• A Conjunction is a word which merely joins together sentences, and sometimes words. Conjunctions join together sentences and often make them more compact
  • Some Conjunction are used in pairs
  • Either-or — Either take it or leave it.
  • Neither-nor — It is neither useful nor ornamental.
  • Both-and — We both love and honour him
  • Though-yet (rare in current English) — Though he is suffering much pain, yet he does not complain.
  • Whether-or — I do not care whether you go or stay.
  • Not only-But also — Not only he is foolish, but also obstinate.

Point out the Conjunctions in the following sentences

You will not succeed unless you work harder.unless
We arrived after you had goneafter
I waited till the train arrived.till
Bread and milk is wholesome food.and
You will get the prize if you deserve it-if

Distinguish as Adverb, Preposition, or Conjunction, each of the italicized words in the following sentences

He came before me.Preposition
He came two hours before.Adverb
He came before I left.Conjuction
Have you ever seen him since?Adverb
I have not seen him since Monday.Preposition


  • An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden feeling or emotion.
  • Hello! What are you doing there?
  • Alas! He is dead.
  • Hurrah! We have won the game.
  • Ah! Have they gone?
  • Oh! I got such a fright.
  • Hush! Don’t make a noise.
  • Such words as Hello! Alas! Hurrah! Ah! etc. are called Interjections
  • They are used to express some sudden feeling or emotion. It will be noticed that they are not grammatically related to the other words in a sentence.
  • Hurrah! Huzza!
  • alas!
  • ha! What! bravo! Ah me! For shame! Well done! Good gracious!