1. abase :: lower: humiliate
  2. abash :: embarrass
  3. abdicate :: renounce: give up
  4. aberration :: wandering or staying away; in optics, failure of rays to focus
  5. abettor :: encourager
  6. abeyance :: suspended action
  7. abhor :: detest
  8. abjure :: renounce upon oath
  9. ablution :: washing
  10. abnegation :: repudiation; self-sacrifice
  11. abominate :: loathe: hate
  12. aboriginal :: being the first of its kind in a region: primitive: native
  13. abortive :: unsuccessful: fruitless
  14. abrade :: wear away by friction: erode
  15. abrogate :: abolish
  16. abscond :: depart secretly and hide
  17. absolve :: pardon an offense
  18. abstemious :: temperate: sparing in drink, etc.
  19. abstinence :: restraint from eating or drinking
  20. abstruse :: obscure: profound: difficult to understand
  21. abut :: border upon; adjoin
  22. abysmal :: bottomless
  23. accede :: agree
  24. accelerate :: move faster
  25. accessory :: additional object: useful but not essential thing

  26. acclimate :: adjust to climate
  27. acclivity :: sharp upslope of a hill
  28. accolade :: award of merit
  29. accomplice :: partner in crime
  30. accord :: agreement
  31. accost :: approach and speak first to a person
  32. accoutre :: equip
  33. accretion :: growth: increase
  34. accrue :: come about by addition
  35. acephalous :: headless
  36. acerbity :: bitterness of speech and temper
  37. acetic :: vinegary
  38. acidulous :: slightly sour: sharp: caustic
  39. acknowledge :: recognize: admit
  40. acme :: top: pinnacle
  41. acoustics :: science of sound: quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
  42. acquiescence :: submission; compliance
  43. acquiescent :: accepting passively
  44. acquittal :: deliverance from a charge
  45. acrid :: sharp: bitterly pungent
  46. acrimonious :: stinging: caustic
  47. actuarial :: calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
  48. actuate :: motivate
  49. acumen :: mental keenness
  50. adage :: wise saying: proverb

  51. adamant :: hard: inflexible
  52. adapt :: alter: modify
  53. addiction :: compulsive, habitual need
  54. addle :: rotten: muddled; crazy
  55. adduce :: present as evidence
  56. adept :: expert at
  57. adhere :: stick fast to
  58. adipose :: fatty
  59. adjunct :: something attached to but holding an inferior position
  60. adjuration :: solemn urging
  61. adjure :: request solemnly
  62. admonish :: warn: reprove
  63. admonition :: warning
  64. adroit :: skillful
  65. adulation :: flattery: admiration
  66. adulterate :: make impure by mixing with baser substances
  67. adulterated :: made impure or spoiled by the addition of inferior materials
  68. adumbration :: foreshadowing: outlining
  69. advent :: arrival
  70. adventitious :: accidental: casual
  71. adverse :: unfavorable: hostile
  72. adversity :: poverty: misfortune
  73. advert :: refer to
  74. advocate :: urge: plead for
  75. aegis :: shield; defense
  76. aeon :: long period of time; an age
  77. aesthetic :: artistic: dealing with or capable off appreciation of the beautiful
  78. affable :: courteous
  79. affected :: artificial: pretended
  80. afferent :: carrying toward the center
  81. affidavit :: written statement made under oath
  82. affiliation :: joining: associating with
  83. affinity :: kinship
  84. affirmation :: solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
  85. afflatus :: inspiration
  86. affluence :: abundance: wealth
  87. affray :: public brawl
  88. agape :: openmouthed
  89. agenda :: items of business at a meeting
  90. agglomeration :: collection: heap
  91. aggrandize :: increase or intensify
  92. aggregate :: sum: total
  93. aghast :: horrified
  94. agility :: nimbleness
  95. agitate :: stir up: disturb
  96. agitation :: strong feeling; excitement
  97. agnostic :: one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god
  98. agrarian :: pertaining to land or its cultivation
  99. agronomist :: scientist engaged in the management of land
  100. alacrity :: cheerful promptness
  101. albeit :: although
  102. alchemy :: medieval chemistry
  103. alias :: an assumed name
  104. alienate :: make hostile: separate
  105. alimentary :: supplying nourishment
  106. alimony :: payment by a husband to his divorced wife
  107. allay :: calm: pacify
  108. allege :: state without proof
  109. allegory :: story in which characters are used as symbols: fable
  110. alleviate :: relieve
  111. alliteration :: repetition of beginning sound in poetry
  112. allocate :: assign
  113. alloy :: a mixture as of metals
  114. allude :: refer indirectly
  115. allusion :: indirect reference
  116. alluvial :: pertaining to soil deposits left by rivers, etc.
  117. aloof :: apart; reserved
  118. altercation :: wordy quarrel
  119. altruism :: unselfish aid to others; generosity
  120. amalgamate :: combine; unite in one body
  121. amass :: collect
  122. amazon :: female warrior
  123. ambiguous :: doubtful in meaning
  124. amble :: move at an easy pace
  125. ambrosia :: food of the gods
  126. ambulatory :: able to walk
  127. ameliorate :: improve
  128. amenable :: readily managed; willing to be led
  129. amenities :: agreeable manners; courtesies
  130. amiable :: agreeable; lovable
  131. amicable :: friendly

  132. amnesia :: loss of memory
  133. amnesty :: pardon
  134. amoral :: nonmoral
  135. amorphous :: shapeless
  136. amortization :: act of reducing a debt through partial payments
  137. amphibian :: able to live both on land in water
  138. amphitheater :: oval building with tiers of seats
  139. ample :: abundant
  140. amplify :: enlarge
  141. amputate :: cut off part of body; prune
  142. amuck :: in a state of rage
  143. amulet :: charm; talisman
  144. anachronism :: an error involving time in a story
  145. analgesic :: causing insensitivity to pain
  146. analogous :: comparable
  147. analogy :: similarity; parallelism
  148. anarchy :: absence of governing body; state of disorder
  149. anathema :: solemn curse
  150. ancestors rather than to parents
  151. ancillary :: serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
  152. andirons :: metal supports in a fireplace for cooking utensils or logs

  153. anemia :: condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles
  154. anesthetic :: substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  155. animadversion :: critical remark
  156. animated :: lively
  157. animosity :: active enmity
  158. animus :: hostile feeling or intent
  159. annals :: records; history
  160. anneal :: reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
  161. annihilate :: destroy
  162. annotate :: comment; make explanatory notes
  163. annuity :: yearly allowance
  164. annul :: make void
  165. anomalous :: abnormal; irregular
  166. anomaly :: irregularity
  167. anonymous :: having no name
  168. antagonism :: active resistance
  169. antediluvian :: antiquated; ancient
  170. anthropoid :: manlike
  171. anthropologist :: a student of the history and science of mankind
  172. anthropomorphic :: having human form or characteristics

