• fabricate :: build; lie
  • facade :: front of the building
  • facet :: small plane surface of a gem; a side
  • facetious :: humorous; jocular
  • facile :: easy; expert
  • facilitate :: make less difficult
  • faction :: party; clique; dissension
  • factious :: inclined to form factions; causing dissension
  • factitious :: artificial; sham
  • factotum :: handyman; person who does all kinds of work
  • fain :: gladly
  • fallacious :: misleading
  • fallible :: liable to err
  • fallow :: plowed but not sowed; uncultivated
  • fanaticism :: excessive zeal
  • fancied :: imagined; unreal
  • fancier :: breeder or dealer of animals
  • fanciful :: whimsical; visionary
  • fanciful; mystical
  • fanfare :: call by bugles or trumpets
  • fantastic :: unreal; grotesque; whimsical
  • fastidious :: difficult to please; squeamish
  • fatalism :: belief that events are determined by forces beyond one’s control
  • fatuous :: foolish; inane
  • fauna :: animals of a period or region
  • faux pas :: an error or slip in manners or behavior
  • fawning :: courting favor by cringing and flattering
  • fealty :: loyalty; faithfulness
  • feasible :: practical
  • febrile :: feverish
  • fecundity :: fertility; fruitfulness
  • feeling such as pain, disgust, etc.
  • feign :: pretend
  • feint :: trick; shift; sham blow
  • felicitous :: apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
  • fell :: cruel; deadly
  • ferment :: agitation; commotion
  • ferret :: drive or hunt out of hiding
  • fervent :: ardent; hot
  • fervid :: ardent
  • fervor :: glowing ardor
  • fester :: generate pus
  • fete :: honor at a festival
  • fetid :: malodorous
  • fetish :: object supposed to possess magical powers; an object of special devoti
  • fetter :: shackle
  • fiasco :: total failure
  • fiat :: command
  • fickle :: changeable; faithless
  • fictitious :: imaginary
  • fidelity :: loyalty
  • fiduciary :: pertaining to a position of trust
  • figment :: invention; imaginary thing
  • filch :: steal
  • filial :: pertaining to a son daughter
  • finale :: conclusion
  • finesse :: delicate skill
  • finicky :: too particular; fussy
  • finite :: limited
  • fissure :: crevice
  • fitful :: spasmodic; intermittent
  • flaccid :: flabby
  • flagellate :: flog; whip
  • flagging :: weak; drooping
  • flagrant :: conspicuously wicked
  • flail :: thresh grain by hand; strike or slap
  • flair :: talent
  • flamboyant :: ornate
  • flaunt :: display ostentatiously
  • flay :: strip off skin; plunder
  • fleck :: spot
  • fledgling :: inexperienced
  • flick :: light stroke as with a whip
  • flight from Mecca the Medina
  • flinch :: hesitate; shrink
  • flippancy :: trifling gaiety
  • floe :: mass of floating ice
  • flora :: plants of a region or era
  • florid :: flowery; ruddy
  • flotilla :: small fleet
  • flotsam :: drifting wreckage
  • flout :: reject; mock
  • fluctuation :: wavering
  • fluency :: smoothness of speech
  • fluster :: confuse
  • fluted :: having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar)
  • flux :: flowing; series of changes
  • foible :: weakness; slight fault
  • foist :: insert improperly; palm off
  • foment :: stir up; instigate
  • foolhardy :: rash
  • foppish :: vain about dress and appearance
  • foray :: raid
  • forbearance :: patience
  • foreboding :: premonition of evil
  • forensic :: suitable to debate or courts of law
  • formidable :: menacing; threatening
  • forte :: strong point of special talent
  • fortitude :: bravery; courage
  • fortuitous :: accidental; by chance
  • foster :: rear; encourage
  • fracas :: brawl; melee
  • fractious :: unruly
  • frailty :: weakness
  • franchise :: right granted by authority
  • frantic :: wild
  • fraudulent :: cheating; deceitful
  • fraught :: filled
  • fray :: brawl
  • freebooter :: buccaneer
  • frenetic :: frenzied; frantic
  • frenzied :: madly excited
  • fresco :: painting on plaster (usually fresh)
  • freshet :: sudden flood
  • friction :: clash in opinion; rubbing against
  • frieze :: ornamental band on a wall
  • frigid :: intensely cold
  • fritter :: waste
  • frolicsome :: prankish; gay
  • frond :: fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
  • froward :: disobedient; perverse; stubborn
  • frowzy :: slovenly; unkempt; dirty
  • fructify :: bear fruit
  • frugality :: thrift
  • fruition :: bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization
  • frustrate :: thwart; defeat
  • fulcrum :: support on which a lever rests
  • fulgent :: beaming; radiant
  • fulminate :: thunder; explode
  • fulsome :: disgustingly excessive
  • functionary :: official
  • funereal :: sad; solemn
  • furor :: frenzy; great excitement
  • furtive :: stealthy
  • fusion :: union; coalition
  • fustian :: pompous; bombastic

