I

  • iconoclastic :: attacking cherished traditions
  •  
  • ideology :: ideas of a group people
  •  
  • idiom :: special usage in language
  •  
  • idiosyncrasy :: peculiarity; eccentricity
  •  
  • idiosyncratic :: private; peculiar to an individual
  •  
  • idolatry :: worship of idols; excessive admiration
  •  
  • igneous :: produced by fire; volcanic
  •  
  • ignoble :: of lowly origin; unworthy
  •  
  • ignominious :: disgraceful
  •  
  • illimitable :: infinite


  • illusion :: misleading vision
  •  
  • illusive :: deceiving
  •  
  • imbecility :: weakness of mind
  •  
  • imbibe :: drink in
  •  
  • imbroglio :: a complicated situation;
  •  
  • imbrue :: drench, stain, especially with blood
  •  
  • imbue :: saturate; fill
  •  
  • immaculate :: pure; spotless
  •  
  • imminent :: impending; near at hand
  •  
  • immobility :: state of being immovable
  •  
  • immolate :: offer as a sacrifice
  •  
  • immune :: exempt
  •  
  • immure :: imprison; shut up in confinement
  •  
  • immutable :: unchangeable
  •  
  • impair :: worsen; diminish in value
  •  
  • impale :: pierce
  •  
  • impalpable :: imperceptible; intangible
  •  
  • impasse :: predicament from which there is no escape
  •  
  • impassive :: without feeling; not affected by pain
  •  
  • impeach :: charge with crime in office; indict
  •  
  • impeccable :: faultless
  •  
  • impecunious :: without money
  •  
  • impending :: nearing; approaching


  • impenitent :: not repentant
  •  
  • imperious :: domineering
  •  
  • impermeable :: impervious; not permitting passage through its substance
  •  
  • impertinent :: insolent
  •  
  • imperturbability :: calmness
  •  
  • imperturbable :: calm; placid
  •  
  • impervious :: not penetrable; not permitting passage through
  •  
  • impetuous :: violent; hasty; rash
  •  
  • impetus :: moving force
  •  
  • impiety :: irreverence; wickedness
  •  
  • impious :: irreverent
  •  
  • implacable :: incapable of being pacified
  •  
  • implement :: supply what is needed; furnish with tools
  •  
  • implication :: that which is hinted at or suggested
  •  
  • implicit :: understood but not stated
  •  
  • imply :: suggest a meaning not expressed; signify
  •  
  • impolitic :: not wise
  •  
  • imponderable :: weightless
  •  
  • import :: significance
  •  
  • importunate :: urging; demanding
  •  
  • importune :: beg earnestly
  •  
  • impotent :: weak; ineffective


  • imprecate :: curse; pray that evil will befall
  •  
  • impregnable :: invulnerable
  •  
  • imprimatur :: permission to print or publish a book
  •  
  • impromptu :: without previous preparation
  •  
  • impropriety :: state of being
  •  
  • improvident :: thriftless
  •  
  • improvise :: compose on the spur of the moment
  •  
  • impugn :: doubt; challenge; gainsay
  •  
  • impunity :: freedom from punishment
  •  
  • imputation :: charge; reproach
  •  
  • impute :: attribute; ascribe
  •  
  • inadvertence :: oversight; carelessness
  •  
  • inalienable :: not to be taken away; nontransferable
  •  
  • inane :: silly; senseless
  •  
  • inanimate :: lifeless
  •  
  • inappropriate
  •  
  • inarticulate :: speechless; producing indistinct speech
  •  
  • incantation :: singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula
  •  
  • incapacitate :: disable
  •  
  • incarcerate :: imprison
  •  
  • incarnadine :: stain crimson or bloodcolor
  •  
  • incarnate :: endowed with flesh; personified
  •  
  • incarnation :: act of assuming a human body and human nature


  • incendiary :: arsonist
  •  
  • incentive :: spur; motive
  •  
  • incessant :: uninterrupted
  •  
  • inchoate :: recently begun; rudimentary; elementary
  •  
  • incidence :: falling on a body; a casual occurrence
  •  
  • incipient :: beginning; in an early stage
  •  
  • incisive :: cutting; sharp
  •  
  • incite :: arouse to action
  •  
  • inclement :: stormy; unkind
  •  
  • inclusive :: tending to include all
  •  
  • incognito :: with identity concealed; using an assumed name
  •  
  • incommodious :: not spacious
  •  
  • incompatible :: inharmonious
  •  
  • incongruity :: lack of harmony; absurdity
  •  
  • incongruous :: not fitting; absurd
  •  
  • inconsequential :: of trifling significance
  •  
  • incontinent :: lacking self-restraint; licentious
  •  
  • incontrovertible :: indisputable
  •  
  • incorporeal :: immaterial; without a material body
  •  
  • incorrigible :: uncorrectable
  •  
  • incredulity :: a tendency to disbelief
  •  
  • incredulous :: withholding belief; skeptical
  •  
  • increment :: increase


  • incriminate :: accuse
  •  
  • incubate :: hatch; scheme
  •  
  • incubus :: burden; mental care; nightmare
  •  
  • inculcate :: teach
  •  
  • incumbent :: officeholder
  •  
  • incursion :: temporary invasion
  •  
  • indefatigable :: tireless
  •  
  • indemnify :: make secure against loss; compensate for loss
  •  
  • indenture :: bind as servant or apprentice to master
  •  
  • indict :: charge
  •  
  • indigenous :: native
  •  
  • indigent :: poor
  •  
  • indignity :: offensive or insulting treatment
  •  
  • indisposed to move
  •  
  • indisputable :: too certain to be disputed
  •  
  • indite :: write; compose
  •  
  • indolence :: laziness
  •  
  • indomitable :: unconquerable
  •  
  • indubitably :: beyond a doubt
  •  
  • inductive :: pertaining to induction or
  •  
  • indulgent :: humoring; yielding; lenient
  •  
  • inebriety :: habitual intoxication
  •  
  • ineffable :: unutterable; cannot be expressed in speech


  • ineluctable :: irresistible; not to be escaped
  •  
  • inept :: unsuited; absurd; incompetent
  •  
  • inertia :: state of being inert or
  •  
  • inexorable :: relentless; unyielding; implacable
  •  
  • infallible :: unerring
  •  
  • infamous :: notoriously bad
  •  
  • infer :: deduce; conclude
  •  
  • inference :: conclusion drawn from data
  •  
  • infinitesimal :: very small
  •  
  • infirmity :: weakness
  •  
  • inflated :: enlarged with air or gas
  •  
  • influx :: flowing into
  •  
  • information in tabular or book form
  •  
  • infraction :: violation
  •  
  • infringe :: violate; encroach
  •  
  • ingenue :: an artless girl; an actress who plays such parts
  •  
  • ingenuous :: naive; young; unsophisticated
  •  
  • ingrate :: ungrateful person
  •  
  • ingratiate :: become popular with
  •  
  • inherent :: firmly established by nature or habit


