TENSES: INTRODUCTION

Past tense: A Verb that refers to past time is said to be in the Past TenseM

1.I loved. (Simple Past)

2.I was loving. (Past Continuous)

3.1 had loved. (Past Perfect)

4.I had been loving. (Past Perfect Continuous)

Present tense: A Verb that refers to present time is said to be in the Present Tense

1.I love. (Simple Present)

2.I am loving. (Present Continuous)

3.I have loved. (Present Perfect)

4.I have been loving. (Present Perfect Continuous)

Future tense: A Verb that refers to future time is said to be in the Future Tense

1.I shall/will love. (Simple Future)

2.I shall/will be loving. (Future Continuous)

3.I shall/will have loved. (Future Perfect)

4.I shall/will have been loving. (Future Perfect Continuous)

TENCES: Choose the correct verb form from those in brackets:

Question Answer
The earth --- round the sun. (move, moves, moved) moves
My friends --- the Prime Minister yesterday, (see, have seen, saw) saw
I --- him only one letter up to now. (sent, have sent, send) have sent
She --- worried about something, (looks, looking, is looking) looks / is looking
It started to rain while we --- tennis, (are playing, were playing, had played). were playing

FUTURE TENCES: Choose the correct or more suitable forms of the verbs to fill in the blanks:-

Question Answer
The plane --- at 3.30. (arrives, will arrive) ARRIVES
I will phone you when he --- back, (comes, will come) COMES
When I get home, my dog --- at the gate waiting for me. (sits, will be sitting) COMES
When I get home, my dog --- at the gate waiting for me. (sits, will be sitting) will be sitting
I --- the Joshis this evening, (visit, am visiting) am visiting

Infinitives

1.To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp—all of these are infinitives. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this:

2.To + Verb = Infinitive

3.Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to the end.

4.Infinitives can be used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

5.Noun: To sleep functions as a noun because it is the subject of the sentence.

6.To sleep is the only thing Eli wants after his double shift waiting tables at the neighborhood café.

7.Adjective: To read functions as an adjective because it modifies book.

8.Wherever Melissa goes, she always brings a book to read in case conversation lags or she has a long wait.

9.Adverb: To throw functions as an adverb because it explains why Richard braved the inclement weather.

10.Richard braved the icy rain to throw the smelly squid eyeball stew into the apartment dumpster.

THE PARTICIPLE

1.Participles come in two varieties: past and present. They are two of the five forms or principal parts that every verb has

2.Each present participle ends in 'ing' always.

3.The perfect participle is a compound verb form consisting of an auxiliary (in the -ing form) and a verb. For example: Having studied for the exam, Mike went to play football

Verb Past Participle Present Participle
giggle giggled giggling
jump jumped jumped
swim swum swimming

1.A verb can have as many as four parts. When you form multipart verbs, you use a combination of auxiliary verbs and participles.

a.) With a broom, Mrs. Olsen was beating our alligator over the head in an attempt to retrieve her poodle.

b.) Was = auxiliary verb; beating = present participle.

2.Past and present participles often function as adjectives that describe nouns

a.)The crying baby drew a long breath and sucked in a spider crouching in the corner of the crib.

b.)crying, crouching - present participles

3.Present participles can function as nouns Whenever a present participle functions as a noun, you call it a gerund.

a.)Sneezing exhausts Steve, who requires eight tissues and twenty-seven Gesundheits before he is done.

b.)Sneezing = Present participle

Pick out the Participle in each of the following sentences. Tell whether it is a Present or a Past participle, and also how it is used:-

Question Answer
Generally speaking, we receive what we deserve. speaking - present participle
Having gained truth, keep truth. Having gained - perfect participle
I saw the storm approaching. approaching - present participle
Hearing a noise, I turned round. Hearing - present participle
Considering the facts, he received scant justice. considering - present participle