1. abyss hole so deep as to appear bottomless
  2. acquiesce -: agree, accept without protest
  3. affable -: polite and friendly, easy to talk to
  4. affliction -: distress, suffering
  5. affluent -: wealthy, abundant
  6. agitate -: move, shake, stir up
  7. ambiguous -: having more then one meaning
  8. annex -: take possession of
  9. aqueous -: of or like water
  10. arduous -: demanding great effort, strenuous
  11. aroma -: quality or surrounding atmosphere considered typical
  12. atone -: make repayment
  13. avarice -: greed
  14. bellicose -: inclined to fighting
  15. calisthenics -: exercises to develop strong bodies
  16. captor -: person who takes smb captive
  17. concoct -: invent, prepare by mixing together
  18. dangle -: hand or swing loosely
  19. deprive -: take away from, prevent from using
  20. diligent -: hard-working
  21. disrobe -: undress
  22. docile -: easily trained or controlled
  23. doleful -: dismal, mourful
  24. drought -: a long period of dry weather
  25. dubious -: feeling doubt
  26. dumbfound -: astonish
  27. efface -: rub or wipe out, obliterate
  28. elucidate -: to make understandable
  29. enchant -: charm, delight
  30. endeavor -: to make an effort, to try very hard
  31. endorse -: approve, support a claim or statement
  32. enthral -: take the whole attention, enslave
  33. exploit -: to use for selfish advantage or profit
  34. extensive -: far-reaching
  35. extol -: to praise highly
  36. flimsy -: lacking solidarity, strength
  37. fraud -: a fault, a deception
  38. gaudy -: too bright and showy
  39. ghastly -: death-like, pale and ill
  40. grumble -: to complain
  41. harass -: worry, trouble
  42. heretic -: very busy; active
  43. impediment -: smth that hinders (esp in speech)
  44. indigenous -: native
  45. insatiate -: never satisfied
  46. intrepid -: fearless
  47. irate -: angry
  48. jeopardy -: danger
  49. leash -: control
  50. loafer -: an idle, lazy person
  51. lucrative -: profitable
  52. lustrous -: bright; shining
  53. malign -: to slander
  54. meddle -: to interfere, to intrude
  55. mend -: to repair
  56. mirth -: being merry and happy
  57. nausea -: feeling of sickness
  58. neglect -: pay no attention to
  59. nocturnal -: of or in the night
  60. obese -: very fat
  61. obsolete -: no longer useful, outdated
  62. perch -: take up a high position
  63. pervade -: spread through every part of
  64. petulant -: unreasonably impatient or irritable
  65. pillage -: plunder (esp in war)
  66. presumptuous -: too bold or self-confident
  67. quashed -: annuled
  68. quenching -: satisfy, put an end to, put out
  69. refurbished -: make clean, as if like new
  70. rejoicing -: happiness, joy
  71. reticent -: in the habit of saying little
  72. reverberate -: be sent back, again and again
  73. rigor -: sternness, strictness, severe conditions
  74. rotundity -: state of being round
  75. salvage -: the saving of property from loss
  76. scattered -: not situated together
  77. shatter -: to break into many pieces
  78. shunned -: avoided, kept away from
  79. sketchy -: shortly, roughly, quickly
  80. sporadic -: happening from time to time
  81. stifled -: suppressed, kept back
  82. strive -: to make great efforts, to struggle
  83. subsequent -: following
  84. succumb -: yield, die
  85. taciturn -: unspoken, silent
  86. tantalize -: raise hopes that cannot be realized
  87. tentative -: uncertain, probable
  88. torpid -: dull and slow
  89. treacherous -: not to be trusted, perfidious
  90. tremor -: thrill
  91. tyro -: a beginner
  92. uproar -: noise and excitement
  93. vanity -: a foolish pride
  94. vehemence -: forcefulness; intensity; conviction
  95. vigilance -: watchfulness
  96. vindicate -: prove the truth
  97. voluptuous -: arousing sensual pleasures
  98. wan -: looking ill, not bright
  99. wile -: a trick
  100. wrinkle -: make small lines (eg forehead)
  1. adulate: to praise, adulterate: to make impure
  2. adverse: hostile; averse: unwilling
  3. anachronism: an outdated custom, anarchism: disruptive
  4. antipathy: hatred, aversion, apathy: indifference
  5. ascetic: self-denying, abstinent, austere aesthetic: related to beauty or art
  6. baleful: forshadows evil, baneful: poisonous, deadly
  7. censure: blame, criticize, censor: to remove the inappropriate
  8. capitulate: to surrender, recapitulate: to repeat
  9. disparate: different; diverse, desperate: needy, beyond reason
  10. divers: several diverse: distinct, varied
  11. elicit: to draw out, provoke illicit: illegal, improper
  12. heterogeneous: diverse throughout homogeneous: the same throughout
  13. illusion: something unreal deceptive allusion: indirect reference
  14. imbibe: to drink imbue: to infuse, dye, wet or moisten
  15. imminent: at any moment, soon eminent: famous, renowned
  16. ingenious: original, clever ingenuous: straightforward, open
  17. mendicant: beggar mendacious: dishonest
  18. penury: extreme poverty penurious: stingy, miser
  19. pestilence: epidemic, plague petulance: irritable or ill-tempered
  20. qualitative: having to do with a quality, quantitative: having to do with a number / quantity
  21. vicious: mean, cruel; viscious: resistance to flow
  1. assertion: a declaration or statement
  2. clarity: clearness in commmunication
  3. cogent: convincing, reasonable
  4. coherent: logically connected
  5. cohesive: sticking together
  6. didactic: intended to instruct
  7. discourse: verbal expression, conversation
  8. eloquence: the ability to speak persuasively
  9. fluid: flows easily
  10. lucid: clearly understood
  11. rhetoric: using language effectively and persuasively


