General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Questions number 1 – 5 are of one mark each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 20 words each.
(iii) Questions number 6 – 10 are of two marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 40 words each.
(iv) Questions number 11 – 16 are of four marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(v) Questions number 17 – 21 are of five marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 words each.
(vi) Question number 21 is a map-based question. Write its answers in your answer-book.
(vii) Questions number 22 – 27 are of six marks each. The answers to these questions should not exceed 150 words each.
Q1.What is meant by ‘Western Alliance’ ?
Q2.Which one of the following statements about the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is false ?
(a) Politics in Sri Lanka openly favoured the Sinhalas.
(b) Interests of Tamils were neglected.
(c) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam were supported by the SAARC countries.
(d) There was no political equality in Sri Lanka.
Q3.Analyse any one reason for the defeat of the Congress Party in 1977.
Q4.Explain the concept of a ‘Coalition Government’.
Q5.Which popular movement led to the empowerment of women ?
Q6.Assess the main contribution of the Non-Aligned Movement to the newly independent countries.
Q7.Show with the help of one example that globalisation has affected the dress culture of India.
Q8.List any four areas or regions which come under ‘Global Commons’.
Q10.Highlight any two aspects of the Indian Foreign Policy which were greatly influenced by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.
Q11.Explain any four steps taken by China that led to the rise of its economy.
Q12.Highlight any four factors which justify India’s claim to a permanent seat in the U.N. Security Council.
Q13.Evaluate any four benefits of the ‘Green Revolution’.
Q14.Why did India distance herself from the two superpower camps ?
Q15.Describe any four activities of the Dalit Panthers to promote their interests.
Q16.Mention any four Prime Ministers of India and name their respective coalitions that led the Union Government from 1989 to 1999.
Q17.Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The ‘Cuban Missile Crisis’ was a high point of what came to be known as the Cold War. The Cold War referred to the competitions,
the tensions and a series of confrontations between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, backed by their respective allies.Fortunately, however, it never escalated into a ‘hot war’.
(a) Explain the meaning of ‘hot war’.
(b) Why was the ‘Cuban Missile Crisis’ considered as the high point of the Cold War ?
(c) ‘‘Ideological conflict was also a cause of the Cold War.’’ How far do you agree with the statement ?
Q18.Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes
to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its
subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste,
upper middle class and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group ?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
(c) What made the Congress into a mass political party in the twentieth century ?
Q19.Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Janata Party made the 1977 elections into a referendum on the Emergency. Its election campaign was focused on the non-democratic character of the Congress rule and on the various excesses that took place during this period. In the backdrop of arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press, the public opinion was against
(a) What is meant by ‘referendum’ ?
(b) ‘‘Acts like arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press during the Emergency period were non-democratic.’’ Do you agree with the statement ? Justify your answer with one suitable argument for/against each act.
(c) In spite of winning the 1977 elections with a thumping majority, why could the Janata Party remain in power only for a short
period ? Explain.
Q20.Study the cartoon given below carefully and answer the following questions :
(a) Which country does this cartoon refer to ?
(b) Evaluate any two changes in the economic policies of this country from ‘then’ to ‘now’.
(c) Assess any two outcomes of the latest changes that took place in this country.
Q21.In the given political outline map of India (on page 12), five States have been marked as and . Identify these States on the
basis of the information given below and write their correct names in your answer-book along with the respective serial number of the information used and the concerned alphabet as per the following format :
(i) The State where the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre took place.
(ii) The State where a Dairy Cooperative Movement under the name ‘Amul’ was launched.
(iii) The State which was benefitted by the ‘Green Revolution’.
(iv) The State which was created in 2000.
(v) The State which faced a near-famine situation during the 1960s.
Note : The following questions are for the Visually Impaired Candidates only, in lieu of Question No. 21 :
(21.1) In which State did Jallianwalla Bagh massacre take place ?
(21.2) In which State was the ‘Amul’ Milk Dairy Cooperative Movement started ?
(21.3) Name the State which was created in the year 2000.
(21.4) Name the State in the East of India which came into existence due to bifurcation at the time of partition in 1947.
(21.5) Which two States were the most benefitted by the Green Revolution ?
Q22.What is meant by ‘Shock Therapy’ ? Explain any four consequences of Shock Therapy.
Explain the idea of New International Economic Order (NIEO) for the development of Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Highlight any three reforms proposed by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in 1972 to improve the global trading system.
Q23.Describe any three operations (military actions) launched by the US which proved and established its supremacy as a Hard Power.
Describe any three points of conflict between India and Pakistan.
Q24.Examine the six reforms proposed as criteria for new permanent and non-permanent members of the U.N. Security Council.
Analyse any three broad components of the security strategy of India.
Q25.Describe any three major reasons that led to the declaration of Emergency in 1975.
Describe any four steps taken by Indira Gandhi to implement the ‘Garibi Hatao’ Programme.
Q26.Analyse any three threats to the global environment these days.
Analyse any three demerits of globalisation.
Q27.‘‘In the midst of severe competition and many conflicts, a consensus appears to have emerged among most political parties of India.’’ In the light of this statement, analyse any three elements of growing consensus.
‘‘Jammu and Kashmir is one of the living examples of plural society and politics.’’ Justify the statement with any three suitable arguments.