  • inhibit :: prohibit; restrain
  •  
  • inimical :: unfriendly; hostile
  •  
  • iniquitous :: unjust; wicked
  •  
  • inkling :: hint
  •  
  • innate :: inborn
  •  
  • innocuous :: harmless
  •  
  • innovation :: change; introduction off something new
  •  
  • innuendo :: hint; insinuation
  •  
  • inordinate :: unrestrained; excessive
  •  
  • insatiable :: not easily satisfied; greedy
  •  
  • inscrutable :: incomprehensible; not to be discovered
  •  
  • insensate :: without feeling
  •  
  • insidious :: treacherous; stealthy; sly
  •  
  • insinuate :: hint; imply
  •  
  • insipid :: tasteless; dull
  •  
  • insolent :: haughty and contemptuous
  •  
  • insolvency :: bankruptcy; lack of ability to repay debts
  •  
  • insomnia :: wakefulness; inability to sleep
  •  
  • insouciant :: indifferent; without concern or care
  •  
  • instigate :: urge; start; provoke


  • insular :: like an island; narrow-minded
  •  
  • insuperable :: insurmountable; invincible
  •  
  • insurgent :: rebellious
  •  
  • integrate :: make whole; combine; make into one unit
  •  
  • integrity :: wholeness; purity; uprightness
  •  
  • integument :: outer covering or skin
  •  
  • intellect :: higher mental powers
  •  
  • intelligentsia :: the intelligent and educated classes (often used derogatorily)
  •  
  • inter :: bury
  •  
  • interdict :: prohibit; forbid
  •  
  • interim :: meantime
  •  
  • interlocutory :: conversational;
  •  
  • intermediate, not final
  •  
  • interment :: burial
  •  
  • interminable :: endless
  •  
  • intermittent :: periodic; on and off
  •  
  • internecine :: mutually destructive
  •  
  • interstices :: chinks; crevices
  •  
  • intimate :: hint
  •  
  • intimidation :: fear
  •  
  • intractable :: unruly; refractory
  •  
  • intransigence :: state of stubborn unwillingness to compromise


  • intransigent :: refusing any compromise
  •  
  • intrepid :: fearless
  •  
  • intrinsic :: belonging to a thing in itself; inherent
  •  
  • introvert :: inclined to think more about oneself
  •  
  • introvert :: one who is introspective
  •  
  • intrude :: trespass; enter as an uninvited person
  •  
  • intuition :: power of knowing without reasoning
  •  
  • inundate :: overflow; flood
  •  
  • inured :: accustomed; hardened
  •  
  • invalidate :: weaken; destroy
  •  
  • invective :: abuse
  •  
  • inveigh :: denounce; utter censure or invective
  •  
  • inveigle :: lead astray; wheedle
  •  
  • inverse :: opposite
  •  
  • inveterate :: deep-rooted; habitual
  •  
  • invidious :: designed to create ill will or envy
  •  
  • inviolability :: security from being destroyed, corrupted or profaned
  •  
  • invulnerable :: incapable of injury
  •  
  • iota :: very small quantity
  •  
  • irascible :: irritable; easily angered
  •  
  • iridescent :: exhibiting rainbow like colors
  •  
  • irksome :: repetitious; tedious


  • ironical :: resulting in an unexpected and contrary manner
  •  
  • irony :: hidden sarcasm or satire
  •  
  • irreconcilable :: incompatible; not able to be resolved
  •  
  • irrefragable :: not to be disproved; indisputable
  •  
  • irrelevant :: not applicable; unrelated
  •  
  • irremediable :: incurable; uncorrectable
  •  
  • irreparable :: not able to be corrected or repaired
  •  
  • irreverent :: lacking proper respect
  •  
  • irrevocable :: unalterable
  •  
  • isotope :: varying form of an element
  •  
  • iterate :: utter a second time; repeat
  •  
  • itinerant :: wandering; traveling
  •  
  • itinerary :: plan of a trip

 

J

 

  • jaded :: fatigued; surfeited
  •  
  • jargon :: language used by special group; gibberish


  • jaundiced :: yellowed; prejudiced; envious
  •  
  • jejune :: lacking interest; barren; meager
  •  
  • jeopardy :: exposure to death or danger
  •  
  • jeremiad :: lament; complaint
  •  
  • jettison :: throw overboard
  •  
  • jingoism :: extremely aggressive and militant patriotism
  •  
  • jocose :: giving to joking
  •  
  • jocular :: said or done in jest
  •  
  • jocund :: merry
  •  
  • jubilation :: rejoicing
  •  
  • judicious :: wise; determined by sound judgment
  •  
  • juncture :: crisis; joining point
  •  
  • junket :: a merry feast or picnic
  •  
  • junta :: group of men joined in political intrigue; cabal
  •  
  • jurisprudence :: science of law
  •  

K , L , M

 

  • Ken: knowledg
  •  
  • kaleidoscope :: tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors
  •  
  • ken :: range of knowledge
  •  
  • kinetic :: producing motion
  •  
  • kiosk :: summerhouse; open pavilion
  •  
  • kismet :: fate
  •  
  • kith :: familiar friends
  •  
  • kleptomaniac :: person who has a compulsive desire to steal
  •  
  • knavery :: rascality
  •  
  • knell :: tolling of a bell at a funeral; sound of the funeral bell
  •  
  • knoll :: little round hill
  • labyrinth :: maze
  •  
  • lacerate :: mangle; tear
  •  
  • lachrymose :: producing tears
  •  
  • lackadaisical :: affectedly languid
  •  
  • lackey :: footman; toady
  •  
  • laconic :: brief and to the point
  •  
  • laggard :: slow; sluggish
  •  
  • lagniappe :: trifling present given to a customer
  •  
  • lagoon :: shallow body of water near a sea; lake
  •  
  • laity :: laymen; persons not connected with the clergy

  • lambent :: flickering; softly radiant
  •  
  • laminated :: made of thin plates or scales
  •  
  • lampoon :: ridicule
  •  
  • languid :: weary; sluggish; listless
  •  
  • languish :: lose animation; lose strength
  •  
  • languor :: lassitude; depression
  •  
  • lapidary :: worker in precious stones
  •  
  • larceny :: theft
  •  
  • largess :: generous gift
  •  
  • lascivious :: lustful
  •  
  • lassitude :: languor; weariness
  •  
  • latent :: dormant; hidden
  •  
  • lateral :: coming from the side
  •  
  • latitude :: freedom from narrow limitations
  •  
  • laudable :: praiseworthy; commendable
  •  
  • laudatory :: expressing praise
  •  
  • lave :: wash
  •  
  • lavish :: liberal; wasteful
  •  
  • lecherous :: impure in thought and act; lustful; unchaste
  •  
  • lechery :: gross lewdness; lustfulness