  1. arbiter: a judge
  2. exculpate: to free from guilt or blame
  3. incontrovertible: indisputable
  4. integrity: trustworthiness
  5. jurisprudence: the philosophy or science of law
  6. objectivity: treating facts without influence from personal feelings or biases
  7. penitent: expressing remorse for misdeeds
  8. vindicated: freed from blame

 

  1. condescending: treating others as inferior
  2. contemptuous: scornful
  3. despotic: having absolute power, tyrannical
  4. dictatorial: domineering, overbearing
  5. disdain: contempt, scorn
  6. imperious: domineering, overbearing
  7. patronizing: to treat in a condescending manner

 

 

  1. convoluted: intricate, complex
  2. cryptic: difficult to comprehend
  3. futile: pointless
  4. impede: to slow progress
  5. obscure: to conceal
  6. quandary: a state of uncertainty

 

  1. dilatory: always late
  2. indolent: lazy
  3. insipid: uninteresting, unchallenging
  4. listless: lacking energy
  5. torpor: laziness, dullness


  1. ebullience: intense enthusiasm
  2. effusive: emotionally unrestrained
  3. egregious: bad or offensive
  4. flagrant: shocking or noticeable
  5. frenetic: wildly excited or active
  6. gratuitious: given freely, unwarranted
  7. superfluous: extra, unnecessary

 

 

  1. asylum: a place for retreat
  2. auspicious: favorable, promising
  3. benevolent: well-meaning, generous
  4. benign: kind and gentle
  5. emollient: soft and soothing
  6. intuition: sharp insight
  7. mollify: to calm or soothe
  8. reclamation: to make something useful again
  9. sanction: to give official approval

 

  1. dubious: doubtful
  2. dogmatic: stubbornly adhering to unproven beliefs
  3. fabricated: made, concocted to deceive
  4. hypocrisy: insincerity
  5. slander: false oral statements about someone
  6. spurious: not genuine, counterfeit

  1. astute: clever, shrewd
  2. camoflage: to hide by blending in
  3. clandestine: secretive
  4. coup: a well-executed plan
  5. disingenuous: not straightforward, crafty
  6. ruse: a trick
  7. stratagem: a clever trick used to deceive someone
  8. surrepititious: done by secretive means
  9. wary: on guard
  10. wily: cunning

  1. ambiguous: open to more than one interpretation
  2. ambivalent: uncertain, felling opposite feelings simultaneously
  3. apathetic: showing little emotion
  4. arbitrary: determined by impusle rather than reason
  5. capricious: impulsive
  6. equivocate: to avoid making a decision
  7. inconsequential: unimportant
  8. tenuous: shaky, unsure, weakwhimsical: unpredictable

 

 