  173. anticlimax :: letdown in thought or emotion
  174. antipathy :: aversion; dislike
  175. antiseptic :: substance that prevents infection
  176. antithesis :: contrast; direct opposite of or to
  177. apathetic :: indifferent
  178. aperture :: opening; hole
  179. apex :: tip; summit; climax
  180. aphasia :: loss of speech due to injury
  181. aphorism :: pithy maxim
  182. apiary :: a place where bees are kept
  183. aplomb :: poise
  184. apocalyptic :: prophetic; pertaining to revelations
  185. apocryphal :: not genuine; sham
  186. apogee :: highest point
  187. apologue :: moral fable
  188. apostate :: one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
  189. apothecary :: druggist
  190. apothegm :: pithy, compact saying
  191. apotheosis :: deification; glorification
  192. apparition :: ghost; phantom
  193. appease :: pacify; soothe
  194. appellation :: name; title
  195. append :: attach
  196. apposite :: appropriate; fitting
  197. appraise :: estimate value of
  198. apprehend :: arrest a criminal; dread; perceive
  199. apprehensive :: fearful; discerning
  200. apprise :: inform
  201. appurtenances :: subordinate possessions
  202. apropos :: with reference to; properly
  203. aptitude :: fitness; talent
  204. aquiline :: curved; hooked
  205. arable :: fit for plowing
  206. arbiter :: a person with power to decide a dispute; judge
  207. arbitrary :: fixed or decided; despotic
  208. arcade :: a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
  209. archaeology :: study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
  210. archaic :: antiquated
  211. archetype :: prototype; primitive pattern
  212. archipelago :: group of closely located islands
  213. archives :: public records; place where public records are kept
  214. ardor :: heat; passion; zeal
  215. arduous :: hard; strenuous
  216. argot :: slang
  217. aromatic :: fragrant
  218. arraign :: charge in court; indict
  219. arrant :: thorough; complete; unmitigated
  220. arrogance :: haughtiness
  221. arrogate :: claim without reasonable grounds
  222. arroyo :: gully
  223. artifacts :: products of primitive culture
  224. artifice :: deception; trickery
  225. artisan :: a manually skilled worker
  226. ascertain :: find out for certain
  227. ascetic :: practicing self-denial; austere
  228. asceticism :: doctrine of self-denial
  229. ascribe :: refer; attribute; assign
  230. aseptic :: preventing putrefaction or
  231. ashen :: ash-colored
  232. asinine :: stupid
  233. askance :: with a sideway or indirect look
  234. askew :: crookedly; slanted; at an angle
  235. sperity :: sharpness of temper
  236. aspersion :: slanderous remark
  237. aspirant :: seeker after position or status
  238. spiration :: noble ambition
  239. assail :: assault
  240. assay :: analyze; evaluate
  241. asseverate :: make a positive
  242. assiduous :: diligent
  243. assimilate :: absorb; cause to become homogeneous
  244. assuage :: ease; lessen pain
  245. asteroid :: small planet
  246. astigmatism :: eye defect which prevents proper focus
  247. astral :: relating to the stars
  248. astringent :: binding; causing contraction
  249. astute :: wise; shrewd
  250. atavism :: resemblance to remote
  251. atelier :: workshop; studio
  252. atheistic :: denying the existence of God
  253. athwart :: across; in opposition
  254. atrocity :: brutal deed
  255. atrophy :: wasting away
  256. attenuate :: make thin; weaken
  257. attest :: testify; bear witness
  258. attribute :: essential quality
  259. attrition :: gradual wearing down
  260. atypical :: not normal
  261. audacity :: boldness
  262. audit :: examination of accounts
  263. augment :: increase
  264. augury :: omen; prophecy
  265. aureole :: sun’s corona; halo
  266. auroral :: pertaining to the aurora borealis
  267. auscultation :: act of listening to the heart or lungs to discover abnormalities
  268. auspicious :: favoring success
  269. austere :: strict; stern
  270. austerity :: sternness; severity
  271. authenticate :: prove genuine

  272. autocrat :: monarch with supreme power
  273. automaton :: mechanism which imitates actions of humans
  274. autonomous :: self-governing
  275. autopsy :: examination of a dead body; postmortem
  276. auxiliary :: helper, additional or subsidiary
  277. avarice :: greediness for wealth
  278. avatar :: incarnation
  279. aver :: state confidently
  280. averse :: reluctant
  281. avid :: greedy; eager for
  282. avocation :: secondary or minor occupation
  283. avouch :: affirm; proclaim
  284. avow :: declare openly
  285. avuncular :: like an uncle
  286. awe :: solemn wonder
  287. awry :: distorted; crooked
  288. axiom :: self-evident truth requiring no proof
  289. azure :: sky blue



    1. babble :: chatter idly


    1. bacchanalian :: drunken


    1. badger :: pester; annoy


    1. baffle :: frustrate; perplex


    1. baleful :: deadly; destructive


    1. balk :: foil


    1. balmy :: mild; fragrant


    1. banal :: hackneyed; commonplace; trite


    1. bandanna :: large, bright-colored handkerchief


    1. baneful :: ruinous; poisonous


    1. bantering :: good-natured ridiculing


    1. barb :: sharp projection from fishhook, etc.


    1. baroque :: highly ornate


    1. barrage :: barrier laid down by artillery fire


    1. barrister :: counselor-at-law


    1. barterer :: trader


    1. bassoon :: reed instrument of the woodwind family


    1. bate :: let down; restrain


    1. batten :: grow fat; thrive upon others


    1. bauble :: trinket; trifle


    1. beatific :: giving bliss; blissful


    1. bedizen :: dress with vulgar finery


    1. bedraggle :: wet thoroughly


    1. beguile :: delude; cheat; amuse


    1. beholden :: obligated; indebted


    1. behoove :: suited to; incumbent upon


    1. belabor :: beat soundly; assail verbally


    1. belated :: delayed


    1. beleaguer :: besiege


    1. belittle :: disparage; depreciate


    1. bellicose :: warlike


    1. benediction :: blessing


    1. benefactor :: gift giver; patron


    1. beneficiary :: person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will


    1. benevolent :: generous; charitable


    1. benighted :: overcome by darkness


    1. benign :: kindly; favorable; not malignant


    1. benignity :: state of being kind, benign, gracious


    1. benison :: blessing


    1. berate :: scold strongly


    1. bereavement :: state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved

    1. bereft :: deprived of; lacking


    1. berserk :: frenzied


    1. besmirch :: soil; defile


    1. bestial :: beastlike; brutal


    1. bestow :: confer


    1. bete noire :: aversion; person or thing strongly disliked or avoided


    1. betroth :: become engaged to marry


    1. bicameral :: two-chambered, as a legislative body


    1. biennial :: every two years


    1. bifurcated :: divided into two branches; forked


    1. bigotry :: stubborn intolerance


    1. bilious :: suffering from indigestion; irritable


    1. billingsgate :: vituperation; abusive language


    1. bivouac :: temporary encampment


    1. bizarre :: fantastic; violently contrasting


    1. blanch :: bleach; whiten

    1. bland :: soothing; mild


    1. blandishment :: flattery


    1. blasé :: bored with pleasure or dissipation


    1. blasphemous :: profane; impious


    1. blatant :: loudly offensive


    1. blazon :: decorate with an heraldic coat of arms


    1. bleak :: cold; cheerless


    1. blighted :: suffering from a disease; destroyed


    1. blithe :: gay; joyous


    1. bloated :: swollen or puffed as with water or air


    1. blood poisoning by killing bacteria


    1. bludgeon :: club; heavy-headed weapon


    1. bode :: foreshadow; portend


    1. bogus :: counterfeit; not authentic


    1. boisterous :: violent; rough; noisy


    1. bolster :: support; prop up


    1. bombastic :: pompous; using inflated language


    1. boorish :: rude; clownish


    1. bootless :: useless

    1. bouillon :: clear beef soup


    1. bountiful :: generous; showing bounty


    1. bourgeois :: middle class


    1. bowdlerize :: expurgate


    1. brackish :: somewhat saline


    1. braggadocio :: boasting


    1. bravado :: swagger; assumed air of defiance


    1. brazen :: insolent


    1. brazier :: open pan in which live coals are burned


    1. breach :: breaking of contract or duty; fissure; gap


    1. breviary :: book containing the daily prayers


    1. brevity :: conciseness


    1. brindled :: tawny or grayish with streaks or spots


    1. bristling :: rising like bristles; showing irritation


    1. broach :: open up


    1. brocade :: rich, figured fabric


    1. brochure :: pamphlet

    1. brooch :: ornamental clasp


    1. brusque :: blunt; abrupt


    1. bucolic :: rustic; pastoral


    1. buffoonery :: clowning


    1. bugaboo :: bugbear; object of baseless terror


    1. bullion :: gold and silver in the form of bars


    1. bulwark :: earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends


    1. bumptious :: self-assertive


    1. bungle :: spoil by clumsy behavior


    1. bureaucracy :: government by bureaus


    1. burgeon :: grow forth; send out buds


    1. burlesque :: give an imitation that ridicules


    1. burnish :: make shiny by rubbing; polish


    1. buskin :: thick-soled half boot worn by actors of Greek tragedy


    1. buttress :: support or prop


  1. buxom :: plump; vigorous; jolly




    1. cabal :: small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests


    1. cache :: hiding place


    1. cacophony :: discord


    1. cadaver :: corpse


    1. cadaverous :: like a corpse; pale


    1. cajole :: coax; wheedle


    1. caliber :: ability; capacity


    1. calligraphy :: beautiful writing; excellent penmanship


    1. callous :: hardened; unfeeling


    1. callow :: unfledged; youthful


    1. calorific :: heat-producing


    1. calumniate :: slander


    1. calumny :: malicious misrepresentation; slander


    1. cameo :: shell or jewel carved in relief

    1. canard :: unfounded rumor;


    1. candor :: frankness


    1. canker :: any ulcerous sore; any evil


    1. canny :: shrewd; thrifty


    1. cant :: jargon of thieves; pious phraseology


    1. cantata :: story set to music, to be sung by a chorus


    1. canter :: slow gallop


    1. canto :: division of a long poem


    1. canvass :: determine votes, etc.


