A part of each sentence given below has been underlined. You have to select the option that best replaces the underlined part.
Q.British Airspace has been focusing on building European links.
concentrating on creating European links
pursuing ways of building European connectivity
stressing on building European links
focusing on forging European links
Q.The appetite of banks for funds was lost under the onslaught of the slowdown, corporates refused to borrow even as bank deposits flourished.
bank deposits flourished
bank deposits swelled
bank deposits were enhanced
bank deposits flummoxed
Q.The 8th-century revival of Byzantine learning is an inexplicable phenomenon, and its economic and military precursors have yet to be discovered
a phenomenon yet to be discovered
a phenomenon incompletely explained
an inexplicable phenomenon
an unidentifiable phenomenon
Q.The management can still hire freely but cannot scold freely.
cannot scold at will
cannot give umbrage
cannot take decisions to scold
cannot scold willfully
Q.Many people mistake familiarity for a vulgar style, and suppose that to write without affectation is to write at random speed
is to write at random
is to write randomly
is to write fast
is to do speed writing
Fill in the blanks of the following sentences using the most appropriate word or words from among the options given for each.
Q.Football evokes a ___ response in India compared to cricket, that almost ___ the nation.
tepid … boiling
lukewarm … electrifies
turbid … fascinating
apocryphal … genuinely fascinates
Q.Social studies, science matters of health and safety, the very atmosphere of the classroom — these areas are few of the ___ for the ___ of proper emotional reactions.
things … growth
fertile areas … basis
fertile fields … inculcation
important areas … formation
Q.When children become more experienced with words as visual symbols, they find that they can gain meaning without making ___ sounds.
Q.Learning is more efficient when it is ___. It is less efficient when it is ___.
fast … slow
rapid … turtle-slow
tedious … like a joy ride
fun … drudgery
Q.To a greater or lesser degree all the civilized countries of the world are made up of a small class of rulers ___ and of a large class of subjects ___.
formed by a small minority … who are uncivilized
powerfully corrupt … pointless crusaders
corrupted by too much power … corrupted by too much passive obedience
who are ruled … who ruled
Q.Simple arithmetic tells us that there is more ___ than ___.
imitation … innovation
improvisation … improvement
impracticality … knowledge
improbability … probability
Q.As a step towards protesting against the spiralling prices, the farmers have decided to stage a picket in an effort to ___.
show their virility
make themselves heard
curb the prices
topple the government
Q.Science is a sort of news agency comparable ___ to other news agencies.
in spirit and form
Q.Most political leaders acquire their position by causing a large number of people to believe that these leaders are ___ by altruistic desires
Q.Everyone will admit that swindling one’s fellow beings is a necessary practice; upon it is based the really sound commercial success formula — ___
sell what you cannot buy back
buy what you will sell to another at a higher price
buy cheap and sell dear
sell what you can, do not buy from a competitor
Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6 to form a logical sequence of six sentences
Q.1. Buddhism is a way to salvation.
A. But Buddhism is more severely analytical.
B. In the Christian tradition there is also a concern for the fate of human society conceived as a whole, rather than merely as a sum or network of individuals.
C. Salvation is a property, or achievement of individuals.
D. Not only does it dissolve society into individuals, the individual in turn is dissolved into component parts and instants, a stream of events.
6. In modern terminology, Buddhist doctrine is reductionist.
Q.1. The problem of improving Indian agriculture is both a sociological and an administrative one.
A. It also appears that there is a direct relationship between the size of a state and development.
B. The issues of Indian development, and the problem of India’s agricultural sector, will remain with us long into the next century.
C. Without improving Indian agriculture, no liberalisation and delicensing will be able to help India.
D. At the end of the day, there has to be a ferment and movement of life and action in the vast segment of rural India.
6. When it starts marching, India will fly.
Q.1. Good literary magazines have always been good because of their editors.
A. Furthermore, to edit by committee, as it were, would prevent any magazine from finding its own identity.
B. The more quirky and idiosyncratic they have been, the better the magazine is, at least as a general rule.
C. But the number of editors one can have for a magazine should also be determined by the number of contributions to it.
D. To have four editors for an issue that contains only seven contributions, it is a bit silly to start with.
6. However, in spite of this anomaly, the magazine does acquire merit in its attempt to give a comprehensive view of the Indian literary scene as it is today
Q.1. It is the success story of the Indian expatriate in the US which today hogs much of the media coverage in India.
A. East and West, the twain have met quite comfortably in their person, thank you.
B. Especially in its more recent romancing — the-NRI phase.
C. Seldom does the price of getting there — more like not getting there — or what’s going on behind those sunny smiles get so much media hype.
D. Well groomed, with their perfect Colgate smiles, and hair in place, they appear the picture of confidence which comes from having arrived.