  • gadfly :: animal-biting fly; an irritating person
  • gaff :: hook; barbed fishing spear
  • gainsay :: deny
  • galaxy :: the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities
  • galleon :: large sailing ship
  • galvanize :: stimulate by shock; stir up
  • gambol :: skip; leap playfully
  • gamester :: gambler
  • gamibit :: opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed
  • gamut :: entire range
  • gape :: open widely
  • garbled :: mixed up; based on false or unfair selection
  • gargoyle :: waterspout carved in
  • garish :: gaudy
  • garner :: gather; store up
  • garnish :: decorate
  • garrulity :: talkativeness
  • garrulous :: loquacious; wordy
  • gasconade :: bluster; boastfulness
  • gastronomy :: science of preparing and
  • gauche :: clumsy; boorish
  • gauntlet :: leather glove
  • gazette :: official periodical publication
  • genealogy :: record of descent; lineage
  • generality :: vague statement
  • generic :: characteristic of a class or species
  • geniality :: cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy
  • genre :: style of art illustrating scenes of common life
  • genteel :: well-bred; elegant
  • gentility :: those of gentle birth; refinement
  • gentry :: people of standing; class of people just below nobility
  • genuflect :: bend the knee as in worship
  • germane :: pertinent; bearing upon the case at hand
  • germinal :: pertaining to a germ; creative
  • germinate :: cause to sprout; sprout
  • gerrymander :: change voting district lines in order to favor a political party
  • gestate :: evolve, as in prenatal growth
  • gesticulation :: motion; gesture
  • ghastly :: horrible
  • gibber :: speak foolishly
  • gibbet :: gallows
  • gibe :: mock
  • gig :: two-wheeled carriage
  • gist :: essence
  • glaze :: cover with a thin and shiny
  • glean :: gather leavings
  • glib :: fluent
  • gloaming :: twilight
  • gloat :: express evil satisfaction; view malevolently
  • glossary :: brief explanation of words used in the text
  • glossy :: smooth and shining
  • glut :: overstock; fill to excess
  • glutinous :: sticky; viscous
  • gluttonous :: greedy for food
  • gnarled :: twisted
  • gnome :: dwarf; underground spirit
  • goad :: urge on
  • gorge :: stuff oneself
  • gory :: bloody
  • gossamer :: sheer; like cobwebs
  • gouge :: tear out
  • gourmand :: epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
  • gratuity :: tip
  • grimace :: a facial distortion to show
  • grotesque figures on building
  • grovel :: crawl or creep on ground; remain prostrate

