Introduction

In the east the Ural mountains range is present. Then the north European plain followed by plateau and then Iberian peninsula. Below the plateau is the alps mountain range.

 


Fig 1: European landforms

In the north we have the Bay of Biscay, English Channel, North Sea and the Baltic sea from west to east. In he south we get the Mediterranean sea which is connected to the Atlantic ocean by the strait of Gibraltar.

 


Fig 2: Gibraltar strait

Ruhr – Rhine region is one of the largest industrial regions in the world. Ruhr has bituminous coal, steel, manufacturing and chemical factories.

 

Climate of Europe is steppe type in east, Mediterranean type in south, British type in north and taiga type in Scandinavian region.

Fig 3: Climate zones in Europe

 

Fig 3: Forest in Europe

European countries are largest growers and consumers of wine.

 

Brent Crude Oil:

 

Sweet light crude oil. Sweet means low sulfur content. Light means produces higher amount of petrol, diesel after refining. Major oil price benchmark for Atlantic basin crude oil.

 

Other oil: West Texas Intermediate [W.T.I] – sweetest and lightest oil.

Chapter Review

Score more than 80% marks and move ahead else stay back and read again!

 

Q1:Europe and Asia are separated by ountain range of

  1. ural
  2. atlas
  3. andes
  4. himalayas

 

Q2:we get the Mediterranean sea which is connected to the Atlantic ocean by the strait of

hormuz

  1. gibraltar
  2. palk
  3. suez

 

Q3:European region see which types of climates

  1. steppe
  2. mediterranean
  3. british
  4. all

 

Q4:Majority of Europe is covered by which forest

grass

conifers

deciduous

tundra

 

Q5:Brent Crude Oil properties include

light crude oil

low sulfur content.

Major oil price benchmark for Atlantic basin crude oil.

all