It is administering, organizing public agencies such as to stimulate, facilitate defined programs of social, economic progress with a purpose to make change attractive and possible. It is an open system where links are present with experts, grassroots, people rather than centralized structures. Development administration is concerned with attitudes, processes than structures and procedures.
Riggs: “The efforts to carry out programs designed to change physical, human, cultural environment but also to enlarge the government capacity to engage in such programs”.
Development administration has two sides: Development of administration and administration of development. Administration can’t change unless environment is changed and environment can’t change unless the administration of programs is changed.
Riggs believed that Development administration is a process of increasing autonomy [discretion] of social systems made possible by rising levels of diffraction. Autonomy manifests itself in form of human societies capable of shaping their own physical, human, cultural environment.
|Change orientation||status quo|
|dynamic, flexible||rigid , hierarchical|
|goal, achievement||economy, efficiency|
|complex, multiple objectives||simple objectives|
|new tasks||routine tasks|
|relies on planning||not much|
|outward looking||inward looking|
|scope of operation wide, size of organization large||limited, size small|
|democratic and participative||authoritative, directive|
|suitable for developing countries||developed countries|