55% of the population depends on agriculture and allied activities and it contributes 18% to the Gross value Added to Indian economy.

Steps taken by government for Agriculture.

Paramparagat krishi vikas yojana – Organic farming

PM gram sinchai yojana – improved access to irrigation and enhanced water efficiency.

Mera Gaon, Mera Gaurav: To build entrepreneurship amongst the agricultural graduates and improving technology delivery and for knowledge empowerment of farmers.

Kisan Credit Card:

The Kisan Credit Card Scheme is implemented by Commercial Banks, Cooperative Banks and Regional Rural Banks throughout India.

The Scheme has led to increase in credit flow for agricultural activities. The scope of the KCC has been broad-based to include both needs like investments in agriculture as well as short term loans needed by farmers for his daily needs.

KCC Scheme has since been simplified and converted into ATM enabled debit card with any number of withdrawals within the limit.

Scope of middlemen to interfere is thus reduced.

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

PMFBY has been approved for implementation from kharif 2016 along with Unified Package Insurance Scheme (UPIS) and a new Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS).

Under the PMFBY, a uniform maximum premium of only 2 per cent will be paid by farmers for all kharif crops and 1.5 per cent for all rabi crops.

In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the maximum premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5 per cent.

The premium rates to be paid by farmers are very low and balance premium will be paid by the Government to protect farmers against crop loss due to natural calamities.

Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices:

It was setup to evolve a price structure and to advise on the price policy (MSP) of 23 crops.

These include seven cereal crops , five pulse crops , seven oilseeds , copra (dried coconut), coon, raw jute and sugarcane fair and remunerative prices (FRP) instead of MSP.

CACP submits its recommendations to the government. Before preparing the pricing policy reports, the Commission seeks views of various state governments, concerned national organizations and ministries.

Factors that go in determining prices:

Demand and supply

cost of production

price trends in the market, both domestic and international

intercrop price parity, terms of trade between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors

likely implications of MSP on consumers of that product

optimal utilization of natural resources like land and water.


India is blessed with vast aquatic resources.

Our country has about 2,200 species of fish, which are about 11 per cent of all fish species reported globally.

About 24.7 per cent of our fish species live in warm fresh water; 3.3 per cent in cold water; 6.5 per cent in estuaries and the rest 65.5 per cent in the sea.

Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park in Gujarat

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) Station in Mumbai.

Brihadisvara temple complex, Gangaikondacholapuram and the Airavatesvara temple complex, Darasuram as an extension to the Brihadisvara temple complex. Thanjavur

have been inscribed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 2004.


National Archives of India – New Delhi

It was established in 1891 in Kolkata and is the official custodian of all non current records of permanent value to the Government of India.

Functions :

making public records accessible to various Government agencies and research scholars;

preparation of reference material

preservation and maintenance of records and conducting of scientific investigations

evolving records management programmes

rendering technical assistance to individuals and institutions in the field of conservation of records

creation and promotion of archival awareness in India by organising exhibitions.

It has a high job creation potential of about 90 jobs per 10 lakh investment.


e-Tourist Visa


Launched in 2014 currently it is available to 150 countries and has generated Rs. 1.35 lakh crore worth of earnings for the country.

Total 4.5 lakh tourists have used this facility and 16 airports in India have this scheme.

Medical Tourism (also called medical travel, health tourism or global healthcare) is also promoted by the Tourism Ministry and private sector plays a major role in this.

Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat


Launched on 31st October 2015 on occassion of Sardar Patels birth anniversary, the program aims to celebrate the diversity of India.


To celebrate the unity in diversity of our nation

To promote the spirit of national integration

To showcase the rich heritage and culture, customs and traditions of either state

fostering a sense of common identity

To create an environment which promotes learning between states

Economic data

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme


Under this scheme each MP gets Rs. 5 crore for creating durable assets in his constituency. This is a non lapsable scheme and nodal ministry is Ministry of Statistics.
Elected Lok Sabha Members can recommend works in their respective constituencies.

The elected members of the Rajya Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the state from which they are elected.

Nominated members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can recommend works for implementation, anywhere in the country.

