## ECONOMICS(Theory)

General Instructions :
(i) All questions in both the sections are compulsory.
(ii) Marks for questions are indicated against each question.
(iii) Question Nos. 1 – 5 and 16 – 20 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each. They are required to be answered in one sentence each.
(iv) Question Nos. 6 – 8 and 21 – 23 are short-answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 60 words each.
(v) Question Nos. 9 – 11 and 24 – 26 are also short-answer questionscarrying 4 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 70 words each.
(vi) Question Nos. 12 – 15 and 27 – 30 are long-answer questions carrying 6 marks each. Answers to them should normally not exceed 100 words each.
(vii) Answers should be brief and to the point and the above word limits should be adhered to as far as possible.

### SECTION A

Q1.Any statement about demand for a good is considered complete only
when the following is/are mentioned in it (Choose the correct
alternative) :
(a) Price of the good
(b) Quantity of the good
(c) Period of time
(d) All of the above

Q2.Demand for a good is termed inelastic through the expenditure approach
when if (Choose the correct alternative)
(a) Price of the good falls, expenditure on it rises
(b) Price of the good falls, expenditure on it falls
(c) Price of the good falls, expenditure on it remains unchanged
(d) Price of the good rises, expenditure on it falls

Q3.Define indifference curve.

Q4.A seller cannot influence the market price under (Choose the correct
alternative)
(a) Perfect competition
(b) Monopoly
(c) Monopolistic competition
(d) All of the above

Q5.State any one feature of monopolistic competition.

Q6.Give the meaning and characteristics of production possibility frontier.

Q7.Explain the problem of ‘‘how to produce’’.

Q8.Distinguish between ‘increase in demand’ and ‘increase in quantity
demanded’ of a good.
OR
Explain the meaning of ‘Budget set’ and ‘Budget line’.

Q9.Explain with the help of a numerical example, the meaning of diminishing marginal rate of substitution

Q10.Define market supply. Explain the factor ‘input prices’ that can cause a change in supply.
OR
Give the behaviour of marginal product and total product as more and more units of only one input are employed while keeping other inputs as constant.

Q11.Explain ‘‘perfect knowledge about the markets’’ feature of perfect
competition.

Q12.When the price of a good rises from < 10 per unit to < 12 per unit, its quantity demanded falls by 20 percent. Calculate its price elasticity of demand. How much would be the percentage change in its quantity demanded, if the price rises from < 10 per unit to < 13 per unit ?

Q13.Complete the following table :

Q14.From the following total cost and total revenue schedule of a firm, find out the level of output, using marginal cost and marginal revenue approach, at which the firm would be in equilibrium. Give reasons for your answer. Q15.Distinguish between perfect oligopoly and imperfect oligopoly. Also explain the ‘‘interdependence between the firms’’ feature of oligopoly.
OR
Explain the meaning of excess demand and excess supply with the help of a schedule. Explain their effect on equilibrium price.

### SECTION B

Q16.Demand deposits include (Choose the correct alternative)
(a) Saving account deposits and fixed deposits
(b) Saving account deposits and current account deposits
(c) Current account deposits and fixed deposits
(d) All types of deposits

Q17.Define marginal propensity to consume.

Q18.If the marginal propensity to consume is greater than marginal propensity to save, the value of the multiplier will be (Choose the correct alternative)
(a) greater than 2
(b) less than 2
(c) equal to 2
(d) equal to 5

Q19.Define Government budget.

Q20.What is meant by depreciation of domestic currency ?

Q21.Explain with the help of an example, the basis of classifying goods into final goods and intermediate goods.

Q22.Explain ‘‘difficulty in storing wealth’’ problem faced in the barter system of exchange.
OR
Explain the ‘‘medium of exchange’’ function of money.

Q23.Distinguish between direct taxes and indirect taxes. Give an example of each.

Q24.Explain the ‘‘bankers’ bank’’ function of the central bank.
OR
Explain the process of credit creation by commercial banks.

Q25.An economy is in equilibrium. From the following data, calculate the marginal propensity to save :
(a) Income = 10,000
(b) Autonomous consumption = 500
(c) Consumption expenditure = 8,000

Q26.Explain how government budget can be helpful in bringing economic stabilization in the economy.

Q27.Distinguish (a) between current account and capital account, and(b) between autonomous transactions and accommodating transactions of balance of payments account.

Q28.Explain the precautions that should be taken while estimating national income by expenditure method.

OR

Will the following be included in the domestic product of India ? Give reasons for your answer.
(a) Profits earned by foreign companies in India
(b) Salaries of Indians working in the Russian Embassy in India
(c) Profits earned by a branch of State Bank of India in Japan

Q29.Calculate (a) National Income, and (b) Net National Disposable Income :(< in crores)
(i) Compensation of employees    2,000
(ii) Rent    400
(iii) Profit   900
(iv) Dividend  100
(v) Interest   500
(vi) Mixed income of self-employed     7,000
(vii) Net factor income to abroad    50
(viii) Net exports   60
(ix) Net indirect taxes   300
(x) Depreciation   150
(xi) Net current transfers to abroad   30

Q30.Given a consumption curve, outline the steps required to be taken in deriving a saving curve from it. Use diagram.