Conduct rules state the principles that the government expects from its employees. It applies to both his personal life and official life. If such rules are violated then he may face warning, departmental actions and disciplinary proceedings.
Inquiry officer hears both sides and sends his findings to the disciplinary authority. The court case on the same matter is going on the department can still continue its proceedings. Similarly an employee can be punished for the same offence i.e. if he is found guilty of delaying clearances and punished the same record can be used to delay his promotion later.
Constitutional protection is present:
The investigating officer can accept evidence usually not admissible in courts like tape recorded evidence, hearsay, circumstantial evidence and accomplice testimony.
No question of territorial jurisdiction applies here i.e. even if misbehavior in a foreign country then to action can be taken.
Minor penalty: fine, censure, recover loss, withhold increment or promotion.
Major penalty: dismiss, reduce rank, compulsory retire, removal.
Conduct rules affecting official li