  1. assiduous: hard working
  2. diligent: hard working
  3. dogged: persevering
  4. intrepid: courageous, fearless
  5. maverick: independent
  6. obdurate: stubborn, inflexible
  7. obstinate: stubborn
  8. proliferate: to grow or increase rapidly
  9. tenacity: persistence
  1. assimilation: to absorb, to make similar
  2. consensus: general agreement
  3. incumbent: imposed as a duty
  4. malleable: easily shaped or formed, easily influenced
  5. subdue: to restrain or hold back




  1. inherent: inborn, built in
  2. innate: inborn, possessed at birth
  3. inveterate: long established, deep rooted, habitual
  4. omnipotent: all powerful
  5. proximity: closeness
  1. elusive: difficult to capture
  2. emigrate: to leave one country and settle in another
  3. transient: moving from one place to another
  4. transitory: short-lived or temporary


  1. affable: friendly
  2. amenable: agreeable
  3. camaraderie: goodwill
  4. candor: sincerity, openness
  5. facetious: playfully humorous
  1. impinge: hinder
  2. lament: mourn
  3. melancholy: sadness, depression
  4. truncated: shortened, cut off


  1. aesthetic: appreciation of beauty
  2. anthology: a collection of literary pieces
  3. dilettante: one with a superficial understanding of a field
  4. eclectic: composed of a variety of sources or styles
  5. excerpt: a selected part of a passage
  6. genre: a category of art
  7. medley: as assortment or mixture of musical pieces
  8. parody: an artistic work that imitates the style of another work for comic effect
  9. virtuoso: a skilled artist

 

 

  1. decorous: proper, good taste
  2. equanimity: composure
  3. propriety: appropriate behavior
  4. prudent: using good judgment or common sense
  5. serene: calm
  6. staid: serious, unemotional
  7. stoic: impassive, indifferent to pleasure or pain
  1. disparage: to belittle, to speak badly of
  2. pejorative: to speak ngatively of someone
  3. plagiarism: to pass someone else’s ideas or writing off as one’s own
  4. vilify: to make vicious statements about




  1. brusque: abrupt
  2. caustic: biting, sarcastic
  3. feral: savage, untamed
  4. fractious: quarrelsome, unruly
  5. incorrigible: unable to be reformed
  6. ingrate: ungrateful person
  7. insolent: insulting in manner or speech
  8. notorious: known widely in an unfavorable manner
  9. pugnacious: combative, belligerent
  10. reprehensible: worthy of blame

 

  1. deleterious: injurious, having aharmful effect
  2. enmity: mutual hatred or ill-will
  3. heinous: evil, abominable
  4. malfeasance: wrongdoing, misconduct
  5. malice: ill will
  6. putrid: rotten
  7. rancorous: hateful

 

 

  1. archaic: old-fashioned
  2. hackneyed: trite, overused
  3. medieval: old-fashioned
  4. obsolete: no longer in use, old-fashioned
  1. austere: without decoration, plain
  2. mediocrity: average, low quality
  3. mundane: ordinary, commonplace
  4. ponderous: dull
  5. prosaic: dull, unimaginative
  6. sedentary: settled, not migratory

 

  1. harbinger: something that indicates what is to come, a forerunenr
  2. ominous: menacing, threatening
  3. timorous: timid, fearful of the future
  4. trepidation: uncertainty, apprehension

 

  1. innovative: introducing somehting new
  2. naive: lacking sophistication
  3. nascent: emerging
  4. novice: a beginner
  1. arid: a dry, rainless climate
  2. conflagration: a widespread fire
  3. nocturnal: occurring in the night
  4. sonorous: producing a deep or full sound

 

 

  1. comprehensive: large in scope
  2. copious: plentiful
  3. permeated: spread or flowing throughout
  4. pervasive: dispersed throughout
  5. prodigious: enormous
  6. replete: filled to capacity

 

  1. exemplary: commendable, worthy of imitation
  2. laudatory: giving praise
  3. venerated: highly respected
  4. facile: easy
  5. fastidious: paying careful attention to detail, hard to please
  6. meticulous: careful and precise
  7. pramatic: practical
  8. solvent: able to pay one’s debts
  1. abstract: not applied to actual objects
  2. paradigm: an exmaple or model
  3. rational: logical, motivated by reaosn rahter than feeligns
  4. theoretical: lacking practical application