How to Tackle Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET

TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher) as the name suggests, is a Graduate who is trained in teaching. They are meant to be teaching classes up to 8th Standard.

PGT (Post Graduate Teacher) is moreover a post graduate having skills of teaching. They are meant to be teaching classes up to 12th Standard.
This test is primarily qualifying in nature and is mandatory for aspiring teachers willing to teach in government schools run by central and states governments. Primarily, there are two types of teaching examinations take place

    1. CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) This test is conducted by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) and is mandatory for those who aspire to be teachers with schools run by Central government (NVS, KVS, Central Tibetan Schools etc.) and schools run by UTs (Union Territories)
    1. State TET States primarily conduct their own TET for those candidates who aspire to be teachers with schools under their control. However, a state can consider CTET in case it decides not to conduct the state TET

Section – wise Strategy:

Child Development & Pedagogy (CD&P):-
This subject is common in both Paper 1 and Paper 2. You have to solve 30 multiple choice questions. This subject intends to check the knowledge of child psychology of a candidate. You should revise the important topic development stages of the child, special needs of a child and the most important is to revise the thinker and thoughts. Every year, generally 5-8 questions asked from thinkers and thoughts.

Distribution of questions

    1. Child Development (Primary School Child) : –> 15 Questions
    1. Concept of Inclusive education: -> 5 Questions
    1. Learning and Pedagogy: –> 10 Questions

Hindi Language

This subject is common in both Paper 1 and Paper 2. You have to solve 30 multiple choice questions. In Hindi section, there will be one Reading Comprehension, language pedagogy, and grammar.

Distribution of questions

    1. Reading comprehension :–> 10 questions
    1. Reading poem :–> 5 to 10 questions
    1. Pedagogy questions :–> 10 to 15 questions

English Language
This subject is common in both Paper 1 and Paper 2. You have to solve 30 multiple choice questions. In this section, 15 questions will be from one Reading Comprehension and one Poem passage. Other questions are asked from English language and grammar. The best reference to prepare English section is to read NCERT from Class 1st to 10th. Make your vocabulary strong; learn 10 new English words daily.
Distribution of questions

    1. Reading comprehension :–> 10 questions
    1. Reading poem :–> 5 to 10 questions
    1. Pedagogy questions :–> 10 to15 questions

Environmental Section Strategy:

This subject is asked in CTET exam only and this is very important because it is very scoring subject.
Distribution of questions

    1. Environment basics :–> 8 to 10 questions
    1. Water & Food :–> 3 to 6 questions
    1. Family & Friends :–> 5 to 6 questions
    1. Travels:–> 5 to 6 questions
    1. Miscellaneous :–>6 to 8 questions

Mathematics:-

This subject is common in both Paper 1 and Paper 2. You have to solve 30 multiple choice questions.

Distribution of questions

    1. Mathematics Includes many topics:- (20 to 24) question
    1. Pedagogy of mathematics:- (6 to 8) question

Social science section Strategy:

This subject is asked in CTET exam only and this is very important because it is very scoring subject.

Distribution of questions

    1. Social science & Polity :-> 12 to 14 questions
    1. Geography :–> 8 to 10 questions
    1. Current affairs :–> 5 to 6 questions
    1. History:–> 12 to 15 questions
    1. Miscellaneous :–> 6 to 8 questions

Recommended Study Material for CTET

Subject Link
History
Geography
English
Polity

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET

 

The Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India has entrusted the responsibility of conducting the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) to the Central Board of Secondary Education , Delhi.

Candidates dont have any limits to the number of attempts.

The candidate has to get 60% or more to clear the exam.

The score is valid for 7 years from the date of declaration of results.

CTET score only makes you eligible for appointment but schools can have additional criteria too.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Exam

The exam has two papers: Paper II is held in the morning for 2:30 hrs and Paper I is held in the afternoon for 2:30 hrs.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Criterion

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes I-V: Primary Stage

Senior Secondary with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education

OR

Senior Secondary with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed).

OR

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Education (Special Education)*.

OR

Graduation and passed or appearing in final year of two year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known).

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes VI-VIII: Elementary Stage

Graduation and passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education.

OR

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed).

OR

Graduation with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)

OR

Senior Secondary with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed).

OR

Senior Secondary with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/B.Sc.Ed.

OR

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year B.Ed.