    1. capacious :: spacious


    1. caparison :: put showy ornamentation on a horse


    1. caparison :: showy harness or ornamentation for a horse


    1. capillary :: having a very fine bore


    1. capitulate :: surrender


    1. caprice :: whim


    1. capricious :: fickle; incalculable


    1. caption :: title; chapter heading; text under illustration


    1. captious :: faultfinding

    1. carafe :: glass water bottle; decanter


    1. carat :: unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of gold


    1. caricature :: distortion; burlesque


    1. carillon :: a set of bells capable of being played


    1. carmine :: rich red


    1. carnage :: destruction of life


    1. carnal :: fleshly


    1. carnivorous :: meat-eating


    1. carousal :: drunken revel


    1. carping :: finding fault


    1. carrion :: rotting flesh of a dead body


    1. carte blanche :: unlimited authority or freedom


    1. cartographer :: maker of maps or charts


    1. caryatid :: sculptured column of a female figure


    1. cascade :: small waterfall


    1. caste :: one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society


    1. castigate :: punish


    1. casualty :: serious or fatal accident

    1. casuistry :: subtle or sophisticated reasoning resulting in minute distinctions


    1. cataclysm :: deluge; upheaval


    1. catalyst :: agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unchanged


    1. catapult :: slingshot; a hurling machine


    1. catastrophe :: calamity


    1. catechism :: book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer


    1. cathartic :: purgative


    1. catholic :: broadly sympathetic; liberal


    1. caucus :: private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine


    1. caustic :: burning; sarcastically biting


    1. cauterize :: burn with hot iron or caustic


    1. cavalcade :: procession; parade


    1. cavil :: make frivolous objections


    1. cede :: transfer; yield title to


    1. celerity :: speed; rapidity


    1. celestial :: heavenly


    1. celibate :: unmarried; abstaining from sexual intercourse


    1. censor :: overseer of morals; person who reads to eliminate inappropriate remark

    1. censure :: blame; criticize


    1. centaur :: mythical figure, half man and half horse


    1. centigrade :: measure of temperature used widely in Europe


    1. centrifugal :: radiating; departing from the center


    1. centripetal :: tending toward the center


    1. centurion :: Roman army officer


    1. cerebral :: pertaining to the brain of intellect


    1. cerebration :: thought


    1. cessation :: stopping


    1. cession :: yielding to another; ceding


    1. chafe :: warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing


    1. chaffing :: bantering; joking


    1. chagrin :: vexation; disappointment


    1. chalice :: goblet; consecrated cup


    1. chameleon :: lizard that changes color in different situations


    1. champ :: chew noisily


    1. chaotic :: in utter disorder


    1. charisma :: divine gift; great popular charm or appeal of a political leader


    1. charlatan :: quack; pretender to knowledge

    1. chary :: cautiously watchful


    1. chasm :: abyss


    1. chassis :: framework and working parts of an automobile


    1. chaste :: pure


    1. chastise :: punish


    1. chattel :: personal property


    1. chauvinist :: blindly devoted patriot


    1. checkered :: marked by changes in fortune


    1. chicanery :: trickery


    1. chide :: scold


    1. chimerical :: fantastic; highly imaginative


    1. chiromancy :: art of telling fortunes by reading the hand; palmistry


    1. chiropodist :: one who treats disorders of the feet


    1. choleric :: hot-tempered


    1. choreography :: art of dancing


    1. chronic :: long established as a disease


    1. churlish :: boorish; rude


    1. ciliated :: having minute hairs


    1. circlet :: small ring; band


    1. circuitous :: roundabout

    1. circumlocution :: indirect or roundabout expression


    1. circumscribe :: limit; confine


    1. circumspect :: prudent; cautious


    1. circumvent :: outwit; baffle


    1. citadel :: fortress


    1. cite :: quote; commend


    1. clairvoyant :: fortuneteller


    1. clairvoyant :: having foresight


    1. clamber :: climb by crawling


    1. clandestine :: secret


    1. clarion :: shrill trumpetlike sound


    1. claustrophobia :: fear of being locked in


    1. clavicle :: collarbone


    1. cleave :: split asunder


    1. cleft :: split


    1. clemency :: disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather


    1. cliché :: phrase dulled in meaning by repetition


    1. climactic :: relating to the highest point


    1. clique :: small exclusive group


    1. cloister :: monastery or convent


    1. coadjutor :: assistant; colleague


    1. coalesce :: combine; fuse

    1. cockade :: decoration worn on hat


    1. codicil :: supplement to the body of a will


    1. coerce :: force; repress


    1. cog :: tooth projecting from a wheel


    1. cogent :: convincing


    1. cogitate :: think over


    1. cognate :: allied by blood; of the same or kindred nature


    1. cognizance :: knowledge


    1. cognomen :: family name


    1. cohere :: stick together


    1. cohesion :: force which keeps parts together


    1. cohorts :: armed band


    1. coincident :: occurring at the same time


    1. colander :: utensil with perforated bottom used for straining


    1. collaborate :: work together


    1. collate :: examine in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order


    1. collateral :: security given for loan


    1. collation :: a light meal

    1. collier :: worker in coal mine; ship carrying coal


    1. colloquial :: pertaining to conversational or common speech


    1. colloquy :: informal discussion


    1. collusion :: conspiring in a fraudulent scheme


    1. colossal :: huge


    1. comatose :: in a coma; extremely sleepy


    1. combustible :: easily burned


    1. comely :: attractive; agreeable


    1. comestible :: something fit to be eaten


    1. comity :: courtesy; civility


    1. commandeer :: to draft for military


    1. commensurate :: equal in extent


    1. commiserate :: feel or express pity or sympathy for


    1. commodious :: spacious and comfortable


    1. compact :: agreement; contract


    1. compatible :: harmonious; in harmony with


    1. compendium :: brief comprehensive summary

    1. compilation :: listing of statistical


    1. complacent :: self-satisfied


    1. complaisant :: trying to please; obliging


    1. complement :: that which completes


    1. compliant :: yielding


    1. complicity :: participation; involvement


    1. comport :: bear one’s self; behave


    1. compromise :: adjust; endanger the interests or reputation of


    1. compunction :: remorse


    1. compute :: reckon; calculate


    1. concatenate :: link as in a chain


    1. conceal the truth


    1. concentric :: having a common center


    1. conception :: beginning; forming of an idea


    1. conch :: large seashell


    1. conciliate :: pacify; win over


    1. concise :: brief and compact


    1. conclave :: private meeting


    1. concoct :: prepare by combining; make up in concert

    1. concomitant :: that which accompanies


    1. concordat :: agreement, usually between the papal authority and the secular


    1. concurrent :: happening at the same time


    1. condescend :: bestow courtesies with a superior air


    1. condign :: adequate; deservedly severe


    1. condiments :: seasonings; spices


    1. condole :: express sympathetic sorrow


    1. condone :: overlook; forgive


    1. conduit :: aqueduct; passageway for fluids


    1. confiscate :: seize; commandeer


    1. conformity :: harmony; agreement


    1. congeal :: freeze; coagulate


    1. congenital :: existing at birth


    1. conglomeration :: mass of material sticking together


    1. congruence :: correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship


    1. conifer :: pine tree; cone-bearing tree


    1. conjecture :: surmise; guess


    1. conjugal :: pertaining to marriage


    1. connivance :: pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance


    1. connoisseur :: person competent to act as a judge of art, etc; a lover of an art