  • lectern :: reading desk
  •  
  • lesion :: unhealthy change in structure; injury
  •  
  • lethal :: deadly
  •  
  • lethargic :: drowsy; dull
  •  
  • levity :: lightness
  •  
  • lewd :: lustful
  •  
  • lexicographer :: compiler of a dictionary
  •  
  • lexicon :: dictionary
  •  
  • liaison :: officer who acts as gobetween for two armies
  •  
  • libelous :: defamatory; injurious to the good name of a person
  •  
  • libertine :: debauched person; roué
  •  
  • libidinous :: lustful
  •  
  • libido :: emotional urges behind human activity
  •  
  • libretto :: text of an opera
  •  
  • licentious :: wanton; lewd; dissolute
  •  
  • lieu :: instead of
  •  
  • limbo :: region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; a prison
  •  
  • limn :: portray; describe vividly
  •  
  • limpid :: clear
  •  
  • linguistic :: pertaining to language
  •  
  • liquidate :: settle accounts; clear up
  •  
  • lissome :: agile; lithe
  •  
  • litany :: supplicatory prayer
  •  
  • lithe :: flexible; supple
  •  
  • litigation :: lawsuit
  •  
  • litotes :: understatement for emphasis
  •  
  • livid :: lead-colored; black and blue; enraged
  •  
  • loath :: averse; reluctant
  •  
  • loathe :: detest
  •  
  • lode :: metal-bearing vein
  •  
  • longevity :: long life
  •  
  • lope :: gallop slowly
  •  
  • loquacious :: talkative
  •  
  • lout :: clumsy person
  •  
  • lubricity :: slipperiness; evasiveness
  •  
  • lucent :: shining
  •  
  • lucid :: bright; easily understood
  •  
  • lucrative :: profitable
  •  
  • lucre :: money
  •  
  • ludicrous :: laughable; trifling
  •  
  • lugubrious :: mournful


  • luminous :: shining; issuing light
  •  
  • lunar :: pertaining to the moon
  •  
  • lurid :: wild; sensational
  •  
  • luscious :: pleasing to taste or smell
  •  
  • luster :: shine; gloss
  •  
  • lustrous :: shining
  •  
  • luxuriant :: fertile; abundant; ornate
    1. macabre :: gruesome; grisly

 

    1. macerate :: waste away

 

    1. Machiavellian :: crafty; double-dealing

 

    1. machinations :: schemes

 

    1. madrigal :: pastoral song

 

    1. maelstrom :: whirlpool

 

    1. magnanimous :: generous

 

    1. magnate :: person of prominence or influence

 

    1. magniloquent :: boastful; pompous

 

    1. magnitude :: greatness; extent

 

    1. maim :: mutilate; injure

 

    1. maladroit :: clumsy; bungling



    1. malcontent :: person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs

 

    1. malediction :: curse

 

    1. malefactor :: criminal

 

    1. malevolent :: wishing evil

 

    1. malicious :: dictated by hatred or spite

 

    1. malign :: speak evil of; defame

 

    1. malignant :: having an evil influence; virulent

 

    1. malingerer :: one who feigns illness to escape duty

 

    1. mall :: public walk

 

    1. malleable :: capable of being shaped by pounding

 

    1. mammal :: a vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young

 

    1. mammoth :: gigantic

 

    1. mandate :: order; charge

 

    1. mandatory :: obligatory

 

    1. maniacal :: raving mad

 

    1. manifest :: understandable; clear

 

    1. manifesto :: declaration; statement of policy

 

    1. manifold :: numerous; varied

 

    1. manipulate :: operate with the hands

 

    1. manumit :: emancipate; free from bondage



    1. marauder :: raider; intruder

 

    1. marital :: pertaining to marriage

 

    1. maritime :: bordering on the sea; nautical

 

    1. marrow :: soft tissue filling the bones

 

    1. marsupial :: one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a pouch

 

    1. martial :: warlike

 

    1. martinet :: strict disciplinarian

 

    1. masticate :: chew

 

    1. maternal :: motherly

 

    1. matricide :: murder of a mother by a child

 

    1. matrix :: mold or die

 

    1. maudlin :: effusively sentimental

 

    1. maunder :: talk incoherently; utter drivel

 

    1. mausoleum :: monumental tomb

 

    1. mauve :: pale purple

 

    1. mawkish :: sickening; insipid

 

    1. maxim :: proverb; a truth pithily stated

 

    1. mayhem :: injury to body

 

    1. meander :: to wind or turn in its course

 

    1. meddlesome :: interfering

 

    1. mediate :: settle a dispute through the services of an outsider



    1. mediocre :: ordinary; commonplace

 

    1. meditation :: reflection; thought

 

    1. medley :: mixture

 

    1. melange :: medley; miscellany

 

    1. melee :: fight

 

    1. mellifluous :: flowing smoothly; smooth

 

    1. memento :: token; reminder

 

    1. memorialize :: commemorate

 

    1. mendacious :: lying; false

 

    1. mendicant :: beggar

 

    1. menial :: suitable for servants; low

 

    1. mentor :: teacher

 

    1. mercantile :: concerning trade

 

    1. mercenary :: interested in money or gain

 

    1. mercurial :: fickle; changing

 

    1. meretricious :: flashy; tawdry

 

    1. meringue :: pastry decoration made of white of eggs

 

    1. mesa :: high, flat-topped hill

 

    1. mesmerize :: hypnotize

 

    1. metallurgical :: pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores



    1. metamorphosis :: change of form

 

    1. metaphor :: implied comparison

 

    1. metaphysical :: pertaining to speculative philosophy

 

    1. mete :: measure; distribute

 

    1. meticulous :: excessively careful

 

    1. metropolis :: large city

 

    1. mettle :: courage; spirit

 

    1. mews :: group of stables built around a courtyard

 

    1. miasma :: swamp gas; odor of decaying matter

 

    1. microcosm :: small world

 

    1. mien :: demeanor; bearing illusion

 

    1. migrant :: changing its habitat; wandering

 

    1. migratory :: wandering

 

    1. milieu :: environment; means of expression

 

    1. militant :: combative; bellicose

 

    1. militate :: work against

 

    1. millennium :: thousand-year period; period of happiness and prosperity

 

    1. minaret :: slender tower attached to a mosque



    1. minatory :: threatening

 

    1. mincing :: affectedly dainty

 

    1. minion :: a servile dependent

 

    1. misadventure :: mischance; ill luck

 

    1. misanthrope :: one who hates mankind

 

    1. misapprehension :: error; misunderstanding

 

    1. miscegenation :: intermarriage between races

 

    1. miscellany :: mixture of writing on various subjects

 

    1. mischance :: ill luck

 

    1. miscreant :: wretch; villain

 

    1. misdemeanor :: minor crime

 

    1. misgivings :: doubts

 

    1. mishap :: accident

 

    1. misnomer :: wrong name; incorrect designation

 

    1. misogynist :: hater of women

 

    1. missile :: object to be thrown or projected

 

    1. mite :: very small object or creature; small coin

 

    1. mitigate :: appease

 

    1. mobile :: movable; not fixed

 

    1. mode :: prevailing style

 

    1. modicum :: limited quantity

 

    1. modish :: fashionable

 

    1. modulation :: toning down; changing from one key to another

 

    1. moiety :: half; part



    1. molecule :: the smallest part of a homogeneous substance

 

    1. mollify :: soothe

 

    1. molt :: shed or cast off hair or feathers

 

