GEOGRAPHY (Theory)

Set-1 (2017)

 

SECTION – A

General Instructions :
(i) There are 22 questions in all.
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) Question numbers 1 to 7 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
(iv) Question numbers 8 to 13 are short-answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80 – 100 words.
(v) Question numbers 14 to 20 are long-answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
(vi) Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps, carrying 5 marks each.
(vii) Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer-book.
(viii) Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.

1. State the two groups of factors which affect the profitability of mining.
2. Which country of the world has the highest road density ?
3. Name any two garrison (cantonment) towns of India.
4. Why is West Asia the least developed in rail facilities ? Explain one reason.
5. Examine the twin environmental problems that have emerged in the ‘Indira Gandhi Canal Command Area’.
6. Classify minerals on the basis of chemical and physical properties.
7. How can you help in improving the quality of water in your locality ?

8. Study the map given below carefully and answer the questions that follow :

 

(8.1) Identify and name the canal shown in the map.
(8.2) Write any four characteristics of this canal.

 

Note : The following question is for the Visually Impaired Candidates only,
in lieu of Q. No. 8 :

Which canal connects two oceans ? Write any four characteristics of that
canal

9. Describe any three characteristics of chain stores in the world.

10. Study the diagram given below and answer the questions that follow :

(10.1) Identify and name the steel plant given above. In which State is this plant located ?
(10.2) Which is the main source of power for this steel plant ? Which rail route provides transport facilities to this plant ?
(10.3) What are the major sources of iron-ore and water for this steel plant ?

Note : The following question is for the Visually Impaired Candidates
only, in lieu of Q. No. 10 :

Explain any three major factors responsible for the establishment of Tata
Iron and Steel industry in Jamshedpur.

11. ‘‘There is no consensus on what exactly defines a village or a town.’’ Analyse the statement by using different criteria.
12. ‘‘Nature provides opportunities and humans make use of these and slowly nature gets humanised and starts bearing the imprints of human endeavour.’’ Justify the statement.
13. ‘‘Indiscriminate use of water by increasing population and industrial expansion has led to degradation of the water quality considerably in India.’’ Explain the values that can help in maintaining the quality of water.
14. Mention any four major objectives of the New Industrial Policy, 1991 of India. Describe the role of globalisation in achieving these objectives.
15. ‘‘The size of a territory and per capita income are not directly related to human development.’’ Support the statement with examples.
16. How is migration a response to the uneven distribution of opportunities over a space ? Explain the economic consequences of migration in India.
17. ‘‘In modern times international trade is the basis of the world economy.’’ Support the statement with examples.
18. Review any five measures adopted to solve the problems of Indian agriculture.
19. Classify intensive subsistence agriculture into two categories practised in the world. How are they different from each other ? Explain.
20. Classify means of communication on the basis of scale and quality into two categories. Explain any two characteristics of each category.

21. Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political
outline map of the World (on page 13) as A, B, C, D and E and write
their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the
following information :
A. A large country of Africa in terms of area
B. A major area of subsistence gathering
C. The terminal station of a ‘Transcontinental Railway’
D. A major seaport
E. An international airport

Note : The following questions are for the Visually Impaired Candidates
only, in lieu of Q. No. 21 :
(21.1) Name a large country of Africa in terms of area.
(21.2) Name any one major area of subsistence gathering in the world.
(21.3) Name any one terminal station of Trans-Siberian Railway.
(21.4) Name any one major seaport of North America.
(21.5) Name any one international airport of South America.

22. Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols on the
given political outline map of India (on page 15) :

(22.1) The state having the highest density of population according to
Census 2011
(22.2) The leading rice producing state
(22.3) The software technology park located in Gujarat
(22.4) The major coal field located in Odisha
(22.5) An international airport located in Tamil Nadu

Note : The following questions are for the Visually Impaired Candidates
only, in lieu of Q. No. 22 :

(22.1) Which state of India has the highest density of population
according to Census 2011 ?
(22.2) Which state of India is the leading rice producer ?
(22.3) Name the software technology park located in Gujarat.
(22.4) Name the major coal field located in Odisha.
(22.5) Name an international airport located in Tamil Nadu.