    1. connotation :: suggested or implied meaning of an expression


    1. connubial :: pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state


    1. consanguinity :: kinship


    1. consecrate :: dedicate; sanctify


    1. consensus :: general agreement

    1. consort :: associate with


    1. constraint :: compulsion; repression of feelings


    1. construe :: explain; interpret


    1. consummate :: complete


    1. contaminate :: pollute


    1. contemn :: regard with contempt; disregard


    1. contentious :: quarrelsome


    1. context :: writings preceding and following the passage quoted


    1. contiguous :: adjacent to; touching upon


    1. continence :: self-restraint; sexual chastity


    1. contingent :: conditional


    1. contortions :: twistings; distortions


    1. contraband :: illegal trade; smuggling


    1. contravene :: contradict; infringe on


    1. contrite :: penitent


    1. controvert :: oppose with arguments; contradict


    1. contumacious :: disobedient; resisting authority


    1. contumely :: scornful insolence; insult


    1. contusion :: bruise


    1. convene :: assemble


    1. conversant :: familiar with


    1. conveyance :: vehicle; transfer


    1. convivial :: festive; gay; characterized by joviality


    1. convoke :: call together


    1. convoluted :: coiled around; involved;intricate


    1. copious :: plentiful


    1. coquette :: flirt


    1. cordon :: extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress


    1. cormorant :: greedy, rapacious bird


    1. cornice :: projecting molding on building usually above columns


    1. corporeal :: bodily; material


    1. corpulent :: very fat


    1. correlation :: mutual relationship


    1. corroborate :: confirm


    1. corrosive :: eating away by chemicals or disease

    1. corsair :: pirate; pirate ship


    1. cortege :: procession


    1. coruscate :: glitter; scintillate


    1. cosmic :: pertaining to the universe; vast


    1. coterie :: group that meets socially; select circle


    1. countermand :: cancel; revoke


    1. counterpart :: a thing that completes another; things very much alike


    1. covenant :: agreement


    1. covert :: secret; hidden; implied


    1. covetous :: avaricious; eagerly desirous of


    1. cower :: shrink quivering, as from fear


    1. coy :: shy; modest; coquettish


    1. cozen :: cheat; hoodwink; swindle


    1. crabbed :: sour; peevish


    1. crass :: very unrefined; grossly insensible


    1. craven :: cowardly


    1. credence :: belief


    1. credo :: creed


    1. credulity :: belief on slight evidence


    1. creed :: system of religious or ethical belief


    1. crepuscular :: pertaining to twilight

    1. crescendo :: increase in the volume of sound in a musical passage


    1. crestfallen :: dejected; dispirited


    1. crevice :: crack; fissure


    1. criterion :: standard used in judging


    1. crone :: hag


    1. crotchety :: eccentric; whimsical


    1. cruet :: small glass bottle for vinegar, oil, etc.


    1. crux :: crucial point


    1. crypt :: secret recess or vault, usually used for burial


    1. cryptic :: mysterious; hidden; secret


    1. cubicle :: small chamber used for sleeping


    1. cuisine :: style of cooking


    1. cul-de-sac :: blind alley; trap


    1. culinary :: relating to cooking


    1. cull :: pick out; reject


    1. culmination :: attainment of highest point


    1. culpable :: deserving blame


    1. culvert :: artificial channel for water


    1. cupidity :: greed


    1. curator :: superintendent; manager


    1. curmudgeon :: churlish, miserly individual


    1. curry :: dress; treat leather; seek favor


    1. cursive :: flowing, running


    1. cursory :: casual; hastily done


    1. curtail :: shorten; reduce


    1. cynic :: one who is skeptical or distrustful of human motives


  1. cynosure :: the object of general attention

CAT Questions for Practice

Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. authority
  2. cruel
  3. kind
  4. loyal




Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. revenue
  2. income
  3. expenditure
  4. receivables



Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. courage
  2. strength
  3. valour
  4. warrior




Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. democracy
  2. voting
  3. monarchy
  4. dictatorship




Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. Gold medalist
  2. Athlete
  3. Olympic Champion
  4. Record holder



Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. Managers use their authority.
  2. Scientists use their logical abilities.
  3. Artists use their creative abilities
  4. Engineers use their technical skills.




Q.Each of these questions has four items. You are required to select that item which does not belong to the group


  1. Air travel is expensive.
  2. Most people travel to Australia by air.
  3. Businessmen travel a lot by air.
  4. Aeroplanes are expensive.




Each question has a pair of CAPITALIZED words followed by four pairs of words. Choose the pair of words which best expresses the relationship similar to that expressed in the capitalized pair.



  1. rain : flood
  2. light : switch
  3. novel : author
  4. song : music






  1. pen : ink
  2. car : chassis
  3. cabin : log
  4. arm : body





  1. line : segment
  2. part : whole
  3. percent : fraction
  4. small : big






  1. grass : green
  2. child : family
  3. bald : hair
  4. horse : jockey






  1. rayon : silk
  2. plastic : rubber
  3. winter : spring
  4. cotton : terylene






  1. policeman : criminal
  2. dentist : drill
  3. politician : electorate
  4. teacher : ignorance






  1. zoology : animal
  2. stars : galaxy
  3. archeology : antiquity
  4. plants : botany





  1. sleep : weariness
  2. night : slumber
  3. dream : sleep
  4. thirst : drink






  1. knife : sword
  2. door : window
  3. mountain : molehill
  4. cannon : gun






  1. lime : cement
  2. highway : asphalt
  3. river : bridge
  4. vehicle : road




CAT Questions for practice

Q. In each of the three questions, a sentence has been divided into four parts and marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts contains a mistake in grammar, idiom or syntax. Identify that part and mark it as the answer.


  1. Pakistan was the team
  2. whom most people thought
  3. would win the World Cup
  4. held in 1987.




Q. In each of the three questions, a sentence has been divided into four parts and marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts contains a mistake in grammar, idiom or syntax. Identify that part and mark it as the answer.


  1. When you turn to your right,
  2. you will find a big house
  3. with a beautiful garden on the front side of it
  4. and that is my residence.



Q. In each of the three questions, a sentence has been divided into four parts and marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts contains a mistake in grammar, idiom or syntax. Identify that part and mark it as the answer.


  1. I have been postponing calling
  2. on my friend in the hospital
  3. but I am planning
  4. I would go there tomorrow.




Q. In each of the three questions, a sentence has been divided into four parts and marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts contains a mistake in grammar, idiom or syntax. Identify that part and mark it as the answer.


  1. I wondered who could be calling me at midnight
  2. and when I took the phone
  3. I found it was not other
  4. Than my fiancé from Paris.




Q. In each of the three questions, a sentence has been divided into four parts and marked a, b, c and d. One of these parts contains a mistake in grammar, idiom or syntax. Identify that part and mark it as the answer.


  1. I want you to take the first bus
  2. and to go to the Bank
  3. and remit this cheque and then
  4. come back straight here.



Q.Each of three friends knows whether the other two have passed or failed in an examination, but does not know his own result. The teacher comes and says, “At least one has failed”. If all three still does not know their own results which of the following is true?


  1. One student has failed.
  2. Two students have failed.
  3. Two or more students have failed
  4. All three have failed




Each question is a logical sequence of statements with a missing link, the location of which is shown parenthetically. From the four choices available you are required to choose the one which best fits the sequence logically.


Q.Many of us live one-eyed lives. We rely largely on the eye of the mind to form our images of reality. It is a mechanical world based on fact and reason. (_______). So today more and more of us are opening the other eye, the eye of the heart, looking for realities to which the mind’s eye is blind. This is a world warmed and transformed by the power of love, a vision of community beyond the mind’s capacity to see. Either eye alone is not enough. We need “wholesight”, a vision of the world in which mind and heart unite.


  1. It had led to unprecedented scientific growth and material well – being.
  2. In the nuclear age, our mind-made world has been found flawed and dangerous, even lethal,
  3. The question is irrelevant, whether or not they can be seen and reasoned.
  4. We have built our lives based on it because it seemed predictable and safe




Q.People arguing for a position have been known to cast the opposite in an unnecessarily feeble light. (______). People who indulge in this fallacy may be fearful or ignorant of a strong counter argument. Detecting this fallacy often depends on having already heard a better refutation, or having information with which to construct one


  1. Casting the opposite as weaker than it really is, is a very effective strategy.
  2. This portrayal of a refutation as weaker than it really is, is a sure way of proving your point
  3. Casting the opposite as weaker than it really is, is not a very effective strategy
  4. This portrayal of refutation as weaker than it really is, is unwarranted




Q.The question of what rights animals should enjoy is a vexatious one. Hundreds of millions of animals are put to death for human use each year. Contrariwise, it can be argued that slowing down scientific research would retard discovery of antidotes to diseases such as cancer which kill humans and animals alike. (_________). What if super intelligent beings from Alpha Centauri landed on earth and decided to use us for their experiments, arguing that they could save far more of their and our lives by so doing?