  • hackles :: hairs on back and neck of a dog
  • harrow :: break up ground after plowing; torture
  • harry :: raid
  • haughtiness :: pride; arrogance
  • hauteur :: haughtiness
  • hawser :: large rope
  • hazardous :: dangerous
  • hazy :: slightly obscure
  • hedonism :: belief that pleasure is the sole aim in life
  • heedless :: not noticing; disregarding
  • hegira :: flight, especially Mohammed’s
  • heinous :: atrocious; hatefully bad
  • heresy :: opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted relig
  • heretic :: person who maintains opinions contrary to the doctrines of the church
  • hermetically :: sealed by fusion so as to be airtight
  • hermitage :: home of hermit
  • heterogeneous :: dissimilar
  • hew :: cut to pieces with ax or sword
  • hiatus :: gap; pause
  • hibernal :: wintry
  • hibernate :: sleep throughout the winter
  • hierarchy :: body divided into ranks
  • hieroglyphic :: picture writing
  • hilarity :: boisterous mirth
  • hindmost :: furthest behind
  • hireling :: one who serves for hire (usually contemptuously)
  • hirsute :: hairy
  • histrionic :: theatrical
  • hoary :: white with age
  • hoax :: trick; practical joke
  • hogshead :: large barrel
  • holocaust :: destruction by fire
  • holster :: pistol case
  • homespun :: domestic; made at home
  • homily :: sermon; serious warning
  • homogeneous :: of the same kind
  • hoodwink :: deceive; delude
  • hortatory :: encouraging
  • horticultural :: pertaining to cultivation of gardens
  • hostelry :: inn
  • hoyden :: boisterous girl
  • hubbub :: confused uproar
  • humane :: kind
  • humdrum :: dull; monotonous
  • humid :: damp
  • humility :: humbleness of spirit
  • hummock :: small hill
  • humus :: substance formed by decaying vegetable matter
  • husbandry :: frugality; thrift; agriculture
  • hustings :: meetings particularly to choose candidates
  • hybrid :: mongrel; mixed breed
  • hyperbole :: exaggeration; overstatement
  • hyperborean :: situated in extreme north; arctic; cold
  • hypercritical :: excessively exacting
  • hypochondriac :: person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about il
  • hypocritical :: pretending to be virtuous; deceiving
  • hypothecate :: mortgage; pledge as security
  • hypothetical :: based on assumptions or hypotheses

In each of the questions, four different ways of presenting an idea are given. Choose the one that conforms most closely to Standard English usage


Q. A. The running of large businesses consist of getting somebody to make something that somebody else sold to somebody else for more than its cost.
B. The running of a large business consists of getting somebody to make something that somebody else will sell to somebody else for more than it costs.
C. The running of a large business consists of getting somebody to sell something that somebody else made for more than it cost.
D. The running of large businesses consist of getting somebody to make something else that somebody else will sell to somebody else for more than it costs


  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Ans . B


Q. A. From the sixteenth century onwards, people started feeling disdainful and self-conscious about their body and its products that led to a heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulations.
B. The heightened focus on controlling the body and emotions comes from disdain and selfconsciousness about the body and its products, found in the sixteenth century.
C. From the sixteenth century onwards, a growing disdain for and self-consciousness about the body and its products took hold, leading to a heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulation.
D. The heightened focus on emotional and bodily regulations started from the sixteenth century onwards, when people felt disdain and self-consciousness about the body and its products.


  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Ans . C


Q. A. We are forced to fall back on fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.
B. We are forced to falling back on the fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.
C. We are forced to fall back on fatalism as explanations of irrational events.
D. We are forced to fall back to fatalism as an explanation of irrational events.


  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Ans . A


Q. A. Creativity in any field is regarded not only as valuable for itself but also as a service to the nation.
B. Creativity in any field is not regarded only as valuable on its own, but also as a service to the nation.
C. Creativity, in any field, is not only regarded as valuable, but also as a service to the nation.
D. Creativity in any field is regarded not only as valuable in itself but also as a service to the nation.


  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Ans . D


Q. A. If precision of thought had facilitated precision of behaviour, and if reflection had preceded action, it would be ideal for humans.
B. It would be ideal for humans if reflection preceded action and precision of thought facilitated precision of behaviour.
C. It would be ideal for humans if precedence of reflection was followed by action and precision of thought, by precise behaviour.
D. It would have been ideal for humans, if precise action and behaviour preceded precise reflection.


  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Ans . B


The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.


Q. A. A few months ago I went to Princeton University to see what the young people who are going to be running our country in a few decades are like.
B. I would go to sleep in my hotel room around midnight each night, and when I awoke, my mailbox would be full of replies—sent at 1:15 a.m., 2:59 a.m., 3:23 a.m.
C. One senior told me that she went to bed around two and woke up each morning at seven; she could afford that much rest because she had learned to supplement her full day of work by studying in her sleep.
D. Faculty members gave me the names of a few dozen articulate students, and I sent them emails, inviting them out to lunch or dinner in small groups.
E. As she was falling asleep she would recite a math problem or a paper topic to herself; she would then sometimes dream about it, and when she woke up, the problem might be solved.


