The combination of JAM [Jan Dhan + Aadhar + mobile] has enabled government fund transfer to beneficiaries. The cash transfers have reduced leakages and removed ghost beneficiaries. However last mile service delivery is still a problem in rural areas. The bank to beneficiary link is still the weakest in the JAM cycle.

  1. Direct transfer of funds from center to Panchayat level by removing intermediaries like district, state or block.
  2. The funds should be transferred in real time as expenses occur and for individuals instead of aggregate payments done post expenditure. These often lead to excess expenditure as the money has to be borrowed by government in advance.

     Problems encountered with  JAM are identifying the beneficiaries in real time, maintain beneficiary database, intergovernmental      coordination for efficient transfers, and supply chain interest groups that oppose this technology, beneficiary financial inclusion  and  beneficiary vulnerability.

     JAM can best be implemented in sectors where government agencies can coordinate better and where leakages are high like   fertilizer subsidy and  within government fund transfer.

3. JAM can also be implemented by two methods like D.B.T. and Bio-metrically Authenticated Physical Uptake i.e. once identity is authenticated by Bio-metric means physical goods can be claimed at subsidy.

Chapter Review

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Q1:JAM as per the economic survey stands for

  • Jan dhan
  • Aadhar
  • Mobile
  • All


Q2:The weakest link of the JAM cycle is

  • government to banks
  • government to government
  • banks to people
  • people to government


Q3:To reduce fiscal deficit what are the solutions

  • more spending on subsidies
  • better targeting of subsidies
  • more printing currency
  • all


Q4:JAM can be best implemented in

  • within government transfers
  • fertilizer subsidy
  • both
  • none


Q5:Bio-metrically Authenticated Physical Uptake involves

  • cash transfer
  • biometric verification for cash transfer
  • biometric authentication for goods claiming
  • none