  1. It will benefit both in the long run.
  2. Is the argument truly fair to animals
  3. But the progress of human civilization cannot be made contingent on some hypothetical rights of animals
  4. There is no question of equating human rights with those of animals.




Q.A deliberation is a form of discussion in which two people begin on different sides of an issue. (_______) Then each decides, in the light of the other argument whether to adopt the other position, to change his or her position somewhat, or to maintain the same position. Both sides realize that to modify one’s position is not to lose; the point is to get closer to the truth of the matter.


  1. Each person argues his or her position most sincerely.
  2. The prerequisite for deliberation to be productive is that persons involved must keep an open mind.
  3. The purpose is to resolve the issue to the satisfaction of both parties.
  4. The trick is to state your viewpoint from a position of strength




Each of these questions has a pair of CAPITALIZED words followed by four pairs of words. Choose the pair of words which best expresses the relationship similar to that expressed in the capitalized pair.




  1. Dalda : Rath
  2. Aircraft : Flying Machine
  3. Shoes : Reebok
  4. Sports car : Automobiles






  1. Book : Critic
  2. Art : Connoisseur
  3. Sports : Fans
  4. Craft : Skill






  1. Black : White
  2. Yellow : Orange
  3. Red : Maroon
  4. Red : Indigo






  1. Poverty : Plenty
  2. Drip : Fluid
  3. Camera : Film
  4. Training : Skill






  1. Nitty : Gritty
  2. Bare : Feet
  3. Naked : Clothes
  4. Hard : Soft






  1. Sweet : Sugar
  2. Cow : Bovine
  3. Bitter : Sour
  4. Taste : Flavor






  1. Order : Chaos
  2. Bare : Clothed
  3. Hope : Surprise
  4. Proper : Improper






  1. Lawyer : Judge
  2. Court : Room
  3. Accused : Defendant
  4. Homicide : Penalty






  1. Nimbus : Cloud
  2. Instrument : Calibration
  3. Aircraft : Jet
  4. Climate : Rain






  1. Split : Apart
  2. Marriage : Divorce
  3. Fission : Fusion
  4. Chasm : Gap




CAT Problems


Q.Each of the following questions has four items. Mark the one that does not belong to this group.


  1. Invoice
  2. Sales Tax
  3. Octroi
  4. Quotation




Q.Each of the following questions has four items. Mark the one that does not belong to this group.


  1. Equestrian
  2. Neigh
  3. Derby
  4. Bark




Q.Each of the following questions has four items. Mark the one that does not belong to this group.


  1. Apt
  2. Relevant
  3. Appropriate
  4. Adept




Q.Each of the following questions has four items. Mark the one that does not belong to this group.


  1. Ring
  2. Shoulder
  3. Finger
  4. Write




Q.Each of the following questions has four items. Mark the one that does not belong to this group.


  1. Abstract
  2. Conceptual
  3. Material
  4. Idealist




Find the Error


Q.Each question is a sentence broken into four parts. Select that part which has an error.


  1. You did not wait
  2. for us before you
  3. went to meet him.
  4. Isn’t it?




Q.Each question is a sentence broken into four parts. Select that part which has an error.


  1. The police have prevented
  2. Rajan in leaving the
  3. city without informing them
  4. two days in advance.




Q.Each question is a sentence broken into four parts. Select that part which has an error.


  1. I would have
  2. given you the
  3. documents yesterday if
  4. you had asked for it.




Q.Each question is a sentence broken into four parts. Select that part which has an error.


  1. Who have you
  2. invited for the lecture
  3. on astrophysics
  4. this evening?




In each of the following questions, four sentences are given between the sentences numbered 1 and 6. You are required to arrange the four sentences so that all six together make a logical paragraph.


Q.1. It doesn’t take a highly esteemed medical expert to conclude that women handle pain better than men.
A. First the men would give birth, and then take six months to recover.
B. As for labour pains, the human species would become extinct if men had to give birth.
C. They do, however, make life hell for everyone else with their non-stop complaining about how bad they feel.
D. The men in my life, including my husband and my father, would not take a Tylenol for pain even if their lives depends on it.
6. And by the time they finish sharing their excruciating experience with their buddies, all reproduction would come to a halt.


  1. ABDC
  2. DCBA
  3. CDBA
  4. BACD




Q.1. A few years ago, hostility towards Japanese-Americans was so strong that I thought they were going to reopen the detention camps here in Kolkata.
A. Today Asians are a success story.
B. I cannot help making a comparison to the anti-Jewish sentiment in Nazi Germany when Jewish people were successful in business.
C. But do people applaud President Clinton for improving foreign trade with Asia?
D. Now, talk about the ‘Arkansas-Asia Connection’ is broadening that hatred to include all Asian- Americans.
6. No, blinded by jealousy, they complain that it is the Asian-Americans who are reaping the wealth.


  1. DBAC
  2. ABDC
  3. DABC
  4. ACBD




Q.1. Michael Jackson, clearly no admirer of long engagements, got married abruptly for the second time in three years.
A. The latest wedding took place in a secret midnight ceremony in Sydney, Australia.
B. It is also the second marriage for the new missus, about whom little is known.
C. The wedding was attended by the groom’s entourage and staff, according to Jackson’s publicist.
D. The bride, 37-year-old Debbie Rowe, who is carrying Jackson’s baby, wore white.
6. All that is known is that she is a nurse for Jackson’s dermatologist.


  1. ACDB
  2. BDCA
  3. DABC
  4. CDBA




Q.1. Liz Taylor isn’t just unlucky in love.
A. She, and husband Larry Fortensky, will have to pay the tab — $4,32,600 in court costs.
B. The duo claimed that a 1993 story about a property dispute damaged their reputations.
C. Taylor has just filed a defamation suit against the National Enquirer.
D. She is unlucky in law too.
6. Alas, all levels of the California court system disagreed.


  1. CDAB
  2. DCAB
  3. DABC
  4. CDBA




Q.1. Hiss was serving as Head of the Endowment on August 3, 1948, when Whittaker Chambers reluctantly appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
A. Chambers, a portly rumpled man with a melodramatic style, had been a Communist courier but had broken with the party in 1938.
B. When Nixon arranged a meeting of the two men in New York, Chambers repeated his charges and Hiss his denials.
C. Summoned as a witness, Hiss denied that he had ever been a Communist or had known Chambers.
D. He told the Committee that among the members of a secret Communist cell in Washington during the 1930s was Hiss.
6. Then, bizarrely, Hiss asked Chambers to open his mouth.


  1. CBAD
  2. ADBC
  3. ADCB
  4. ACDB




Q.1. Since its birth, rock has produced a long string of guitar heroes.
A. It is a list that would begin with Chuck Berry and continue with Hendrix, Page and Clapton.
B. These are musicians celebrated for their sheer instrumental talent, and their flair for expansive, showy and sometimes self-indulgent solos.
C. It would also include players of more recent vintage, like Van-Halen and Living Colour’s Vemon Rei(d)
D. But with the advent of alternative rock and grunge, guitar heroism became uncool.
6. Guitarists like Peter Buck and Kurt Cobain shy away from exhibitionism.


  1. ACBD
  2. ABCD
  3. BCAD
  4. BADC




Q.1. For many scientists, oceans are the cradle of life.
A. But all over the world, chemical products and nuclear waste continue to be dumped into them.
B. Coral reefs, which are known to be the most beautiful places of the submarine world, are fast disappearing.
C. The result is that many species of fish die because of this pollution.
D. Of course man is the root cause behind these problems.
6. Man has long since ruined the places he visits — continents and oceans alike.


  1. ACBD
  2. BACD
  3. ABDC
  4. BCAD




Q.1. Am I one of the people who are worried that Bill Clinton’s second term might be destroyed by the constitutional crisis?
A. On the other hands, ordinary citizens have put the campaign behind them.
B. In other words, what worries me is that Bill Clinton could exhibit a version of what George Bush used to refer to as Big Mo.
C. That is, he might have so much campaign momentum that he may not be able to stop campaigning.
D. Well, it’s true that I’ve been wondering whether a President could be impeached for refusing to stop talking about the bridge we need to build to the 21st century.
6. They now prefer to watch their favourite soaps and ads on TV rather than senators.


  1. DBCA
  2. ABDC
  3. BACD
  4. CBDA




Q.1. So how big is the potential market?
A. But they end up spending thousands more each year on hardware overhaul and software upgradation.
B. Analysts say the new machines will appeal primarily to corporate users.
C. An individual buyer can pick up a desktop computer for less than $2,000 in America.
D. For them, the NCs best-drawing card is its promise of much lower maintenance costs.
6. NCs, which automatically load the latest version of whatever software they need could put an end to all that.