    1. molten :: melted

 

    1. momentous :: very important

 

    1. momentum :: quantity of motion of a

 

    1. monetary :: pertaining to money

 

    1. monotheism :: belief in one God

 

    1. moodiness :: fits of depression or gloom

 

    1. moor :: marshy wasteland

 

    1. moot :: debatable

 

    1. moratorium :: legal delay of payment

 

    1. morbid :: given to unwholesome

 

    1. mordant :: biting; sarcastic; stinging

 

    1. mores :: customs

 

    1. morganatic :: describing a marriage between a member of a royal family and a commone

 

    1. moribund :: at the point of death

 

    1. morose :: ill-humored; sullen

 

    1. mortician :: undertaker

 

    1. mortify :: humiliate; punish the flesh

 

    1. mote :: small speck

 

    1. motif :: theme

 

    1. motley :: parti-colored; mixed

 

    1. mountebank :: charlatan; boastful pretender

 

    1. moving body; impetus



    1. muddle :: confuse; mix up

 

    1. muggy :: warm and damp

 

    1. mugwump :: defector from a party

 

    1. mulct :: defraud a person of something

 

    1. multiform :: having many forms

 

    1. multilingual :: having many languages

 

    1. multiplicity :: state of being numerous

 

    1. mundane :: worldly as opposed to spiritual

 

    1. munificent :: very generous

 

    1. murkiness :: darkness; gloom

 

    1. murrain :: plague; cattle disease

 

    1. muse :: ponder

 

    1. musky :: having the odor of musk

 

    1. musty :: stale; spoiled by age

 

    1. mutable :: changing in form; fickle

 

    1. mutilate :: maim

 

    1. mutinous :: unruly; rebellious

 

    1. myopic :: nearsighted

 

  1. myriad :: very large number

 

N, O , P

 

    1. nadir :: lowest point

 

    1. naïveté :: quality of being unsophisticated

 

    1. nascent :: incipient; coming into being



    1. natal :: pertaining to birth

 

    1. natation :: swimming

 

    1. nauseate :: cause to become sick; fill with disgust

 

    1. nautical :: pertaining to ships or navigation

 

    1. nave :: main body of a church

 

    1. neap :: lowest

 

    1. nebulous :: cloudy; hazy

 

    1. necrology :: obituary notice; list of the dead

 

    1. necromancy :: black magic; dealings with the dead

 

    1. nefarious :: very wicked

 

    1. negation :: denial

 

    1. nemesis :: revenging agent

 

    1. neophyte :: recent convert; beginner

 

    1. nepotism :: favoritism to a relative

 

    1. nettle :: annoy; vex

 

    1. nexus :: connection

 

    1. nib :: beak; pen point

 

    1. nicety :: precision; minute distinction

 

    1. niggardly :: meanly stingy; parsimonious

 

    1. nirvana :: the ideal state in Buddhist teachings



    1. nocturnal :: done at night

 

    1. noisome :: foul smelling; unwholesome

 

    1. nomadic :: wandering

 

    1. non sequitor :: a conclusion that does not follow from the facts stated

 

    1. nonchalance :: indifference; lack of interest

 

    1. noncommittal :: neutral; unpledged; undecided

 

    1. nonentity :: nonexistence; person of no importance

 

    1. nonplus :: bring to a halt by confusion

 

    1. nosegay :: fragrant bouquet

 

    1. nostalgia :: homesickness; longing for the past

 

    1. notorious :: outstandingly bad; unfavorably known

 

    1. novice :: beginner

 

    1. noxious :: harmful

 

    1. nuance :: shade of difference in meaning or color

 

    1. nubile :: marriageable

 

    1. nugatory :: futile; worthless

 

    1. numismatist :: person who collects coins

 

    1. nurture :: bring up; feed; educate

 

    1. nutrient :: providing nourishment

O

    1. oaf :: stupid, awkward person

 

    1. obdurate :: stubborn

 

    1. obeisance :: bow

 

    1. obelisk :: tall column tapering and ending in a pyramid

 

    1. obese :: fat

 

    1. obfuscate :: confuse; muddle

 

    1. obituary :: death notice

 

    1. objurgate :: scold; rebuke severely

 

    1. objurgation :: severe rebuke; scolding

 

    1. oblation :: the Eucharist; pious donation

 

    1. obligatory :: binding; required

 

    1. oblique :: slanting; deviating from the perpendicular or from a straight line

 

    1. obliquity :: departure from right principle; perversity

 

    1. obliterate :: destroy completely

 

    1. oblivion :: forgetfulness

 

    1. obloquy :: slander; disgrace; infamy

 

    1. obnoxious :: offensive

 

    1. obsequious :: slavishly attentive; servile; sycophantic

 

    1. obsession :: fixed idea; continued brooding

 

    1. obsidian :: black volcanic rock

 

    1. obsolete :: outmoded

 

    1. obstetrician :: physician specializing in delivery of babies

 

    1. obstreperous :: boisterous; noisy

 

    1. obtrude :: push into prominence

 

    1. obtrusive :: pushing toward


    1. obtuse :: blunt; stupid

 

    1. obviate :: make unnecessary; get rid of

 

    1. Occident :: the West

 

    1. occult :: mysterious; secret; supernatural

 

    1. oculist :: physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes

 

    1. odious :: hateful

 

    1. odium :: repugnance; dislike

 

    1. odoriferous :: giving off an order

 

    1. odorous :: having an odor

 

    1. offal :: waste; garbage

 

    1. offertory :: collection of money at religious ceremony

 

    1. officious :: meddlesome; excessively trying to please

 

    1. ogle :: glance coquettishly at; make eyes at

 

    1. olfactory :: concerning the sense of smell

 

    1. oligarchy :: government by a few

 

    1. ominous :: threatening

 

    1. omnipotent :: all-powerful

 

    1. omnipresent :: universally present; ubiquitous

 

    1. omniscient :: all-knowing

 

    1. omnivorous :: eating both plant and animal food; devouring everything

 

    1. onerous :: burdensome

 

    1. onomatopoeia :: words formed in imitation of natural sounds

 

    1. onslaught :: vicious assault



    1. onus :: burden; responsibility

 

    1. opalescent :: iridescent

 

    1. opaque :: dark; not transparent

 

    1. opiate :: sleep producer; deadener of pain

 

    1. opportune :: timely; well chosen

 

    1. opportunist :: individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage

 

    1. opprobrious :: disgraceful

 

    1. opprobrium :: infamy; vilification

 

    1. optician :: maker and seller of eyeglasses

 

    1. optimum :: most favorable

 

    1. optometrist :: one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects

 

    1. opulence :: wealth

 

    1. opus :: work

 

    1. oratorio :: dramatic poem set to music

 

    1. ordinance :: decree

 

    1. orientation :: act of finding oneself in society

 

    1. orifice :: mouthlike opening; small opening

 

    1. orison :: prayer

 

    1. ornate :: excessively decorated; highly decorated

 

    1. ornithologist :: scientific student of birds

 

    1. ornithology :: study of birds

 