6. The festival of feature films and documentaries made by Americans of Indian descent being screened this fortnight, goes a long way in filling those gaps.
Q.1. A market for Indian art has existed ever since the international art scene sprang to life.
A. But interest in architectural conceits is an unanticipated fallout of the Festivals of India of
the ’80s, which were designed to increase exports of Indian crafts. B. Simultaneously, the Indian elite discarded their synthetic sarees and kitsch plastic furniture and a market came into being.
C. Western dealers, unhappy in a market afflicted by violent price fluctuations and unpredictable profit margins, began to look East, and found cheap antiques with irresistible appeal.
D. The fortunes of the Delhi supremos, the Jew Town dealers in Cochin and myriad others around the country were made.
6. A chain of command was established, from the local contacts to the provincial dealers and up to the big boys, who entertain the Italians and the French, cutting deals worth lakhs in warehouses worth crores
In each of the following questions, a paragraph has been split into four parts. You have to rearrange these parts to form a coherent paragraph.
Q.A. He was carrying his jacket and walked with his head thrown back.
B. As Annette neared the lamp she saw a figure walking slowly.
C. For a while Michael walked on and she followed 20 paces behind.
D. With a mixture of terror and triumph of recognition she slackened her pace.
Q.A. However, the real challenge today is in unlearning, which is much harder.
B. But the new world of business behaves differently from the world in which we grew up.
C. Learning is important for both people and organisations.
D. Each of us has a ‘mental model’ that we’ve used over the years to make sense.
Q.A. There was nothing quite like a heavy downpour of rain to make life worthwhile.
B. We reached the field, soaked to the skin, and surrounded it.
C. The wet, as far as he was concerned, was ideal.
D. There, sure enough, stood Claudius, looking like a debauched Roman emperor under a shower.
Q.A. Alex had never been happy with his Indian origins.
B. He set about rectifying this grave injustice by making his house in his own image of a country manor.
C. Fate had been unfair to him; if he had had his wish, he would have been a count or an Earl on some English estate, or a medieval monarch in a chateau in France.
(D) This illusion of misplaced grandeur, his wife felt, would be Alex’s undoing.
Q.A. The influence is reflected the most in beaded evening wear.
B. Increasingly, the influence of India’s colours and cuts can be seen on western styles.
C. And even as Nehru jackets and Jodhpurs remain staples of the fashion world, designers such as Armani and McFadden have turned to the sleek silhouette of the churidar this year.
D. Indian hot pink, paprika and saffron continue to be popular colours, year in and year out
Q.A. Such a national policy will surely divide and never unite the people.
B. In fact, it suits the purpose of the politicians; they can drag the people into submission by appealing to them in the name of religion.
C. In order to inculcate the unquestioning belief they condemn the other states, which do not follow their religion.
D. The emergence of the theocratic states, where all types of crimes are committed in the name of religion, has revived the religion of the Middle Ages.
Q.A. His left-hand concealed a blackjack, his right-hand groped for the torch in his pocket.
B. The meeting was scheduled for 9 o’clock, and his watch showed the time to be a quarter to nine.
C. The man lurked in the corner, away from the glare of light.
D. His heart thumped in his chest, sweat beads formed themselves on his forehead, his mouth was dry.
Q.A. The director walked into the room and took a look around the class.
B. Mitch wanted to scream — the illogicality of the entire scene struck him dumb.
C. The managers stared at him with the look of fear that no democratic country should tolerate in its people.
D. He walked out of the room — it was his irrevocable protest against an insensible and insensitive situation.
Q.A. The establishment of the Third Reich influenced events in American history by starting a chain of events which culminated in war between Germany and the United States.
B. The Neutrality Acts of 1935 and 1936 prohibited trade with any belligerents or loans to them.
C. While speaking out against Hitler’s atrocities, the American people generally favoured isolationist policies and neutrality.
D. The complete destruction of democracy, the persecution of Jews, the war on religion, the cruelty and barbarism of the allies, caused great indignation in this country and brought on fear of another World War.
Q.A. An essay which appeals chiefly to the intellect is Francis Bacon’s Of Studies.
B. His careful tripartite division of studies expressed succinctly in aphoristic prose demands the complete attention of the mind of the reader.
C. He considers studies as they should be; for pleasure, for self-improvement, for business.
D. He considers the evils of excess study: laziness, affectation, and preciosity.
Q.A. By reasoning we mean the mental process of drawing an inference from two or more statements or going from the inference to the statements, which yield that inference.
B. So logical reasoning covers those types of questions, which imply drawing an inference from the problems.
C. Logic means, if we take its original meaning, the science of valid reasoning.
D. Clearly, for understanding arguments and for drawing the inference correctly, it is necessary that we should understand the statements first.