  1. BCAD
  2. DABC
  3. BDCA
  4. DCAB




Q.1. Historically, stained glass was almost entirely reserved for ecclesiastical spaces.
A. By all counts, he has accomplished that mission with unmistakable style.
B. “It is my mission to bring it kicking and screaming out of that milieu,” says Clarke.
C. The first was the jewel-like windows he designed for a Cistercian Church in Switzerland.
D. Two recent projects show his genius in the separate worlds of the sacred and the mundane.
6. The second was a spectacular, huge skylight in a shopping complex in Brazil.


  1. CBAD
  2. BADC
  3. ABDC
  4. DBAC




Find the odd word


Q.Find the odd word out from each of the following sets of four word.


  1. Impetuosity
  2. Equanimity
  3. Zealousness
  4. Effervescence




Q.Find the odd word out from each of the following sets of four word.


  1. Drip
  2. Intrusion
  3. Percolation
  4. Effluence




Q.Find the odd word out from each of the following sets of four word.


  1. Duplicity
  2. Guilelessness
  3. Artfulness
  4. Shrewdness




Q.Find the odd word out from each of the following sets of four word.


  1. Taxi
  2. Cruiser
  3. Amble
  4. Cab




Q.Find the odd word out from each of the following sets of four word.


  1. Hiatus
  2. Break
  3. Pause
  4. End




In each of the following questions a pair of capitalised words is followed by four pair of words. You are required to mark as the answer the pair of words which have a relationship between them most similar to the relationship between the capitalised pair.


Q.Liquid : Gaseousness


  1. Serum : Fume
  2. Humid : Arid
  3. Thaw : Distil
  4. Smoke : Cloud




Q.Fission : Fusion


  1. Implosion : Explosion
  2. Separation : Combination
  3. Intrusion : Extrusion
  4. Enemy : Friend




Q.Doubt : Faith


  1. Atheist : Religion
  2. Sceptic : Pious
  3. Iconoclast : Idol
  4. Apostate : State




Q.Brick : Building


  1. Word : Dictionary
  2. Alphabet : Letter
  3. Platoon : Soldier
  4. Idiom : Language




Q.Dulcet : Raucous


  1. Sweet : Song
  2. Crazy : Insane
  3. Palliative : Exacerbating
  4. Theory : Practical




Q.Action : Reaction


  1. Introvert : Extrovert
  2. Assail : Defend
  3. Diseased : Treatment
  4. Death : Rebirth




Q.Malapropism : Words


  1. Anachronism : Time
  2. Ellipsis : Sentence
  3. Jinjanthropism : Apes
  4. Catechism : Religion




Q.Anterior : Posterior


  1. In : Out
  2. Top : Bottom
  3. Head : Tail
  4. Front : Rear




In each of the following questions, a part of a sentence is left blank. Choose from among the four options given below each question, the one which would best fill the blanks.


Q.When we call others dogmatic, what we really object to is ___.


  1. their giving the dog a bad name
  2. their holding dogmas that are different from our own
  3. the extremism that goes along with it
  4. the subversion of whatever they actually believe in concomitantly




Q.I am an entertainer ___, I have to keep smiling because in my heart laughter and sorrow have an affinity.


  1. Even if I have tears in my eyes
  2. Even though I am depressed inside
  3. While entertaining people
  4. In the entertainment business




Q.The stock markets ___. The state they are in right now speaks volumes about this fact.


  1. is the barometer of public confidence
  2. are the best indicators of public sentiment
  3. are used to trade in expensive shares
  4. are not used to taking stock of all markets




Q.Political power is just as permanent as today’s newspaper. Ten years down the line, ___ the most powerful man in any state today.


  1. who cares
  2. nobody will remember what was written in today’s newspaper or
  3. few will know, or care about
  4. when a lot of water will have passed under the bridge, who will care




Q.___, the more they remain the same.


  1. People all over the world change
  2. The more people change
  3. The more they are different
  4. The less people change




Q.Although, it has been more than 50 years since Satyajit Ray made Pather Panchali, ___ refuse to go away from the mind


  1. the haunting images
  2. its haunting images
  3. its haunted images
  4. the haunt of its images.




In each of the following questions, a part of the paragraph or sentences has been underlined. From the choices given to you, you are required to choose the one which would best replace the underlined part.


Q.The Romanians may be restive under Soviet direction — but they are tied to Moscow by ideological and military links.


  1. they are tied to Moscow by ideological and military links
  2. they are preparing for a great revolution
  3. secretly they rather enjoy the prestige of being protected by the mighty Soviets
  4. there is nothing they can do about it




Q.In a penetrating study, CBS-TV focuses on these people without hope, whose bodies are cared for by welfare aid, but whose spirit is often neglected by a disinterested society.


  1. whose bodies are cared for by welfare aid
  2. who do not have enough to eat
  3. whose hopelessness may be alleviated
  4. who may be physically satiated




Q.Contemplating whether to exist with an insatiable romantic temperament, he was the author and largely the subject of a number of memorable novels.


  1. Contemplating whether to exist
  2. Combining realistic details
  3. Miscegenating a brilliant mind
  4. Aware that he had been born




Q.How many times have I asked myself: when is the world going to start to make sense? There is a monster out there, and it is rushing towards me over the uneven ground of consciousness.


  1. There is a monster out there
  2. It is as if the world is on my shoulders
  3. The answer is out there somewhere
  4. There is a sea of sensibility in me




Q.In Martin Amis’ new novel, the narrator is trapped — and hurtling towards a terrible secret, its resolution and the dreadful revelations it brings, ally to give an excruciating vision of guilt.


  1. ally to give an excruciating vision of guilt
  2. to us give a vivid picture of guilt
  3. is a painful picture of a guilt ridden world
  4. does not really solve all the questions in the narrator’s mind




Q.Victory is everything in the Indian universe and Tendulkar will be expected to translate his genius to that effect. To contemplate any other option is to contemplate the risk of failure.


  1. To contemplate any other option is to contemplate the risk of failure.
  2. Failure is not an action that can be contemplated.
  3. Any other action has the potential of failure.
  4. Failure is not an option




CAT – 1996 – Given below are six statements followed by sets of three. You are to mark the option in which the statements are most logically related.


Q.1. Some pins are made of tin
2. All tin is made of copper
3. All copper is used for pins
4. Some tin is copper
5. Some pins are used for tin
6. Some copper is used for tin


  1. 123
  2. 356
  3. 341
  4. 125




Q.1. An ostrich lays eggs
2. All birds lay eggs
3. Some birds can fly
4. An ostrich cannot fly
5. An ostrich is a bird
6. An ostrich cannot swim


  1. 251
  2. 125
  3. 453
  4. 532




Q.1. Some paper is wood
2. All wood is good
3. All that is good is wood
4. All wood is paper
5. All paper is good
6. Some paper is good


  1. 254
  2. 246
  3. 612
  4. 621




Q.1. All bricks are tricks
2. Some tricks are shrieks
3. Some that are shrieks are bricks
4. Some tricks are not bricks
5. All tricks are shrieks
6. No tricks are shrieks


  1. 513
  2. 234
  3. 123
  4. 543




Q.1. Some sand is band
2. All sandal is band
3. All band is sandal
4. No sand is sandal
5. No band is sand
6. Some band is sandal


  1. 231
  2. 165
  3. 453
  4. 354




Q.1. No wife is a life
2. All life is strife
3. Some wife is strife
4. All that is wife is life
5. All wife is strife
6. No wife is strife


  1. 256
  2. 632
  3. 126
  4. 245




Q.1. Some crows are flies
2. Some flies are mosquitoes
3. All mosquitoes are flies
4. Some owls are flies
5. All owls are mosquitoes
6. Some mosquitoes are not owls


  1. 123
  2. 356
  3. 145
  4. 542




Q.1. Six is five
2. Five is not four
3. Some five is ten
4. Some six is twelve
5. Some twelve is five
6. Some ten is four


  1. 145
  2. 123
  3. 156
  4. 543




Q.1. Poor girls want to marry rich boys
2. Rich girls want to marry rich boys
3. Poor girls want to marry rich girls
4. Rich boys want to marry rich girls
5. Poor girls want to marry rich girls
6. Rich boys want to marry poor girls


  1. 145
  2. 123
  3. 234
  4. 456




CAT – Paragraph forming questions


Q.A. Still, Sophie might need an open heart surgery later in life and now be more prone to respiratory infections.
B. But with the news that his infant daughter Sophie has a hole in her heart, he appears quite vulnerable.
C. While the condition sounds bad, it is not life threatening, and frequently corrects itself.
D. Sylvester Stallone has made millions and built a thriving career out of looking invincible.