    1. orotund :: having a round, resonant quality; inflated speech



    1. orthography :: correct spelling

 

    1. oscillate :: vibrate pendulum like; wave

 

    1. ostensible :: apparent; professed; pretended

 

    1. ostentatious :: showy; pretentious

 

    1. ostracize :: exclude from public favor; ban

 

    1. overt :: open to view

 

    1. overweening :: presumptuous; arrogant

P

    1. pachyderm :: thick-skinned animal

 

    1. pacifist :: one opposed to force; antimilitarist

 

    1. paddock :: saddling enclosure at race lot for exercising horses

 

    1. paean :: song of praise or joy

 

    1. palatable :: agreeable; pleasing to the taste

 

    1. palatial :: magnificent

 

    1. palaver :: discussion; misleading speech; chatter

 

    1. palette :: board on which painter mixes pigments

 

    1. palimpsest :: parchment used for second time after original writing has been erased

 

    1. pallet :: small, poor bed

 

    1. palliate :: ease pain; make less guilty of offensive

 

    1. palliation :: act of making less severe or violent

 

    1. pallid :: pale; wan

 

    1. palpable :: tangible; easily perceptible

 

    1. palpitate :: throb; flutter

 

    1. paltry :: insignificant; petty

 

    1. panacea :: cure-all; remedy for all diseases

 

    1. pandemonium :: wild tumult

 

    1. pander :: cater to the low desires of others

 

    1. panegyric :: formal praise

 

    1. panoply :: full set of armor

 

    1. panorama :: comprehensive view; unobstructed view in all directions

 

    1. pantomime :: acting without dialogue

 

    1. papyrus :: ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant

 

    1. parable :: short, simple story teaching a moral

 

    1. paradox :: statement that looks false but is actually correct

 

    1. paragon :: model of perfection

 

    1. parallelism :: state of being parallel; similarity

 

    1. paramour :: illicit lover

 

    1. paranoia :: chronic form of insanity marked by delusions grandeur

 

    1. paranoiac :: mentally unsound person suffering from delusions

 

    1. parapet :: low wall at edge of roof or balcony

 

    1. paraphernalia :: equipment; odds and ends

 

    1. paraphrase :: restate a passage in one’s own words while retaining thought of author

 

    1. parasite :: animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant


    1. paregoric :: medicine that eases pain

 

    1. pariah :: social outcast

 

    1. parity :: equality; close resemblance

 

    1. parlance :: language; idiom

 

    1. parley :: conference

 

    1. parlous :: dangerous; perilous

 

    1. parody :: humorous imitation; travesty

 

    1. paroxysm :: fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage

 

    1. parricide :: person who murders his

 

    1. parry :: ward off a blow

 

    1. parsimonious :: stingy; excessively frugal

 

    1. partiality :: inclination; bias

 

    1. parturition :: delivery; childbirth

 

    1. parvenu :: upstart; newly rich person

 

    1. passé :: old-fashioned; past the prime

 

    1. passive :: not active; acted upon

 

    1. pastiche :: imitation of another’s style in musical composition or in writing

 

    1. pastoral :: rural

 

    1. patent :: open for the public to read; obvious

 

    1. pathetic :: causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching

 

    1. pathological :: pertaining to disease

 

    1. pathos :: tender sorrow; pity



    1. patina :: green crust on old bronze works; tone slowly taken by varnished painti

 

    1. patois :: local or provincial dialect

 

    1. patriarch :: father and ruler of a family or tribe

 

    1. patricide :: person who murders his father; murder of a father

 

    1. patrimony :: inheritance from father

 

    1. paucity :: scarcity

 

    1. peccadillo :: slight offense

 

    1. peculate :: steal; embezzle

 

    1. peculation :: embezzlement; theft

 

    1. pecuniary :: pertaining to money

 

    1. pedagogue :: teacher; dull and formal teacher

 

    1. pedant :: scholar who overemphasizes book learning or technicalities

 

    1. pedantic :: showing off learning; bookish

 

    1. pediatrician :: expert in children’s diseases

 

    1. pediment :: triangular part above columns in Greek buildings

 

    1. pejorative :: having a deteriorating or depreciating effect on the meaning of a word

 

    1. pelf :: stolen property; money or wealth in a contemptuous sense

 

    1. pell-mell :: in confusion; disorderly

 

    1. pellucid :: transparent; limpid; easy to understand

 

    1. penance :: self-imposed punishment for sin



    1. penchant :: strong inclination; liking

 

    1. pendant :: hanging down from something

 

    1. pendent :: suspended; jutting; pending

 

    1. pendulous :: hanging; suspended

 

    1. penitent :: repentant

 

    1. pennate :: having wings or feathers

 

    1. pensive :: dreamily thoughtful; thoughtful with a hint of sadness

 

    1. penumbra :: partial shadow in an eclipse

 

    1. penurious :: stingy; parsimonious

 

    1. penury :: extreme poverty

 

    1. percussion :: striking one object against another sharply

 

    1. perdition :: damnation; complete ruin

 

    1. peregrination :: journey

 

    1. peremptory :: demanding and leaving no choice

 

    1. perennial :: lasting

 

    1. perfidious :: basely false

 

    1. perfidy :: violation of a trust

 

    1. perforce :: of necessity

 

    1. perfunctory :: superficial; listless; not thorough



    1. perigee :: point of moon’s orbit when it nearest the earth

 

    1. perimeter :: outer boundary

 

    1. peripatetic :: walking about; moving

 

    1. periphery :: edge, especially of a round surface

 

    1. peristyle :: series of columns surrounding a building or yard

 

    1. perjury :: false testimony while under oath

 

    1. permeable :: porous; allowing passage through

 

    1. permeate :: pass through; spread

 

    1. pernicious :: very destructive

 

    1. peroration :: conclusion of an oration

 

    1. perpetrate :: commit an offense

 

    1. perpetual :: everlasting

 

    1. perplexity; entanglement

 

    1. perquisite :: any gain above stipulated salary

 

    1. persiflage :: flippant conversation; banter

 

    1. person has full sovereignty

 

    1. personable :: attractive

 

    1. perspicacious :: having insight; penetrating; astute

 

    1. perspicuity :: clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity

 

    1. perspicuous :: plainly expressed

 

    1. pert :: impertinent; forward



    1. pertinacious :: stubborn; persistent

 

    1. pertinent :: suitable; to the point

 

    1. perturb :: disturb greatly

 

    1. perturbation :: agitation

 

    1. perusal :: reading

 

    1. perverse :: stubborn; intractable

 

    1. perversion :: corruption; turning from right to wrong

 

    1. perversity :: stubborn maintenance of a wrong cause

 

    1. pervious :: penetrable

 

    1. pessimism :: belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess

 

    1. pestilential :: causing plague; baneful

 

    1. petrify :: turn to stone

 

    1. petulant :: touchy; peevish

 

    1. pharisaical :: pertaining to the Pharisees; self-righteous; hypocritical

 

    1. phial :: small bottle

 

    1. philander :: make love lightly; flirt

 

    1. philanthropist :: lover of mankind; doer of good

 