In each question, the main statement is followed by four sentences. Select the pair of sentences that relates logically to the given statement.
Q.Either Sita is sick or she is careless.
A. Sita is not sick. B. Sita is not careless.
C. Sita is sick. D. Sita is careless.
Q.Ram gets a swollen nose whenever he eats hamburgers.
A. Ram gets a swollen nose. B. Ram does not eat hamburgers.
C. Ram does not get a swollen nose. D. Ram eats hamburgers.
Q.Either the employees have no confidence in the management or they are hostile by nature.
A. They are not hostile by nature. B. They are hostile by nature.
C. They have confidence in the management. D. They have no confidence in the management.
Q.Whenever Ram reads late into the night, his father beats him.
A. His father does not beat Ram. B. Ram reads late into the night.
C. Ram reads early in the morning. D. Ram’s father beats him in the morning.
None of these
Q.All irresponsible parents shout if their children do not cavort.
A. All irresponsible parents do not shout. B. Children cavort.
C. Children do not cavort. D. All irresponsible parents shout.
All of these
For the word given at the top of each table, match the dictionary definitions on the left (A, B, C, D) with their corresponding usage on the right (E, F, G, H). Out of the four possibilities given in the boxes below the table, select the one that has all the definitions and their usages correctly matched.
Ans . A
Ans . D
Ans . C
Ans . B
Ans . D
Directions for questions : The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph
Q. A. Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting here and there and doing nothing.
B. Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.
C. While working, one is struck by the slow and clumsy actions and reactions, indifferent attitudes, procedure rather than outcome orientation, and the lack of consideration for others.
D. Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unless they are forced to be punctual.
E. Work is not intrinsically valued in India.
F. Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to help them in their personal matters even during office hours.
Ans . C
Q. A. But in the industrial era destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located in the cities.
B. So in the agrarian era, if you need to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is burn his fields, or if you’re really vicious, salt them.
C. Now in the information era, destroying the enemy’s productive capacity means destroying the information infrastructure.
D. How do you do battle with your enemy?
E. The idea is to destroy the enemy’s productive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, that productive capacity is different in each case.
F. With regard to defence, the purpose of the military is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battle with its enemy.
Ans . A
Q. A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval or complaint.
B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him.
C. He acknowledges too — in fact, he returns to the point often — that best translators of poetry always fail at some level.
D. Hofman feels passionately about his work and this is clear from his writings.
E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street-cleaners.
Ans . C
Q. A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.
B. In areas where there are no lords or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.
C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the unsubmissive.
D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.
E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation
Ans . D
Q. A. The situations in which violence occurs and the nature of that violence tends to be clearly defined at least in theory, as in the proverbial Irishman’s question: “Is this a private fight or can anyone join in?”
B. So the actual risk to outsiders, though no doubt higher than our societies, is calculable.
C. Probably the only uncontrolled applications of force are those of social superiors to social inferiors and even here there are probably some rules.
D. However, binding the obligation to kill, members of feuding families engaged in mutual massacre will be genuinely appalled if by some mischance a bystander or outsider is killed.
Ans . A
In each of the following sentences, parts of the sentence are left blank. Beneath each sentence, four different ways of completing the sentence are indicated. Choose the best alternative from among the four.
Q. But ___ are now regularly written not just for tools, but well-established practices, organisations and institutions, not all of which seem to be ___ away.
reports … withering
stories … trading
books … dying
obituaries … fading
Ans . D
Q. The Darwin who ___ is most remarkable for the way in which he ___ the attributes of the world class thinker and head of the household
comes … figures
arises … adds
emerges … combines
appeared … combines
Ans . C
Q. Since her face was free of ___ there was no way to ___ if she appreciated what had happened.
make-up … realise
expression … ascertain
emotion … diagnose
scars … understand
Ans . B
Q. In this context, the ___ of the British labour movement is particularly ___.
affair … weird
activity … moving
experience … significant
atmosphere … gloomy
Ans . C
Q. Indian intellectuals may boast, if they are so inclined, of being ___ to the most elitist among the intellectual ___ of the world.
subordinate … traditions
heirs … cliques
ancestors … societies
heir … traditions
Ans . D
Q. Specious: A specious argument is not simply a false one but one that has the ring of truth.
Ans . C
Q. Obviate: The new mass transit system may obviate the need for the use of personal cars
Ans . D
Q. Disuse: Some words fall into disuse as technology makes objects obsolete
Ans . A
Q. Parsimonious: The evidence was constructed from very parsimonious scraps of information
Ans . D
Q. Facetious: When I suggested that war is a method of controlling population, my father remarked that I was being facetious.
Ans . A