English,10(2016)

ENGLISH

(Communicative)

General Instructions :
(i) The question paper is divided into three sections :
SECTION A : READING 20 marks
SECTION B : WRITING & GRAMMAR 25 marks
SECTION C : LITERATURE : Textbook and Long Reading Text 25 marks
(ii) All questions are compulsory.
(iii) You may attempt any section at a time.
(iv) All questions of that particular section must be attempted in the correct order.

SECTION – A 
(READING)

1. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow : 
If you are addicted to coffee, and doctors warn you to quit the habit, don’t worry and just keep relishing the beverage, because it’s not that bad after all ! In fact, according to a new study, the steaming cup of Java can beat fruits and vegetables as the primary
source of antioxidants. Some studies state that coffee is the number one source of antioxidants in American diet, and both caffeinated and decaf versions appear to provide similar antioxidant levels.Antioxidants in general have been linked to a number of potential health benefits,including protection against heart diseases and cancer, but Vinson, a dietitian, said that their benefits ultimately depend on how they are absorbed and utilized in the body. The research says that coffee outranks popular antioxidant sources like tea, milk, chocolate and cranberries. Of all the foods and beverages studied, dates actually have the most antioxidants based solely on serving size, but since dates are not consumed anywhere near the level of coffee, the drink comes as the top source of antioxidants, Vinson said.
Besides keeping you alert and awake, coffee has been linked to an increasing number of potential health benefits, including protection against liver and colon cancer, type 2 diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease, according to some recently published studies.
The researchers, however, advise that one should consume coffee in moderation,because it can make you jittery and cause stomach pains.
(a) What do doctors advise us about the habit of drinking coffee ?
(b) What are the two versions of coffee that are drunk in America ?
(c) State any two benefits of antioxidants.
(d) What does Vinson say about the consumption of antioxidants ?
(e) Name any two popular sources of antioxidants.
(f) How does coffee outrank dates in the level of antioxidants ?
(g) Mention any two benefits of coffee.
(h) What do researchers warn us about the excessive use of coffee ?

2. Read the following passage carefully : 
Gandhiji As a Fund Raiser.Gandhiji was an incurable and irrestible fund raiser. He found special relish in getting jewellery from women. Ranibala of Burdwan was ten years old. One day she was playing with Gandhiji. He explained to her that her bangles were too heavy for her delicate little wrists. She removed the bangles and gave them away to Gandhiji.He used to talk jokingly to small girls and created distaste for ornaments and created a desire in them to part with the jewellery for the sake of the poor. He motivated them to donate their jewellery for social usage.Kasturbai didn’t appreciate this habit of Gandhiji. Once she stated calmly, ‘You don’t wear jewels, it is easy for you to get around the boys. But what about our daughtersin-law. They would surely want them.“Well !” Gandhiji put in mildly, “our children are young and when they grow up they will not surely choose wives who are fond of wearing jewellery.” Kasturbai was very upset with the answer. Gandhiji was determined to keep the jewels to raise community fund. He was of the opinion that a public worker should accept no costly gifts. He believed that he should not own anything costly, whether given or earned. Kasturbai was a female with desire to adorn. But Gandhiji moved towards renunciation and donated every penny earned in South Africa to the trustees for the service of South African Indians.

2.1 Answer the questions given below : 
(a) How did Gandhiji create a distaste for jewellery in Ranibala ?
(b) What was Kasturbai’s apprehension about their sons ?
(c) What solution did Gandhiji suggest for the problem posed by Kasturbai ?
(d) How did Gandhiji serve the community ?

2.2 Find meanings of the words given below from the options that follow :
(e) incurable (para 1)
(i) unreliable
(ii) untreatable
(iii) disagreeable
(iv) unbeatable
(f) motivated (para 2)
(i) encouraged
(ii) emboldened
(iii) incited
(iv) softened
(g) upset (para 4)
(i) puzzled
(ii) furious
(iii) confused
(iv) distressed
(h) renunciation (para 5)
(i) giving up
(ii) disagreement
(iii) opposition
(iv) termination

SECTION – B 

(WRITING AND GRAMMAR)

3. Write an article on the benefits of exercising and walking to school. You are Ram/Rama.(100-120 words) 
                  OR
Write a letter to the editor of a local daily, giving your views about rising cases of obesity among young children. You are Lavanya/Lavesh living at 20, Shanti Enclave,Delhi. (100-120 words)

4. Write a story in 150-200 words based on the given clues. A little girl was walking down the street. She saw a poor old man shivering on the pavement. She ….
                 OR
An injured horse was lying on the road in a pool of blood. People surrounded it and one out of the crowd…

5. Complete the paragraph given below with the help of options that follow : 
(a) _____ agricultural scientists have begun to realise that chemical pesticides are not
necessary. The tragedy is (b) _____ this recognition has come much late. Pesticides
have already (c) _____ our lands.

(a) (i) Few (ii) Any (iii) Many (iv) The few
(b) (i) that (ii) this (iii) these (iv) those
(c) (i) poisoned (ii) poisoning (iii) poisons (iv) poison

 

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