    1. philistine :: narrow-minded person; uncultured person

 

    1. philology :: study of language

 

    1. phlegmatic :: calm; not easily disturbed

 

    1. phobia :: morbid fear

 

    1. physiognomy :: face

 

    1. physiological :: pertaining to the science of the function of living organisms

 

    1. picaresque :: pertaining to rogues in literature

 

    1. piebald :: mottled; spotted

 

    1. pied :: variegated; multicolored

 

    1. pillage :: plunder

 

    1. pillory :: punish by placing in a wooden frame and subjecting to ridicule

 

    1. pinion :: restrain

 

    1. pinnacle :: peak

 

    1. pious :: devout

 

    1. piquant :: pleasantly tart-tasting; stimulating

 

    1. pique :: irritation; resentment

 

    1. piscatorial :: pertaining to fishing

 

    1. pithy :: concise; meaty

 

    1. pittance :: a small allowance or wage

 

    1. placate :: pacify; conciliate

 

    1. placid :: peaceful; calm

 

    1. plagiarism :: theft of another’s ideas or writings passed off as original

 

    1. plaintive :: mournful

 

    1. plangent :: plaintive; resounding sadly

 

    1. platitude :: trite remark; commonplace statement

 

    1. platonic :: purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire



    1. plauditory :: approving; applauding

 

    1. plausible :: having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious

 

    1. plebeian :: common; pertaining to the common people

 

    1. plebiscite :: expression of the will of a people by direct election

 

    1. plenary :: complete; full

 

    1. plenipotentiary :: fully empowered

 

    1. plethora :: excess; overabundance

 

    1. plumb :: checking perpendicularity; vertical

 

    1. podiatrist :: doctor who treats ailments of the feet

 

    1. podium :: pedestal; raised platform

 

    1. poignant :: keen; piercing; severe

 

    1. polemic :: controversy; argument in support of point of view

 

    1. politic :: expedient; prudent; well devised

 

    1. polity :: form of government of nation or state



    1. poltroon :: coward

 

    1. polygamist :: one who has more than one spouse at a time

 

    1. polyglot :: speaking several languages

 

    1. pommel :: beat

 

    1. porphyry :: igneous rock containing feldspar or quartz crystals

 

    1. portend :: foretell; presage

 

    1. portent :: sign; omen; forewarning

 

    1. portentous :: ominous; serious

 

    1. portly :: stately; stout

 

    1. posterity :: descendants; future generations

 

    1. posthumous :: after death

 

    1. postprandial :: after dinner

 

    1. postulate :: self-evident truth

 

    1. potable :: suitable for drinking

 

    1. potentate :: monarch; sovereign

 

    1. potential :: expressing possibility; latent

 

    1. potion :: dose of liquid

 

    1. potpourri :: heterogeneous mixture; medley

 

    1. poultice :: soothing application applied

 

    1. practicable :: feasible

 

    1. practical :: based on experience; useful

 

    1. pragmatic :: practical; concerned with practical values

 

    1. prate :: speak foolishly; boast idly

 

    1. prattle :: babble

 

    1. preamble :: introductory statement

 

    1. precarious :: uncertain; risky

 

    1. precedent :: preceding in time, rank, etc.

 

    1. precedent :: something preceding in time

 

    1. precept :: practical rule guiding conduct

 

    1. preciosity :: overrefinement in art or speech

 

    1. precipitate :: headlong; rash

 

    1. precipitate :: throw headlong; hasten

 

    1. precipitous :: steep

 

    1. preclude :: make impossible; eliminate

 

    1. precocious :: developed ahead of time

 

    1. precursor :: forerunner

 

    1. predatory :: plundering


    1. predilection :: partiality; preference

 

    1. preeminent :: outstanding; superior

 

    1. preempt :: appropriate beforehand

 

    1. prefatory :: introductory

 

    1. prehensile :: capable of grasping or holding

 

    1. prelude :: introduction; forerunner

 

    1. premonition :: forewarning

 

    1. premonitory :: serving to warn

 

    1. preponderance :: superiority of power, quantity, etc.

 

    1. preponderate :: be superior in power; outweigh

 

    1. preposterous :: absurd; ridiculous

 

    1. prerogative :: privilege; unquestionable right

 

    1. presage :: foretell

 

    1. presentiment :: premonition; foreboding

 

    1. prestige :: impression produced by achievements or reputation

 

    1. presumption :: arrogance; effrontery

 

    1. pretentious :: ostentatious; ambitious



    1. prevaricate :: lie

 

    1. prim :: very precise and formal; exceedingly proper

 

    1. primogeniture :: seniority by birth

 

    1. primordial :: existing at the beginning of time; rudimentary

 

    1. pristine :: characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled

 

    1. privy :: secret; hidden; not public

 

    1. probe :: explore with tools

 

    1. probity :: uprightness; incorruptibility

 

    1. proboscis :: long snout; nose

 

    1. proceeding from the specific to the general

 

    1. proclivity :: inclination; natural tendency

 

    1. procrastinate :: postpone; delay

 

    1. prodigal :: wasteful; reckless with money

 

    1. prodigious :: marvelous; enormous

 

    1. profane :: violate; desecrate

 

    1. profligate :: dissipated; wasteful; licentious

 

    1. profusion :: lavish expenditure; overabundant condition

 

    1. progenitor :: ancestor



    1. progeny :: children; offspring

 

    1. prognathous :: having projecting jaws

 

    1. prognosis :: forecasted course of a disease; prediction

 

    1. prognosticate :: predict

 

    1. projectile :: missile

 

    1. proletarian :: member of the working class

 

    1. prolific :: abundantly fruitful

 

    1. prolix :: verbose; drawn out

 

    1. promiscuous :: mixed indiscriminately; haphazard; irregular

 

    1. promontory :: headland

 

    1. promulgate :: make known by official proclamation or publication

 

    1. prone :: inclined to; prostrate

 

    1. propagate :: multiply; spread

 

    1. propellants :: substances which propel of drive forward

 

    1. propensity :: natural inclination

 

    1. prophylactic :: used to prevent disease

 

    1. propinquity :: nearness; kinship

 

    1. propitiate :: appease

 

    1. propitious :: favorable; kindly

 

    1. propound :: put forth for analysis



    1. propriety :: fitness; correct conduct

 

    1. propulsive :: driving forward

 

    1. prorogue :: dismiss parliament; end officially

 

    1. prosaic :: commonplace; dull

 

    1. proscenium :: part of stage in front of curtain

 

    1. proscribe :: ostracize; banish; outlaw

 

    1. proselytize :: convert to a religion or belief

 

    1. prosody :: the art of versification

 

    1. prostrate :: stretch out full on ground

 

    1. protégé :: person under the protection and support of a patron

 

    1. protocol :: diplomatic etiquette

 

    1. prototype :: original work used as a model by others

 

    1. protract :: prolong

 

    1. protrude :: stick out

 

    1. provenance :: origin or source of something

 

    1. provender :: dry food; fodder

 

    1. provident :: displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies

 

    1. provincial :: pertaining to a province; limited

 