Niryat Bandhu Yojana

Scheme for mentoring first generation entrepreneurs involves the Officer (Niryat Bandhu) to mentor interested individuals in international business.

The goal of the scheme is to reach out to the new and potential exporters and mentor them to help them get into international trade.

National Pension System

Subscribers (any Indian citizen) in the age group of 18 to 55 can join NPS and contribute till the age of 60.

Subscribers get a Permanent Retirement Account Number PRAN Card.

There are two accounts in NPS.

Tier I – The money can’t be withdrawn before 60 years.

Tier – II – money can be withdrawn any time. But this account holder needs to have a Tier I account also.

Contributions are invested in Government bonds, corporate bonds and equities in ratio decided by user.


Schemes of Digital Transformation

Jeevan Praman : Provide Aadhar based digital life certificate to pensioners.

‘Vikaspedia’ : Online portal provide information on health, education, agriculture, energy, social welfare and e-governance in atleast 10 languages.

e-Sampark Database : To send messages and emails to public representatives and government employees

“MeghRaj”.To evolve a strategy and implement various components including governance mechanism to ensure proliferation of Cloud in government.

DISHA: Digital literacy mission

Defence exercises

Naval Exercises

Malabar : Indo – US

Varuna: Indo French

SIMBEX: Singapore Indian

KONKAN : Indo – UK

INDRA: Indo Russia


Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against ships in Asia

National Cadet Corps

Established in 1948 it currently has 15 lakh cadets. The motto is “Unity and Discipline”.

Tithi Bhojan

The scheme was started in Gujarat and is being encouraged to be adopted at the national level.

The family can contribute to the Mid day meal program in a school by providing sweets or other delicacies in addition to normal food.

The family shall do it as a means of celebrating special occassions like “birth of a child” / “clearances of exam” etc.

‘Digital Gender Atlas’

The ‘Digital Gender Atlas’ uses geographical representation and numeric data at state, district and block levels and gives information on key indicators for girls education at primary, upper primary and secondary level for three years.

This shall help in identifying and ensure education of vulnerable girls like girls with disabilities.

Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan:

Rashtriya Aavishkar Abhiyan was launched in July 2015, to motivate and encourage children of the age-group 6-18 years, in science, mathematics and technology.

Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat (PBBB)

was launched in 2014 to ensure quality at the foundational years of schooling i.e., classes I and II. Through this programme it will be ensured that all children are able to read with comprehension as well as basic numeracy skills.


in 2014 for affiliated and CBSE schools. It helps the schools to look at their performance at an aggregate level and at the level of each student.


Framework to allow vertical and lateral mobility within vocational education system and between the current education systems.

Deen Dayal Upadhyay Centres for Knowledge Acquisition and Upgradation of Skilled Human Abilities and Livelihood (KAUSHAL)

industry in specialized areas;

instructional design, curriculum design and contents in the areas of skills development;

pedagogy, assessment for skills development education and training.

trained faculty in the areas of skill development


Unnat Bharat Abhiyaan:

IIT, IISER, NIT to adopt villages and develop appropriate rural technologies for sustainable development through peoples’ participation.

Yukti – Yogya Kalakriti ki takneek

skill development and upgradation of design and technologies enhancing the economic prospects of those engaged in traditional crafts and arts as a means of livelihood.

SAKSHAM – Scholarship for Differently-Abled Children

Scheme of AICTE aims at providing encouragement and support to differently-abled children to pursue technical education.

Ishan Uday

UGC has launched a special scholarship scheme for students of north east region, Ishan Uday from the academic session 2014-15.

Ishan Vikas

programme has been launched with a plan to bring selected college and school students from the north eastern states into close contact with IITs, NITs and IISERs during their vacation periods for academic exposure.


It seeks to enhance the enrolment of girl students in prestigious technical education institutions through incentives & academic support.

Saakshar Bharat

scheme of Adult Financial Education and Skill Development


providing encouragement and support to girl child to pursue technical education.

Shaala Darpan

ICT application to provide mobile access to parents of students of government and government aided schools.


Swayam is a Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) initiative on a national platform to provide free courses

Global Initiative for Academic Network

Foreign scientists and entrepreneurs, are engaged with the institutes of higher education in India

Growing Aptitude in Numerical Innovations and Training

organized to commemorate the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan and to actively promote interest of students in mathematics.


