The combination of JAM [Jan Dhan + Aadhar + mobile] has enabled government fund transfer to beneficiaries. The cash transfers have reduced leakages and removed ghost beneficiaries. However last mile service delivery is still a problem in rural areas. The bank to beneficiary link is still the weakest in the JAM cycle.
Changes or improvements in JAM Operations:
1. Direct transfer of funds from center to Panchayat level by removing intermediaries like district, state or block.
2. The funds should be transferred in real time as expenses occur and for individuals instead of aggregate payments done post expenditure. These often lead to excess expenditure as the money has to be borrowed by government in advance.
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Q1:JAM as per the economic survey stands for
Q2:The weakest link of the JAM cycle is
1.government to banks
2.government to government
3.banks to people
4.people to government
Q3:To reduce fiscal deficit what are the solutions
1.more spending on subsidies
2.better targeting of subsidies
3.more printing currency
Q4:JAM can be best implemented in
1.within government transfers
Q5:Bio-metrically Authenticated Physical Uptake involves
2.biometric verification for cash transfer
3.biometric authentication for goods claiming