  1. DABCE

  2. DACEB

  3. ADBCE

  4. AECBD


Ans . C


Q. A. Four days later, Oracle announced its own bid for PeopleSoft, and invited the firm’s board to a discussion.
B. Furious that his own plans had been endangered, PeopleSoft’s boss, Craig Conway, called Oracle’s offer “diabolical”, and its boss, Larry Ellison, a “sociopath”.
C. In early June, PeopleSoft said that it would buy J.D. Edwards, a smaller rival.
D. Moreover, said Mr. Conway, he “could imagine no price nor combination of price and other conditions to recommend accepting the offer.”
E. On June 12th, PeopleSoft turned Oracle down.


  1. CABDE

  2. CADBE

  3. CEDAB

  4. CAEBD


Ans . A


Q. A. Surrendered, or captured, combatants cannot be incarcerated in razor wire cages; this ‘war’ has a dubious legality.
B. How can then one characterize a conflict to be waged against a phenomenon as war?
C. The phrase ‘war against terror’, which has passed into the common lexicon, is a huge misnomer.
D. Besides, war has a juridical meaning in international law, which has codified the laws of war, imbuing them with a humanitarian content.
E. Terror is a phenomenon, not an entity—either State or non-State.


  1. ECDBA

  2. BECDA

  3. EBCAD

  4. CEBDA


Ans . D


Q. A. I am much more intolerant of a human being’s shortcomings than I am of an animal’s, but in this respect I have been lucky, for most of the people I have come across have been charming.
B. Then you come across the unpleasant human animal—the District Officer who drawled, ‘We chaps are here to help you chaps,’ and then proceeded to be as obstructive as possible.
C. In these cases of course, the fact that you are an animal collector helps; people always seem delighted to meet someone with such an unusual occupation and go out of their way to assist you.
D. Fortunately, these types are rare, and the pleasant ones I have met more than compensated for them—but even so, I think I will stick to animals.
E. When you travel round the world collecting animals you also, of necessity, collect human beings.


  1. EACBD

  2. ABDCE

  3. ECBDA

  4. ACBDE


Ans . A


Q. A. To avoid this, the QWERTY layout put the keys most likely to be hit in rapid succession on opposite sides. This made the keyboard slow, the story goes, but that was the idea.
B. A different layout, which had been patented by August Dvorak in 1936, was shown to be much faster.
C. The QWERTY design (patented by Christopher Sholes in 1868 and sold to Remington in 1873) aimed to solve a mechanical problem of early typewriters.
D. Yet the Dvorak layout has never been widely adopted, even though (with electric typewriters and then PCs) the anti-jamming rational for QWERTY has been defunct for years.
E. When certain combinations of keys were struck quickly, the type bars often jammed.


  1. BDACE

  2. CEABD

  3. BCDEA

  4. CAEBD


Ans . B


Word at the top of the table is used in four different ways, numbered 1 to 4 Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE.


Q. Bundle


  1. The newborn baby was a bundle of joy for the family.

  2. Mobile operators are offering a bundle of additional benefits

  3. He made a bundle in the share market.

  4. It was sheer luck that brought a bundle of boy-scouts to where I was lying wounded.


Ans . D


Q. Distinct


  1. He is distinct about what is right and what is wrong.

  2. Mars became distinct on the horizon in the month of August.

  3. The distinct strains of Ravi’s violin could be heard above the general din

  4. Ghoshbabu’s is a distinct case of water rising above its own level.


Ans . A


Q. Implication


  1. Everyone appreciated the headmaster’s implication in raising flood relief in the village.

  2. This letter will lead to the implication of several industrialists in the market scam

  3. Several members of the audience missed the implication of the minister’s promise.

  4. Death, by implication, is the only solution the poem offers the reader


Ans . A


Q. Host


  1. If you host the party, who will foot the bill?

  2. Kerala’s forests are host to a range of snakes

  3. Ranchi will play the host to the next national film festival.

  4. A virus has infected the host computer.


Ans . C


Q. Sort


  1. What sort of cheese do you use in pizza?

  2. Farmers of all sort attended the rally.

  3. They serve tea of a sort on these trains.

  4. Let’s sort these boys into four groups.


Ans . B


There are two gaps in each of the following sentences. From the pairs of words given, choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately. The first word in the pair should fill the first gap.


Q. The British retailer, M&S, today formally ______ defeat in its attempt to _____ King’s, its US subsidiary, since no potential purchasers were ready to cough up the necessary cash.