  1. DCAB
  2. DBAC
  3. DBCA
  4. DCBA




Q.A. However, the severed head could not grow back if fire could be applied instantly to the amputated part.
B. To get rid of this monstrosity was truly a Herculean task, for as soon as one head was cut off, two new ones replaced it.
C. Hercules accomplished this labour with the aid of an assistant who cauterized the necks as fast as Hercules cut off the heads!
D. One of the twelve labours of Hercules was the killing of hydra, a water monster with nine heads.


  1. DCBA
  2. ABCD
  3. DBAC
  4. BDCA




Q.A. That Hollywood is a man’s world is certainly true, but it is not the whole truth.
B. Even Renaissance film actress, Jodie Foster, who hosts this compendium of movie history, confesses surprise at this.
C. She says that she had no idea that women were so active in the industry even in those days.
D. During the silent era, for example, female scriptwriters outnumbered males 10 to 1.


  1. ADBC
  2. ABDC
  3. DCAB
  4. ABCD




Q.A. Its business decisions are made on the timely and accurate flow of information.
B. It has 1,700 employees in 13 branch and representative offices across the Asia-Pacific region.
C. For employees to maintain a competitive edge in a fast-moving field, they must have quick access to JP Morgan’s proprietary trade related data.
D. JP Morgan’s is one of the largest banking institutions in the US and a premier international trading firm.


  1. DBAC
  2. DCBA
  3. CDAB
  4. DCAB




Q.A. The Saheli Programme, run by the US Cross-Cultural Solutions, is offering a three week tour of India that involves a lot more than frenzied sightseeing.
B. Participants interested in women’s issues will learn about arranged marriages, dowry and infanticide.
C. Holiday packages include all sorts of topics, but female infanticide must be the first for tourism.
D. Interspersed with these talks and meetings are visits to cities like New Delhi and Agra, home to the Taj Mahal.


  1. ACBD
  2. CDBA
  3. ADBC
  4. CABD




Q.A. Something magical is happening to our planet.
B. Some are calling it a paradigm shift.
C. Its getting smaller.
D. Others call it business transformation.


  1. ABDC
  2. ACDB
  3. ABCD
  4. ACBD




In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.


Q.Peel : Peal


  1. Coat : Rind

  2. Laugh : Bell

  3. Rain : Reign

  4. Brain : Cranium




Q.Doggerel : Poet


  1. Symphony : Composer

  2. Prediction : Astrologer

  3. Wine : Vintner

  4. Pulp fiction : Novelist




Q.Premise : Conclusion


  1. Assumption : Inference

  2. Hypothesis : Theory

  3. Knowledge : Ideas

  4. Brand : Marketing




Q.Barge : Vessel


  1. Shovel : Implement

  2. Book : Anthology

  3. Rim : Edge

  4. Training : Preparation




Q.Love : Obsession


  1. Happiness : Joy

  2. Amity : Harmony

  3. Enemy : Hatred

  4. Sorrow : Misery




Q.Reptile : Adder


  1. Skeleton : Flesh

  2. Method : System

  3. Plant : Genus

  4. Dinosaur : Tyrannosaurus




Each of the following questions contains six statements followed by four sets of combinations of three. You have to choose that set in which the third statement logically follows from the first two.


Q.A. No bird is viviparous. B. All mammals are viviparous.
C. Bats are viviparous. D. No bat is a bird.
E. No bird is a mammal. F. All bats are mammals.


  1. ADC

  2. ABE

  3. FBA

  4. AFC




Q.A. No mother is a nurse. B. Some nurses like to work.
C. No woman is a prude. D. Some prude are nurses.
E. Some nurses are women. F. All women like to work.


  1. ABE

  2. CED

  3. FEB

  4. BEF




Q.A. Oranges are sweet. B. All oranges are apples.
C. Some sweet are apples. D. Some oranges are apples.
E. All sweet are sour. F. Some apples are sour.


  1. DAC

  2. CDA

  3. BCA

  4. FEC




Q.A. Zens are Marutis. B. Zens are fragile.
C. Marutis are fragile. D. Opels are fragile.
E. Marutis are Opels. F. Opels are stable.


  1. ACB

  2. EFD

  3. CEA

  4. ABC




Q.A. Dogs sleep in the open. B. Sheep sleep indoors.
C. Dogs are like sheep. D. All indoors are sheep.
E. Some dogs are not sheep. F. Some open are not sheep.


  1. AFE

  2. DCA

  3. ABE

  4. FBD




In each of the following sentences, the main statement is followed by four sentences each. Select a pair of sentences that relate logically to the given statement.


Q.Either Sam is ill, or he is drunk.
A. Sam is ill. B. Sam is not ill.
C. Sam is drunk. D. Sam is not drunk.


  1. AB

  2. DA

  3. AC

  4. CD




Q.Whenever Ram hears of a tragedy, he loses sleep.
A. Ram heard of a tragedy. B. Ram did not hear of a tragedy.
C. Ram lost sleep. D. Ram did not lose sleep.


  1. CA

  2. BD

  3. DB

  4. AD




Q.Either the train is late, or it has derailed.
A. The train is late. B. The train is not late.
C. The train is derailed. D. The train is not derailed.


  1. AB

  2. DB

  3. CA

  4. BC




Q.When I read a horror story I have a nightmare.
A. I read a story. B. I did not read a horror story.
C. I did not have a nightmare. D. I had a nightmare.


  1. CB

  2. AD

  3. BC

  4. AC




Q.When I eat berries I get rashes.
A. I ate berries. B. I did not get rashes.
C. I did not eat berries. D. I got rashes.


  1. DA

  2. BC

  3. CB

  4. None of these




In each of the following questions, a part of the paragraph or sentence has been underlined. From the choices given, you are required to choose the one, which would best replace the underlined part


Q.This government has given subsidies to the Navratnas but there is no telling whether the subsequent one will do.


  1. whether the subsequent government will do so

  2. if the government to follow will accept the policy

  3. if the government to follow will adhere to the policy

  4. whether the subsequent one will do so




Q.Rahul Bajaj has done a great job of taking the company to its present status, but it is time that he let go off the reins


  1. let go of the reins

  2. stepped down

  3. let go off the reins

  4. delegated responsibility




Q.With the pick up in the standard of education, expensive private schools have started blooming up in every corner of the country.


  1. started blooming in every corner of the country

  2. started mushrooming all over the country

  3. started mushrooming in every corner of the country

  4. blossomed all over the country




Q.It is important that whatever else happens, these two factors should not be messed around with.


  1. It is important that

  2. It is a fact that

  3. It should be urgently understood that

  4. It should be understood that




Q.It must be noticed that under no circumstance should the company go in for diversification


  1. It must be noticed

  2. It must be noted

  3. It must be pointed out

  4. It should be noticed




In each of the following questions, a part of a sentence has been left blank. Select from among the four options given below each question, the one which would best fill in the blank.


Q.An act of justice closes the book on a misdeed; an act of vengeance ___.


  1. is reprehensible

  2. is sordid

  3. reopens the first chapter

  4. writes an epilogue




Q.This is about ___ a sociological analysis can penetrate.


  1. as far as

  2. the outer limits that

  3. just how far into the subject

  4. just the relative distance that




Q.I am always the first to admit that I have not accomplished everything that I ___ achieve five years ago.


  1. set out to

  2. went to

  3. thought to

  4. thought of




Q.This is not the first time that the management has done some ___.


  1. tough talk

  2. tough talking

  3. firm talk

  4. firm talking




Q.In India the talent is prodigious, and it increases ___.


  1. each year

  2. year by year

  3. annually

  4. progressively




Q.The present constitution will see ___ amendments but its basic structure will survive.


  1. much more

  2. many more

  3. too many more

  4. quite a few more




Q.Taking risks, breaking the rules, and being a maverick have always been important for companies, but, today, they are ___.


  1. more crucial than ever

  2. more crucial

  3. much more crucial

  4. very crucial




Q.Education is central because electronic networks and software-driven technologies are beginning to ___ the economic barriers between nations.


