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ENERGY

The All India installed power generation capacity by November 2015 is 2,82,023.78 MW comprising 1,96,204.44 MW thermal 42,623.42 MW hydro, 5,780 MW nuclear and 37,415.53 MW Renewable sources.

Thus the thermal power is 69%, 15% hydro electricty, 13% Renewable and 2% by the Nuclear power.

Ultra Mega Power Plants

These are having a capacity of 4000 MW each and are employing super critical technology for coal based power generation. Thus they make more efficient use of coal.

The Power finance corporation is the nodal agency for the project and it handles the tasks of setting up of site and various clearances.

Then the competitive bidding selects the most successful bidder who gets the contract to operate the plant.

UDAY – Ujwal discom assurance yojana

improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs

reduction of cost of cower;

reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs

enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with / state finances.

Urja Sangam

Biggest global hydrocarbon meet organised in New Delhi was to show India’s potential in the hydrocarbon sector to the world and create an investor-friendly atmosphere here.

Climate Change commitments at 21st COP – Paris

India has taken a voluntary commitment of reducing emission intensity of its GDP by 33-35 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030.

India committed to achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from nonfossil fuel based energy resources by 2030.

This shall be done with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF).

Potential of Renewable energy generation in States.

Highest potential for solar power – Rajasthan, J&K
Highest potential for wind power – Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh
Four cities, namely Nagpur, Chandigarh, Mysore and Gandhinagar, are being developed as model solar cities.

GRIHA rating system – Rating government building according to energy efficient solar/green parameters.

Environment
Coral Reef Sites in India

Gujarat – Gulf of Kutch

Tamil Nadu – Gulf of Mannar

Andaman & Nicobar – Andaman and Nicobar Coral Reef

The Indian reef area is estimated to be 2,383.87 and The mangroves cover in the country is 4,740 sq.km

Committee for Purpose of Control & Supervision of Experiments on Animals

Statutory body under Prevention of Creulty of Animals Act.

Created to to take all such measures as may be necessary to ensure that animals are not subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering on performance of experiments on them

National Air Quality Index (AQI)

Eight Polutants i.e., sulphur, dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, ozone, PM10, PM2.5 carbon monoxide and ammonia are monitored in selected cities.

Six categories of danger levels are there.

Currently 22 cities covered [2017].

World Wetland Day is celebrated on 2nd February

GLOBE

Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) is international environmental science and education programme that brings students, teachers and scientists together to study the global environment.

National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change

The fund is meant to assist activities to meet the cost of adaptation measures in areas that are vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) as National Implementing Entity (NIE).

GEF – Global Environment Facility

India is a founding member of GEF and it was instrumental in setting up this fund in 1991.

The GEF grants are available

biodiversity

climate change

land degradation

international water

chemicals and waste

The full-sized (> USD 2 m), medium-sized (up to USD 2 m) and small grants (exclusively for NGOs/CBOs up) are given.

Chapter Review

Score more than 80% marks and move ahead else stay back and read again!

Q1: Which is true?
1.India is a founding member of GEF and it was instrumental in setting up this fund in 1991.
2.The full-sized (> USD 2 m), medium-sized (up to USD 2 m) and small grants (exclusively for NGOs/CBOs up) are given
3.both
4.none

Q2:National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change is implemented by
1.PMO
2.NABARD
3.Min of EF&CC
4.Wildlife institute of India

Q3: GLOBE is for
1.Scholarship for Differently-Abled Children
2.climate change study
3.education programme that brings students, teachers and scientists together to study the global environment.
4.financial literacy for disabled

Q4: World Wetland Day is celebrated on
1.Feb 2
2.April 22
3.June 26
4.September 20

Q5:National Air Quality Index (AQI) monitors
1.sulphur, dioxide, nitrogen dioxide
2.lead, ozone, PM10, PM2.5
3.carbon monoxide and ammonia
4.all