  1. admitted, acquire

  2. conceded, offload

  3. announced, dispose

  4. ratified, auction


Ans . B


Q. Early ______ of maladjustment to college culture is _______ by the tendency to develop friendship networks outside college which mask signals of maladjustment.


  1. treatment, compounded

  2. detection, facilitated

  3. identification, complicated

  4. prevention, helped


Ans . C


Q. The ______ regions of Spain all have unique cultures, but the _______ views within each region make the issue of an acceptable common language of instruction an even more contentious one.


  1. different, discrete

  2. distinct, disparate

  3. divergent, distinct

  4. different, competing


Ans . A


Q. A growing number of these expert professionals _____ having to train foreigners as the students end up _____ the teachers who have to then unhappily contend with no jobs at all or new jobs with drastically reduced pay packets.


  1. resent, replacing

  2. resist, challenging

  3. welcome, assisting

  4. are, supplanting


Ans . A


Q. Companies that try to improve employees’ performance by _____ rewards encourage negative kinds of behavior instead of _____ a genuine interest in doing the work well.


  1. giving, seeking

  2. bestowing, discouraging

  3. conferring, discrediting

  4. withholding, fostering


Ans . D



“Between the year 1946 and the year 1955, I did not file any income tax returns.” With that [74] statement, Ramesh embarked on an account of his encounter with the income tax department. “ I originally owed Rs. 20,000 in unpaid taxes. With [75] and [76], the 20,000 became 60,000. The Income tax Department then went into action, and I learned first hand just how much power the Tax Department wields. Royalties and trust funds can be [77]; automobiles may be [78], and auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the [79] until the case is settled.”


Q. In place of [74] we can have


  1. devious

  2. blunt

  3. tactful

  4. pretentious


Ans . B


Q. In place of [75] we can have


  1. interest

  2. taxes

  3. principal

  4. returns


Ans . A


Q. In place of [76] we can have


  1. sanctions

  2. refunds

  3. fees

  4. fines


Ans . D


Q. In place of [77] we can have


  1. closed

  2. detached

  3. attached

  4. impounded


Ans . C


Q. In place of [78] we can have


  1. smashed

  2. seized

  3. dismantled

  4. frozen


Ans . B


Q. In place of [79] we can have


  1. purchaser

  2. victim

  3. investor

  4. offender


Ans . D



At that time the white house was as serene as a resort hotel out of season. The corridors were [80]. In the various offices, [81] gray men in waistcoats talked to one another in low-pitched voices. The only color, or choler, curiously enough, was provided by President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his [82] was easily set off; he scowled when he [83] the corridors


Q. In place of [80] we can have


  1. striking

  2. hollow

  3. empty

  4. white


Ans . C


Q. In place of [81] we can have


  1. quiet

  2. Faded

  3. loud

  4. stentorian


Ans . A


Q. In place of [82] we can have


  1. laughter

  2. curiously

  3. humour

  4. temper


Ans . D


Q. In place of [83] we can have


  1. paced

  2. strolled

  3. stormed

  4. prowled


Ans . A



Q. A. It was a tough situation and Manasi was taking pains to make it better.
B. Slowly her efforts gave fruit and things started improving.
C. Everyone complemented her for her good work.
D. She was very happy and thanked everyone


  1. A

  2. D

  3. B and C

  4. A and C


Ans . C

Q. A. Harish told Raj to plead guilty.
B. Raj pleaded guilty of stealing money from the shop.
C. The court found Raj guilty of all the crimes he was charged with.
D. He was sentenced for three years in jail


  1. A and C

  2. B and D

  3. A, C, and D

  4. B, C, and D


Ans . B

Q. A. Last Sunday, Archana had nothing to do.
B. After waking up, she lay on the bed thinking of what to do.
C. At 11 o’ clock she took shower and got ready.
D. She spent most of the day shopping


  1. B and C

  2. C

  3. A and B

  4. B, C, and D


Ans . A



Q. Many people suggest ___ and still other would like to convince people not to buy pirated cassettes.


  1. to bring down audiocassette prices to reduce the incidence of music piracy, others advocate strong legal action against the offenders

  2. bringing down audiocassette prices to reduce the incidents of music piracy, others are advocating strong legal action against offenders,

  3. bringing down audiocassette prices to reduce the incidents of music piracy, others advocate strong legal action against offenders

  4. audiocassette prices to be brought down to reduce incidents of music piracy, others advocate that strong legal action must be taken against offenders,


Ans . C

Q. The ancient Egyptians believed ___ so that when these objects were magically reanimated through the correct rituals, they would be able to function effectively


  1. that it was essential that things they portrayed must have every relevant feature shown as clearly as possible

  2. it was essential for things they portray to have had every relevant feature shown as clearly as possible,

  3. it was essential that the things they portrayed had every relevant feature shown as clearly as possible.