  1. break down

  2. break

  3. crumble

  4. dismantle




Arrange sentences A, B, C and D between sentences 1 and 6, so as to form a logical sequence of six sentences.


Q.1. Whenever technology has flowered, it has put man’s language — developing skills into overdrive.
A. Technical terms are spilling into mainstream language almost as fast as junk — mail is slapped into e-mail boxes.
B. The era of computers is no less.
C. From the wheel with its axle to the spinning wheel with its bobbins, to the compact disc and its jewel box, inventions have trailed new words in their wake.
D. “Cyberslang is huge, but it’s parochial, and we don’t know what will filter into the large culture,” said Tom Dalzell, who wrote the slang dictionary Flappers 2 Rappers.
6. Some slangs already have a pedigree.


  1. BCAD

  2. CBAD

  3. ABCD

  4. DBCA




Q.1. Until the MBA arrived on the scene the IIT graduate was king.
A. A degree from one of the five IITs was a passport to a well-paying job, great prospects abroad and, for some, a decent dowry to boot.
B. From the day he or she cracked the Joint Entrance Examination, the IIT student commanded the awe of neighbours and close relatives.
C. IIT students had, meanwhile, also developed their own special culture, complete with lingo and attitude, which they passed down.
D. True, the success stories of IIT graduates are legion and they now constitute the cream of the Indian diaspora.
6. But not many alumni would agree that the IIT undergraduate mindset merits a serious psychological study, let alone an interactive one.


  1. BACD

  2. ADCB

  3. BADC

  4. ABCD




Q.1. Some of the maharajas, like the one at Kapurthala, had exquisite taste.
A. In 1902, the Maharaja of Kapurthala gave his civil engineer photographs of the Versailles Palace and asked him to replicate it, right down to the gargoyles.
B. Yeshwantrao Holkar of Indore brought in Bauhaus aesthetics and even works of modern artists like Brancusi and Duchamp.
C. Kitsch is the most polite way to describe them.
D. But many of them, as the available light photographs show, had execrable taste.
6. Like Ali Baba’s caves, some of the palaces were like warehouses with the downright ugly next to the sublimely aesthetic.


  1. BACD

  2. BDCA

  3. ABCD

  4. ABDC




Q.1. There, in Europe, his true gifts unveiled.
A. Playing with Don Cherie, blending Indian music and jazz for the first time, he began setting the pace in the late 70s for much of what present — day fusion is.
B. John McLaughlin, the legendary guitarist whose soul has always had an Indian stamp on it, was seduced immediately.
C. Fusion by Gurtu had begun.
D. He partnered Gurtu for four years, and ‘natured’ him as a composer.
6. But for every experimental musician there’s a critic nestling nearby.


  1. ABCD

  2. BCAD

  3. ADBC

  4. ABDC




Q.1. India, which has two out of every five TB patients in the world, is on the brink of a major public health disaster.
A. If untreated, a TB patient can die within five years.
B. Unlike AIDS, the great curse of modern sexuality, the TB germ is airborne, which means there are no barriers to its spread.
C. The dreaded infection ranks fourth among major killers worldwide.
D. Every minute, a patient falls prey to the infection in India, which means that over five lakh people die of the disease annually.
6. Anyone, anywhere can be affected by this disease.


  1. CADB

  2. BACD

  3. ABCD

  4. DBAC




Arrange the sentences A, B, C and D in a proper sequence so as to make a coherent paragraph


Q.A. It begins with an ordinary fever and a moderate cough.
B. India could be under attack from a class of germs that cause what are called atypical pneumonias.
C. Slowly, a sore throat progresses to bronchitis and then pneumonia and respiratory complications.
D. It appears like the ordinary flu, but baffled doctors find that the usual drugs don’t work.


  1. ABCD

  2. BDAC

  3. ADCB

  4. BCDA




Q.A. Chemists mostly don’t stock it: only a few government hospitals do but in limited quantities.
B. Delhi’s building boom is creating a bizarre problem: snakes are increasingly biting people as they emerge from their disturbed underground homes.
C. There isn’t enough anti-snake serum, largely because there is no centralised agency that distributes the product.
D. If things don’t improve, more people could face paralysis, and even death.


  1. BCAD

  2. DBCA

  3. ABCD

  4. CABD




Q.A. But the last decade has witnessed greater voting and political participation by various privileged sections.
B. If one goes by the earlier record of mid-term elections, it is likely that the turnout in 1998 will drop by anything between four and six percentage points over the already low polling of 58 per cent in 1996.
C. If this trend offsets the mid-term poll fatigue, the fall may not be so steep.
D. Notwithstanding a good deal of speculation on this issue, it is still not clear as to who benefits from a lower turnout.


  1. BACD

  2. ABCD

  3. DBAC

  4. CBDA




Q.A. After several routine elections there comes a ‘critical’ election which redefines the basic pattern of political loyalties, redraws political geography and opens up political space.
B. In psephological jargon, they call it realignment.
C. Rather, since 1989, there have been a series of semi-critical elections.
D. On a strict definition, none of the recent Indian elections qualifies as a critical election.


  1. ABCD

  2. ABDC

  3. DBAC

  4. DCBA




Q.A. Trivial pursuits marketed by the Congress, is a game imported from Italy.
B. The idea is to create an imaginary saviour in times of crisis so that the party doesn’t fall flat on its collective face.
C. Closest contenders are Mani Shankar Aiyar, who still hears His Master’s Voice and V. George, who is frustrated by the fact that his political future remains Sonia and yet so far.
D. The current champion is Arjun for whom all roads lead to Rome, or in this case, 10 Janpath.


  1. ABDC

  2. ABCD

  3. DCBA

  4. CDBA




Q.A. Good advertising can make people buy your products even if it sucks.
B. A dollar spent on brainwashing is more cost-effective than a dollar spent on product improvement.
C. That’s important because it takes pressure off you to make good products.
D. Obviously, there’s a minimum quality that every product has to achieve: it should be able to withstand the shipping process without becoming unrecognizable.


  1. BACD

  2. ACBD

  3. ADCB

  4. BCDA




Q.A. Almost a century ago, when the father of the modern automobile industry, Henry Ford, sold the first Model T car, he decided that only the best would do for his customers.
B. Today, it is committed to delivering the finest quality with over six million vehicles a year in over 200 countries across the world.
C. And for over 90 years, this philosophy has endured in the Ford Motor Company.
D. Thus, a vehicle is ready for the customer only if it passes the Ford ‘Zero Defect Programme’.


  1. ABCD

  2. ACDB

  3. ACBD

  4. CDAB




Q.A. But, clearly, the government still has the final say.
B. In the past few years, the Reserve Bank of India might have wrested considerable powers from the government when it comes to monetary policy.
C. The RBI’s announcements on certain issues become effective only after the government notifies them.
D. Isn’t it time the government vested the RBI with powers to sanction such changes, leaving their ratification for later?


  1. ACDB

  2. ACBD

  3. BACD

  4. DACB




Q.A. I sat there frowning at the checkered tablecloth, chewing the bitter cud of insight.
B. That wintry afternoon in Manhattan, waiting in the little French restaurant, I was feeling frustrated and depressed.
C. Even the prospect of seeing a dear friend failed to cheer me as it usually did.
D. Because of certain miscalculations on my part, a project of considerable importance in my life had fallen through.


  1. ADBC

  2. BCDA

  3. BDCA

  4. ABCD




Q.A. Perhaps the best known is the Bay Area Writing Project, founded by James Gray in 1974.
B. The decline in writing skills can be stopped.
C. Today’s back-to-basics movement has already forced some schools to place renewed emphasis on writing skills.
D. Although the inability of some teachers to teach writing successfully remains a big stumbling block, a number of programmes have been developed to attack this problem.


  1. BCDA

  2. ADCB

  3. ACBD

  4. CABD




Read and Answer


Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Keen

  2. Kin

  3. Enthusiastic

  4. Willing




Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Adept

  2. Adapt

  3. Skilful

  4. Proficient




Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Ring

  2. Round

  3. Bell

  4. Circle




Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Computer

  2. Internet

  3. Grid

  4. Network




Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Suffer

  2. Endure

  3. Bear

  4. Withstand




Q.In the following questions, a set of four words has been given. Three of the words are related to in some way. You have to select the word that does not fit in the relation.


  1. Break

  2. Hiatus

  3. Chasm

  4. Bridge