    1. proviso :: stipulation

 

    1. provocation :: cause for anger or retaliation

 

    1. proximity :: nearness

 

    1. proxy :: authorized agent

 

    1. prurient :: based on lascivious thoughts

 

    1. pseudonym :: pen name

 

    1. psyche :: soul; mind

 

    1. psychiatrist :: a doctor who treats mental diseases

 

    1. psychopathic :: pertaining to mental derangement

 

    1. psychosis :: mental disorder

 

    1. pterodactyl :: extinct flying reptile

 

    1. puerile :: childish

 

    1. pugnacious :: combative; disposed to fight

 

    1. puissant :: powerful; strong; potent

 

    1. pulchritude :: beauty; comeliness

 

    1. pulmonary :: pertaining to the lungs

 

    1. pulsate :: throb

 

    1. punctilious :: laying stress on niceties of conduct or form; precise

 

    1. pundit :: learned Hindu; any learned man; authority on a subject

 

    1. pungent :: stinging; caustic

 

    1. punitive :: punishing

 

    1. puny :: insignificant; tiny; weak

 

    1. purblind :: dim-sighted; obtuse

 

    1. purgatory :: place of spiritual expiation

 

    1. purge :: clean by removing impurities; to clear of charges

 

    1. purloin :: steal

 

    1. purport :: intention; meaning

 

    1. purpose; to take for public use

 

    1. purveyor :: furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer

 

    1. purview :: scope

 

    1. pusillanimous :: cowardly; fainthearted

 

    1. putative :: supposed; reputed

 

    1. putrid :: foul; rotten; decayed

 

  1. pyromaniac :: person with an insane desire to set things on fire

Read and Answer

 

Q. A. The wall does not simply divide Israel from a putative Palestinian state on the basis of the 1967 borders.
B. A chilling omission from the road map is the gigantic ‘separation wall’ now being built in the West Bank by Israel.
C. It is surrounded by trenches, electric wire and moats; there are watchtowers at regular intervals.
D. It actually takes new tracts of Palestinian land, sometimes five or six kilometres at a stretch.
E. Almost a decade after the end of South African apartheid this ghastly racist wall is going up with scarcely a peep from Israel’s American allies who are going to pay for most of it.

 

  1. EBCAD

  2. BADCE

  3. AEDCB

  4. ECADB

 

Ans . B

 

Q. A. Luckily the tide of battle moved elsewhere after the American victory at Midway and an Australian victory over Japan at Milne Bay.
B. It could have been no more than a delaying tactic.
C. The Australian military, knowing the position was hopeless, planned to fall back to the south- east in the hope of defending the main cities.
D. They had captured most of the Solomon Islands and much of New Guinea, and seemed poised for an invasion.
E. Not many people outside Australia realize how close the Japanese got.

 

  1. EDCBA

  2. ECDAB

  3. ADCBE

  4. CDBAE

 

Ans . A

 

Q. A. Call it the third wave sweeping the Indian media. B. Now they are starring in a new role, as suave dealmakers who are in a hurry to strike alliances and agreements.
C. Look around and you will find a host of deals that have been inked or are ready to be finalized.
D. Then the media barons wrested back control from their editors, and turned marketing warriors with the brand as their missile.
E. The first came with those magnificent men in their mahogany chambers who took on the world with their mighty fountain pens.

 

  1. ACBED

  2. CEBDA

  3. CAEBD

  4. AEDBC

 

Ans . D

 

Q. A. The celebrations of economic recovery in Washington may be as premature as that ‘Mission Accomplished’ banner hung on the USS Abraham Lincoln to hail the end of the Iraq war.
B. Meanwhile, in the real world, the struggles of families and communities continue unabated.
C. Washington responded to the favourable turn in economic news with enthusiasm.
D. The celebrations and high-fives up and down Pennsylvania Avenue are not to be found beyond the Beltway.
E. When the third quarter GDP showed growth of 7.2% and the monthly unemployment rate dipped to six per cent, euphoria gripped the US capital.

 

  1. ACEDB

  2. CEDAB

  3. ECABD

  4. ECBDA

 

Ans . D

 

Q. A. To much of the Labour movement, it symbolises the brutality of the upper classes.
B. And to everybody watching, the current mess over foxhunting symbolises the government’s weakness.
C. To foxhunting’s supporters, Labour’s 1991 manifesto commitment to ban it symbolises the party’s metropolitan roots and hostility to the countryside.
D. Small issues sometimes have large symbolic power.
E. To those who enjoy thundering across the countryside in red coats after foxes, foxhunting symbolises the ancient roots of rural lives.

 

  1. DEACB

  2. ECDBA

  3. CEADB

  4. DBAEC

 

Ans . A

 

Q. A. In the case of King Merolchazzar’s courtship of the Princess of the Outer Isles, there occurs a regrettable hitch.
B. She acknowledges the gifts, but no word of a meeting date follows.
C. The monarch, hearing good reports of a neighbouring princess, dispatches messengers with gifts to her court, beseeching an interview.
D. The princess names a date, and a formal meeting takes place; after that everything buzzes along pretty smoothly.
E. Royal love affairs in olden days were conducted on the correspondence method.

 

  1. ACBDE

  2. ABCDE

  3. ECDAB

  4. ECBAD

 

Ans . C

 

Q. A. Who can trace to its first beginnings the love of Damon for Pythias, of David for Jonathan, of Swan for Edgar?
B. Similarly with men.
C. There is about great friendships between man and man a certain inevitability that can only be compared with the age-old association of ham and eggs.
D. One simply feels that it is one of the things that must be so.
E. No one can say what was the mutual magnetism that brought the deathless partnership of these wholesome and palatable foodstuffs about.

 

  1. ACBED

  2. CEDBA

  3. ACEBD

  4. CEABD

 

Ans . C

 

Q. A. Events intervened, and in the late 1930s and 1940s, Germany suffered from ‘over-branding’.
B. The British used to be fascinated by the home of Romanticism.
C. But reunification and the federal government’s move to Berlin have prompted Germany to think again about its image.
D. The first foreign package holiday was a tour of Germany organized by Thomas Cook in 1855.
E. Since then Germany has been understandably nervous about promoting itself abroad

 

  1. ACEBD

  2. DECAB

  3. BDAEC

  4. DBAEC

 

Ans . C

 

Four alternative summaries are given below each text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.

 

Q. It is important for shipping companies to be clear about the objectives for maintenance and materials management — as to whether the primary focus is on service level improvement or cost minimization. Often when certain systems are set in place, the cost minimization objective and associated procedure become more important than the flexibility required for service level improvement. The problem really arises since cost minimization tends to focus on out of pocket costs which are visible, while the opportunity costs, often greater in value, are lost sight of.

 

  1. A. Shipping companies have to either minimize costs or maximize service quality. If they focus on cost minimization, they will reduce quality. They should focus on service level improvement, or else opportunity costs will be lost sight of.

  2. B. Shipping companies should determine the primary focus of their maintenance and materials management. Focus on cost minimization may reduce visible costs, but ignore greater invisible costs and impair service quality.