  4. that when they portrayed things, it should have every relevant feature shown as clearly as possible


Ans . C

Q. Archaeologists believe that the pieces of red – ware pottery excavated recently near Bhavnagar and ___ shed light on a hitherto dark 600-year period in the Harappan history of Gujarat.


  1. estimated with a reasonable certainty as being about 3400 years old,

  2. are estimated reasonably certain to be about 3400 years old

  3. estimated at about 3400 years old with reasonable certainty

  4. estimated with reasonable certainty to be about 3400 years old


Ans . D

Q. A. Similarly, turning to caste, even though being lower caste is undoubtedly a separate cause of disparity, its impact is all the greater when the lower-caste families also happen to be poor.
B. Belonging to a privileged class can help a woman to overcome many barriers that obstruct women from less thriving classes.
C. It is the interactive presence of these two kinds of deprivation – being low class and being female – that massively impoverishes women from the less privileged classes.
D. A congruence of class deprivation and gender discrimination can blight the lives of poorer women very severely.
E. Gender is certainly a contributor to societal inequality, but it does not act independently of class.


  1. EABDC

  2. EBDCA

  3. DAEBC

  4. BECDA


Ans . B

Q. A. What identity is thus ‘defined by contrast’, divergence with the West becomes central.
B. Indian religious literature such as the Bhagavad Gita or the Tantric texts, which are identified as differing from secular writings seen as ‘western’, elicits much greater interest in the West than do other Indian writings, including India’s long history of heterodoxy.
C. There is a similar neglect of Indian writing on non-religious subjects, from mathematics, epistemology and natural science to economics and linguistics.
D. Through selective emphasis that point up differences with the West, other civilizations can, in this way, be redefined in alien terms, which can be exotic and charming, or else bizarre and terrifying, or simply strange and engaging.
E. The exception is the Kamasutra in which western readers have managed to cultivate an interest.


  1. BDACE

  2. DEABC

  3. BDECA

  4. BCEDA


Ans . D

Q. A. This is now orthodoxy to which I subscribe – up to a point.
B. It emerged from the mathematics of chance and statistics.
C. Therefore the risk is measurable and manageable.
D. The fundamental concept: Prices are not predictable, but the mathematical laws of chance can describe their fluctuations.
E. This is how what business schools now call modern finance was born


  1. ADCBE

  2. EBDCA

  3. ABDCE

  4. DCBEA


Ans . B



Q. Near


  1. I got there just after you left – a near miss!

  2. She and her near friend left early.

  3. The war led to a near doubling of oil prices.

  4. They came near to tears seeing the plight of the victims.


Ans . B

Q. Hand


  1. I have my hand full, I cannot do it today.

  2. The minister visited the jail to see the breach at first hand.

  3. The situation is getting out of hand here!

  4. When the roof of my house was blown away, he was willing to lend me a hand.


Ans . A

Q. For


  1. He has a great eye for detail.

  2. We are waiting for the day.

  3. I can’t bear for her to be angry.

  4. It couldn’t be done for ever.


Ans . C

Q. The audiences for crosswords and sudoku, understandably, overlap greatly, but there are differences, too. A crossword attracts a more literary person, while sudoku appeals to a keenly logical mind. Some crossword enthusiasts turn up their noses at sudoku because they feel it lacks depth. A good crossword requires vocabulary, knowledge, mental flexibility and sometimes even a sense of humor to complete. It touches numerous areas of life and provides an “Aha!” or two along the way. __________


  1. Sudoku, on the other hand, is just a logical exercise, each one similar to the last.

  2. Sudoku, incidentally, is growing faster in popularity than crosswords, even among the literati.

  3. Sudoku, on the other hand, can be attempted and enjoyed even by children.

  4. Sudoku, however, is not exciting in any sense of the term.


Ans . A

Q. Most firms consider expert individuals to be too elitist, temperamental, egocentric, and difficult to work with. Force such people to collaborate on a high-stakes project and they just might come to fisticuffs. Even the very notion of managing such a group seems unimaginable. So most organizations fall into default mode, setting up project teams of people who get along nicely. __________