Note:

Candidates not having eligibility as mentioned above shall not be eligible for CTET.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Fees

    1. Fee for General / OBC is Rs. 600 for Paper I or II and Rs. 1000 for both papers.
    1. Fee for SC / ST/ Differently abled is Rs. 300 for Paper I or II and Rs. 500 for both papers.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Exam rules

Both Paper I and II shall be Objective type with 4 choices out of which one shall be correct choice.

No negative marking for wrong answers shall be there. Each question carries 1 mark.

Candidate who wants to teach at primary level can give Paper I and secondary level can give Paper II. A person who wishes to teach both levels shall give both papers.

Paper I (for C lasses I to V) Primary Stage :

    1. Child Development and Pedagogy – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Language I (compulsory) – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Language II (compulsory) – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Mathematics – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Environmental Studies – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks

Paper II (for C lasses VI to VIII) Secondary Stage :

    1. Child Development and Pedagogy – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Language I (compulsory) – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Language II (compulsory) – 30 MCQs – 30 Marks
    1. Mathematics and Science (Mathematics and Science teachers) – 60 MCQs – 60 Marks
    1. Social Studies/Social Science (Social Studies/Social Science teachers) – 60 MCQs – 60 Marks

Other teachers can attempt either one of the sections 4/5 mentioned above.

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Syllabus (Primary level)

Paper I (for classes I to V) Primary Stage

    1. Child Development (Primary Scho ol Child) 15 Questions
      1. Concept of development and its relationship with learning
      1. Principles of the development of children
      1. Influence of Heredity & Environment
      1. Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
      1. Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical p erspectives
      1. Concepts of child – centered and progressive education
      1. Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
      1. Multi Dimensional Intelligence
      1. Language & Thought
      1. Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender – bias and educational practice
      1. Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc
      1. Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning;
      1. School – Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehen sive Evaluation: perspective and practice
      1. Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement
    1. Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs – 5 Questions
      1. Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
      1. Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impai rment’ etc
      1. Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners
    1. Learning and Pedagogy – 10 Questions
      1. How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
      1. Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning
      1. Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
      1. Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
      1. Cognition & Emotions
      1. Motivation and learning
      1. Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental
    1. Language I – 30 Questions
      1. Language Comprehension – 15 Questions
        1. Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
      1.  
      2. Pedagogy of Language Developmen t – 15 Questions
        1. Learning and acquisition
        1. Principles of language Teaching
        1. Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
        1. Critical perspective on the role of grammar in l earning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
        1. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
        1. Language Skills
        1. Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listeni ng, reading and writing
        1. Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi – media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
        1. Remedial Teaching
    1. Language II – 30 Questions
      1. Language Comprehension – 1 5 Questions
        1. Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability
      1. Pedagogy of Language Development – 15 Questions
        1. Learning and acquisition
        1. Principles of language Teaching
        1. Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
        1. Critical perspective on the role of grammar in l earning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
        1. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
        1. Language Skills
        1. Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listeni ng, reading and writing
        1. Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi – media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
        1. Remedial Teaching
    1. Mathematics – 30 Questions
      1. Content – 15 Questions
        1. Geometry
        1. Shapes & Spatial Understanding
        1. Solids around Us
        1. Numbers
        1. Addition and Subtraction
        1. Multiplication
        1. Division
        1. Measurement
        1. Weight
        1. Time
        1. Volume
        1. Data Handling
        1. Patterns
        1. Money
      1.  
        1. Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
        1. Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
        1. Language of Mathematics
        1. Community Mathematics
        1. Evaluation through formal and informal methods
        1. Problems of Teaching
        1. Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
        1. Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching
      1.  
    1. Environmental Studies – 30 Questions
      1. Content – 15 Questions
        1. Family and Friends: , Relationships , Work and Play , Animals , Plants
        1. Food
        1. Shelter
        1. Water
        1. Travel
        1. Things We Make and Do
      1. Pedagogical Issues – 15 Questions
        1. Concept and scope of EVS
        1. Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
        1. Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
        1. Learning Principles
        1. Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
        1. Approaches of presenting concepts
        1. Activities
        1. Experimentation/Practical Work
        1. Discussion
        1. CCE
        1. Teaching material/Aids
        1. Problems

Central Teacher Eligibility Test – CTET Syllabus (Secondary level)

Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage

    1. Child Development (Primary Scho ol Child) 15 Questions
      1. Concept of development and its relationship with learning
      1. Principles of the development of children
      1. Influence of Heredity & Environment
      1. Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
      1. Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical p erspectives
      1. Concepts of child – centered and progressive education
      1. Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
      1. Multi Dimensional Intelligence
      1. Language & Thought
      1. Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender – bias and educational practice
      1. Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc
      1. Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning;
      1. School – Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehen sive Evaluation: perspective and practice
      1. Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.
    1.  
    2. Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs – 5 Questions
      1. Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
      1. Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impai rment’ etc
      1. Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learner
    1. Learning and Pedagogy – 10 Questions
      1. How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
      1. Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning
      1. Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
      1. Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
      1. Cognition & Emotions
      1. Motivation and learning
      1. Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental
    1. Language I – 30 Questions
      1. Language Comprehension – 15 Questions
        1. Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)
      1. Pedagogy of Language Developmen t – 15 Questions
        1. Learning and acquisition
        1. Principles of language Teaching
        1. Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
        1. Critical perspective on the role of grammar in l earning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
        1. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
        1. Language Skills
        1. Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listeni ng, reading and writing
        1. Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi – media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
        1. Remedial Teaching
      1.  
    1. Language II – 30 Questions
      1. Language Comprehension – 1 5 Questions
        1. Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability
      1. Pedagogy of Language Development – 15 Questions
        1. Learning and acquisition
        1. Principles of language Teaching
        1. Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
        1. Critical perspective on the role of grammar in l earning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
        1. Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
        1. Language Skills
        1. Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listeni ng, reading and writing
        1. Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi – media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
        1. Remedial Teaching
    1. Mathematics – 30 Questions
      1. Content – 15 Questions
        1. Number System
        1. Knowing our Numbers
        1. Playing with Numbers
        1. Whole Numbers
        1. Negative Numbers and Integers
        1. Fractions
        1. Algebra
        1. Introduction to Algebra
        1. Ratio and Proportion
        1. Geometry
        1. Basic geometrical ideas (2 – D)
        1. Understanding Elementary Shapes (2 – D and 3 – D)
        1. Symmetry: (reflection)
        1. Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses)
        1. Mensuration
        1. Data handling
      1. Pedagogical issues – 15 Questions
        1. Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
        1. Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
        1. Language of Mathematics
        1. Community Mathematics
        1. Evaluation through formal and informal methods
        1. Problems of Teaching
        1. Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
        1. Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching
    1. Science – 30 Questions
      1. Content – 20 Questions
        1. Food
        1. Sources of food
        1. Components of food
        1. Cleaning food
        1. Materials
        1. Materials of daily use
        1. The World of the Living
        1. Moving Things People and Ideas
        1. How things work
        1. Electric current and circuits
        1. Magnets
        1. Natural Phenomena
        1. Natural Resources
      1. Pedagogical Issues – 10 Questions
        1. Nature & Structure of Sciences
        1. Natural Science/Aims & objectives
        1. Understanding & Appreciating Science
        1. Approaches/Integrated Approach
        1. Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)
        1. Innovation
        1. Text Material/Aids
        1. Evaluation – cognitive/psycho motor/affective
        1. Problems
        1. Remedial Teaching
    1. Social Studies/Social Sciences 60 Questions
      1. Content – 40 Questions
        1. History
          1. When, Where and How
          1. The Earliest Societies
          1. The First Farmers and Herders
          1. The First Cities
          1. Early States
          1. New Ideas
          1. The First Empire
          1. Contacts with Distant lands
          1. Political Developments
          1. Culture and Science
          1. New Kings and Kingdoms
          1. Sultans of Delhi
          1. Architecture
          1. Creation of an Empire
          1. Social Change
          1. Regional Cultures
          1. The Establishment of Company Power
          1. Rural Life and Society
          1. Colonialism and Tribal Societies
          1. The Revolt of 1857 – 58
          1. Women and reform
          1. Challenging the Caste System
          1. The Nationalist Movement
          1. India After Independence
        1. Geography
          1. Geo graphy as a social study and as a science
          1. Planet: Earth in the solar system
          1. Globe
          1. Environment in its totality: natural and human environment
          1. Air
          1. Water
          1. Human Environment: settlement, transport and communication
          1. Resources: Types – Natural and Human
          1. Agriculture
        1. Social and Political Life
          1. Diversity
          1. Government
          1. Local Government
          1. Making a Living
          1. Democracy
          1. State Government
          1. Understanding Media
          1. Unpacking Gender
          1. The Constitution
          1. Parliamentary Government
          1. The Judiciary
          1. Social Justice and the Marginalised
      1.  
      2. Pedagogical issues – 20 Questions

        1. Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
        1. Class Room Processes, activities and discourse
        1. Developing Critical thinking
        1. Enquiry/Empirical Evidence
        1. Problems of te aching Social Science/Social Studies
        1. Sources – Primary & Secondary
        1. Projects Work
        1. Evaluation

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