Solved Question Papers

Q.Consider the following statements:
1. The Standard Mark of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is mandatory for automotive tyres and tubes.
2. AGMARK is a quality Certification Mark issued by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2


Ans . A

AGMARK is issued under Indian Act

Q.With reference to the ‘National Intellectual Property Rights Policy’, consider the following statements:
1. It reiterates India’s commitment to the Doha Development Agenda and the TRIPS Agreement.
2. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion is the nodal agency for regulating intellectual property rights in India.
Which of the above statements is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2


Ans . C

Q.With reference to ‘Quality Council of India (QCI)’, consider the following statements:
1. QCI was set up jointly by the Government of India and the Indian Industry.
2. Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on the recommendations of the industry to the Government
. Which of the above statements is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2


Ans . C

Q.What is the aim of the programme ‘Unnat Bharat Abhiyan’? (UPSC CSAT 2017)

Achieving 100% literacy by promoting collaboration between voluntary organizations and government’s education system and local communities.

Connecting institutions of higher education with local communities to address development challenges through appropriate technologies.

Strengthening India’s scientific research institutions in order to make India a scientific and technological power.

Developing human capital by allocating special funds for health care and education of rural and urban poor, and organizing skill development programmes and vocational training for them


Ans . B

Q.With reference to ‘Asia Pacific Ministerial Conference on Housing and Urban Development (APMCHUD)’, consider the following statements:
1. The first APMCHUD was held in India in 2006 on the theme ‘Emerging Urban Forms — Policy Responses and Governance Structure’.
2. India hosts all the Annual Ministerial Conferences in partnership with ADB, APEC and ASEAN.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2


Ans . D

2006’s theme was “A Vision for Sustainable Urbanization in the Asia-Pacific by 2020”.

Besides, since 2016’s summit’s theme was emerging urban formAPMCHUD’s ministerial conference is a biennial event

Q.With reference to the role of UN-Habitat in the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future, which of the statements is/are correct?
1. UN-Habitat has been mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities to provide adequate shelter for all.
2. Its partners are either governments or local urban authorities only.
3. UN-Habitat contributes to the overall objective of the United Nations system to reduce poverty and to promote access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
Select the correct answer using the code given below: (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1, 2 and 3

1 and 3 only

2 and 3 only

1 only


Ans . B

UN-Habitat also partners with private organizations and civil society also.

Q. The Global Infrastructure Facility is a/an (UPSC CSAT 2017)

ASEAN initiative to upgrade infrastructure in Asia and financed by credit from the Asian Development Bank.

World Bank collaboration that facilitates the preparation and structuring of complex infrastructure Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) to enable mobilization of private sector and institutional investor capital

Collaboration among the major banks of the world working with the OECD and focused on expanding the set of infrastructure projects that have the potential to mobilize private investment.

UNCTAD funded initiative that seeks to finance and facilitate infrastructure development in the world.


Ans . B

World Bank had launched it in 2014

Q.With reference to ‘National Investment and Infrastructure Fund’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is an organ of NITI Aayog.
2. It has a corpus of Rs. 4, 00,000 crore at present.
Select the correct answer using the code given below: (UPSC CSAT 2017)

1 only

2 only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2


Ans . D

NIIF is under Department of Economic Affairs.

setup in Budget 2015, with Rs.40k crores


Chapter Review

Score more than 80% marks and move ahead else stay back and read again!

Q1:Growing Aptitude in Numerical Innovations and Training was to commenmorate birth of
1.CV Raman
2.Hargovind khurana

Q2:Saakshar Bharat is for
1.child literacy
2.encourage girls in technical education literacy penetration

Q3: SAKSHAM is for
1.Scholarship for Differently-Abled Children
2.vocational training for disabled
3.apprenticeship for disabled literacy for disabled

Q4:INDRA naval exercise is for
1.Indo – US
2.Indo French
Indo – UK
Indo Russia

Q5:Online portal provide information on health, education, agriculture, energy, social welfare and e-governance in atleast 10 languages is named