  1. The result, however, is disastrous

  2. The result is mediocrity

  3. The result is creation of experts who then become elitist.

  4. Naturally, they drive innovations.


Ans . B

Q. Federer’s fifth grand slam win prompted a reporter to ask whether he was the best ever. Federer is certainly not lacking in confidence, but he wasn’t about to proclaim himself the best ever. “The best player of this generation, yes”, he said. “But nowhere close to ever. Just look at the records that some guys have. I’m a minnow.” __________


  1. His win against Agassi, a genius from the previous generation, contradicts that

  2. Sampras, the king of an earlier generation, was as humble.

  3. He is more than a minnow to his contemporaries.

  4. The difference between ‘the best of this generation’ and ‘the best ever’ is a matter of perception.


Ans . C

Q. Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization’s long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed. __________


  1. One would be wise to be humble

  2. But we might be the first generation to actually reach the frontier.

  3. But we might be the first generation to deal with the crisis.

  4. However, this time the success is not illusory.


Ans . A

Q. A. When virtuoso teams begin their work, individuals are in and group consensus is out.
B. As project progresses, however, the individual stars harness themselves to the product of the group.
C. Sooner or later, the members break through their own egocentrism and become a plurality with single-minded focus on the goal.
D. In short, they morph into a powerful team with a shared identity.


  1. A&C

  2. A&D

  3. B&D

  4. A, C&D


Ans . B

Q. A. Large reductions in the ozone layer, which sits about 15-30 km above the Earth, take place each winter over the polar regions, especially the Antarctic, as low temperatures allow the formation of stratospheric clouds that assist chemical reactions breaking down ozone.
B. Industrial chemicals containing chlorine and bromine have been blamed for thinning the layer because they attack the ozone molecules, making them to break apart.
C. Many an offending chemicals have now been banned.
D. It will still take several decades before these substances have disappeared from the atmosphere.


  1. D

  2. B&D

  3. A&D

  4. A&C


Ans . C

Q. A. The balance of power will shift to the East as China and India evolve.
B. Rarely the economic ascent of two still relatively poor nations has been watched with such a mixture of awe, opportunism, and trepidation.
C. Postwar era witnessed economic miracles in Japan and South Korea, but neither was populous enough to power worldwide growth or change the game in a complete spectrum of industries.
D. China and India, by contrast, posses the weight and dynamism to transform the 21 -century global economy.


  1. A, B&C

  2. A&D

  3. C

  4. C&D


Ans . B

Q. A. People have good reason to care about the welfare of animals.
B. Ever since Enlightenment, their treatment has been seen as a measure of mankind’s humanity.
C. It is no coincidence that William Wilberforce and Sir Thomas Foxwell Buxton, two leaders of the movement to abolish the slave trade, helped found the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in 1820s.
D. An increasing number of people go further: mankind has a duty not to cause pain to animals that have the capacity to suffer.


  1. A&D

  2. B

  3. A&C

  4. C&D


Ans . A

Q. Intelligent design derives from an early 19 -century explanation of the natural world given by an English clergyman, William Paley. Paley was the populariser of the famous watchmaker analogy. Proponents of intelligent design are crupping Paley’s argument with a new gloss from molecular biology


  1. destroying

  2. testing

  3. resurrecting

  4. questioning


Ans . C

Q. Women squat, heads covered, beside huge piles of limp fodder and blunk oil lamps, and just about all the cows in the three towns converge upon this spot. Sinners, supplicants and yes, even scallywags hand over a few coins for a crack at redemption and a handful of grass.


  1. shining

  2. bright

  3. sputtering

  4. effulgent


Ans . C

Q. It is klang to a sensitive traveler who walks through this great town, when he sees the streets, the roads and cabin doors crowded with beggars, mostly women, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for alms.


  1. amusing

  2. irritating

  3. disgusting

  4. distressing


Ans . D

Q. Or there is the most fingummy diplomatic note on record: when Philip of Macedon wrote to the Spartans that, if he came within their borders, he would leave not one stone of their city, they wrote back the one word – “If”.


  1. witty

  2. rude

  3. simple

  4. terse


Ans . D