  3. C. Any cost minimization programme in shipping is bound to lower the quality of service. Therefore, shipping companies must be clear about the primary focus of their maintenance and materials management before embarking on cost minimization.

  4. D. Shipping companies should focus on quality level improvement rather than cost cutting. Cost cutting will lead to untold opportunity costs. Companies should have systems in place to make the service level flexible.

 

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

 

Ans . B

 

Q. Try before you buy. We use this memorable saying to urge you to experience the consequences of an alternative before you choose it, whenever this is feasible. If you are considering buying a van after having always owned sedans, rent one for a week or borrow a friend’s. By experiencing the consequences first hand, they become more meaningful. In addition, you are likely to identify consequences you had not even thought of before. May be you will discover that it is difficult to park the van in your small parking space at work, but that, on the other hand, your elderly father has a much easier time getting in and out of it.

 

  1. A. If you are planning to buy a van after being used to sedans, borrow a van or rent it and try it before deciding to buy it. Then you may realize that parking a van is difficult while it is easier for your elderly father to get in and out of it.

  2. B. Before choosing an alternative, experience its consequences if feasible. If, for example, you want to change from sedans to a van, try one before buying it. You will discover aspects you may never have thought of.

  3. C. Always try before you buy anything. You are bound to discover many consequences. One of the consequences of going in for a van is that it is more difficult to park than sedans at the office car park.

  4. D. We urge you to try products such as vans before buying them. Then you can experience consequences you have not thought of such as parking problems. But your father may find vans more comfortable than cars.

 

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

 

Ans . B

 

Q. Physically, inertia is a feeling that you just can’t move; mentally, it is a sluggish mind. Even if you try to be sensitive, if your mind is sluggish, you just don’t feel anything intensely. You may even see a tragedy enacted in front of your eyes and not be able to respond meaningfully. You may see one person exploiting another, one group persecuting another, and not be able to get angry. Your energy is frozen. You are not deliberately refusing to act; you just don’t have the capacity.

 

  1. A. Inertia makes your body and mind sluggish. They become insensitive to tragedies, exploitation, and persecution because it freezes your energy and decapacitates it.

  2. B. When you have inertia you don’t act although you see one person exploiting another or one group persecuting another. You don’t get angry because you are incapable.

  3. C. Inertia is of two types — physical and mental. Physical inertia restricts bodily movements. Mental inertia prevents mental response to events enacted in front of your eyes.

  4. D. Physical inertia stops your body from moving; mental inertia freezes your energy, and stops your mind from responding meaningfully to events, even tragedies, in front of you

 

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

 

Ans . B

 

Q. Some decisions will be fairly obvious — ‘no-brainers’. Your bank account is low, but you have a twoweek vacation coming up and you want to get away to some place warm to relax with your family. Will you accept your in-laws’ offer of free use of their Florida beachfront condo? Sure. You like your employer and feel ready to move forward in your career. Will you step in for your boss for three weeks while she attends a professional development course? Of course.

 

  1. A. Some decisions are obvious under certain circumstances. You may, for example, readily accept a relative’s offer of free holiday accommodation. Or step in for your boss when she is away.

  2. B. Some decisions are no-brainers. You need not think when making them. Examples are condo offers from in-law and job offers from bosses when your bank account is low or boss is away.

  3. C. Easy decisions are called ‘no-brainers’ because they do not require any cerebral activity. Examples such as accepting free holiday accommodation abound in our lives.

  4. D. Accepting an offer from in-laws when you are short on funds and want a holiday is a no-brainer. Another no-brainer is taking the boss’s job when she is away

 

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D

 

Ans . A

Read and Answer

 

In each question, the word at the top of the table is used in four different ways, numbered 1 to 4. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.

 

Q. Help

 

  1. This syrup will help you cold

  2. I can’t help the colour of my skin.

  3. Ranjit may help himself with the beer in the fridge.

  4. Do you really expect me to help you out with cash.

 

Ans . C

 

Q. Paper

 

  1. Your suggestions look great on the paper, but are absolutely impractical.

  2. Do you know how many trees are killed to make a truckload of paper

  3. So far I have been able to paper over the disagreements among my brothers.

  4. Dr. Malek will read a paper on criminalization of politics.

 

Ans . A

 

Q. Service

 

  1. Customers have to service themselves at this canteen.

  2. It’s a service lift; don’t get into it

  3. I’m not making enough even to service the loan

  4. Jyoti’s husband has been on active service for three months

 

Ans . A

 

Q. Reason

 

  1. Your stand is beyond all reason

  2. Has she given you any reason for her resignation?

  3. There is little reason in your pompous advice.

  4. How do you deal with a friend who doesn’t listen to a reason?

 

Ans . D

 

Q. Business

 

  1. I want to do an MBA before going into business.

  2. My wife runs profitable business in this suburb.

  3. If we advertise we will get twice as much business as we have now

  4. How you spend your money is as much my business as yours.

 

Ans . B

 

Read and Answer – There are two gaps in each of the following sentences. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately. The first word in the pair should fill the first gap.

 

Q. The best punctuation is that of which the reader is least conscious; for when punctuation, or lack of it, ___ itself, it is usually because it ___

 

  1. obtrudes … offends

  2. enjoins … fails

  3. conceals … recedes

  4. effaces … counts

 

Ans . A

 

Q. The argument that the need for a looser fiscal policy to ____ demand outweighs the need to ___ budget deficits is persuasive.

 

  1. assess … minimize

  2. outstrip … eliminate

  3. stimulate … control

  4. restrain … conceal

 

Ans . C

 

Q. The Athenians on the whole were peaceful and prosperous; they had ___ to sit at home and think about the universe and dispute with Socrates, or to travel abroad and ___ the world

 

  1. leisure … explore

  2. time … ignore

  3. ability … suffer

  4. temerity … understand

 

Ans . A

 

Q. Their achievement in the field of literature is described as ___; sometimes it is even called ___.

 

  1. magnificent … irresponsible

  2. insignificant … influential

  3. significant … paltry

  4. unimportant … trivial

 

Ans . D

 

Q. From the time she had put her hair up, every man she had met had grovelled before her and she had acquired a mental attitude toward the other sex which was a blend of ___ and ___

 

  1. admiration … tolerance

  2. indifference … contempt

  3. impertinence … temperance

  4. arrogance … fidelity

 

Ans . B

 

Q. This simplified ___ to the decision-making process is a must read for anyone ___ important real estate, personal, or professional decisions.

 

  1. primer … maximizing

  2. tract … enacting

  3. introduction … under

  4. guide … facing

 

Ans . D

 

Q. Physicians may soon have ___ to help paralysed people move their limbs by bypassing the ___ nerves that once controlled their muscles.

 

  1. instruments … detrimental

  2. ways … damaged

  3. reason … involuntary

  4. impediments … complex

 

Ans . B

 

Q. The Internet is a medium where users have nearly ___ choices and ___ constraints about where to go and what to do.

 

  1. unbalanced … non-existent

  2. embarrassing … no

  3. unlimited … minimal

  4. choking … shockinge

 

Ans . C