CHEMISTRY (Theory)

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Questions number 1 to 5 are very short-answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
(iii) Questions number 6 to 10 are short-answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
(iv) Questions number 11 to 22 are also short-answer questions and carry 3 marks each.
(v) Question number 23 is a value based question and carry 4 marks.
(vi) Questions number 24 to 26 are long-answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
(vii) Use log tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed.

Q1.Write one similarity between Physisorption and Chemisorption.

Q2.Write the structure of 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene.

Q3.For a reaction R ––→ P, half-life (t1/2) is observed to be independent of the initial concentration of reactants. What is the order of reaction ?

Q4.Write IUPAC name of the following compound :
CH3NHCH(CH3)2

Q5.Write the formula of an oxo-anion of Chromium (Cr) in which it shows the oxidation state equal to its group number.

Q6.Calculate the degree of dissociation (α) of acetic acid if its molar conductivity (∧m) is 39.05 S cm2mol–1.
Given λo(H+) = 349.6 S cm2 mol–1 and λo(CH3COO–) = 40.9 S cm2 mol–1

Q7.Draw the structures of the following :
(i) H3PO2(ii) XeF4

Q8.Define the following terms :
(i) Ideal solution
(ii) Molarity (M)

Q9.Complete the following reactions :
(i) Cl2+ H2O –––– →
(ii) XeF6+ 3H2O –––– →
                        OR
What happens when
(i) conc. H2SO4 is added to Cu ?
(ii) SO3 is passed through water ?
Write the equations.

Q10.Write the reactions involved in the following :
(i) Hell-Volhard Zelinsky reaction
(ii) Decarboxylation reaction

Q11.Write one difference in each of the following :
(i) Lyophobic sol and Lyophilic sol
(ii) Solution and Colloid
(iii) Homogeneous catalysis and Heterogeneous catalysis

Q12.Following compounds are given to you :
2-Bromopentane, 2-Bromo-2-methylbutane, 1-Bromopentane
(i) Write the compound which is most reactive towards SN2 reaction.
(ii) Write the compound which is optically active.
(iii) Write the compound which is most reactive towards β-elimination reaction.

Q13.Write the principles of the following methods :
(i) Vapour phase refining
(ii) Zone refining
(iii) Chromatography

Q14.A 10% solution (by mass) of sucrose in water has freezing point of 269.15 K.Calculate the freezing point of 10% glucose in water, if freezing point of pure water is 273.15 K.
Given : (Molar mass of sucrose = 342 g mol–1)
(Molar mass of glucose = 180 g mol–1)

Q15.Define the following :
(i) Cationic detergents
(ii) Narrow spectrum antibiotics
(iii) Disinfectants

Q16.(a) Calculate the mass of Ag deposited at cathode when a current of 2 amperes was passed through a solution of AgNO3 for 15 minutes.
(Given : Molar mass of Ag = 108 g mol–1 1F = 96500 C mol–1)
(b) Define fuel cell.(i) What type of isomerism is shown by the complex [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] ?
(ii) Why a solution of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ is green while a solution of [Ni(CN)4]2– is
colourless ? (At. no. of Ni = 28)
(iii) Write the IUPAC name of the following complex : [Co(NH3)5(CO3)]Cl.

Q17.(i) What type of isomerism is shown by the complex [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6] ?
(ii) Why a solution of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ is green while a solution of [Ni(CN)4]2– is
colourless ? (At. no. of Ni =28)
(iii) Write the IUPAC name of the following complex : [Co(NH3)5(CO3)]Cl.

Q18.Write structures of compounds A, B and C in each of the following reactions :

Do the following conversions in not more than two steps :
(i) Benzoic acid to benzaldehyde
(ii) Ethyl benzene to Benzoic acid
(iii) Prapanone to Propene

Q19.Write the structures of the monomers used for getting the following polymers :
(i) Neoprene
(ii) Melamine-formaldehyde polymer
(iii) Buna-S

Q20.Following data are obtained for the reaction :
N2O5 → 2NO2+ ½O2
t/s                                    0                     300                    600
[N2O5]/mol L–1       1.6 × 10–2          0.8 × 10–2       0.4 × 10–2
(a) Show that it follows first order reaction.
(b) Calculate the half-life.
(Given log 2 = 0.3010 log 4 = 0.6021) 

Q21.Give reasons :
(i) Acetylation of aniline reduces its activation effect.
(ii) CH3NH2 is more basic than C6H5NH2.
(iii) Although –NH2 is o/p directing group, yet aniline on nitration gives a significant amount of m-nitroaniline.

Q22.Give reasons:
(i) Thermal stability decreases from H2O to H2Te.
(ii) Fluoride ion has higher hydration enthalpy than chloride ion.
(iii) Nitrogen does not form pentahalide.

Q23.After watching a programme on TV about the presence of carcinogens(cancer causing agents) Potassium bromate and Potassium iodate in bread and other bakery products,Ritu a class XII student decided to aware others about the adverse effects of thesecarcinogens in foods. She consulted the school principal and requested him to instruct canteen contractor to stop selling sandwiches, pizza, burgers and other bakery products to the students. Principal took an immediate action and instructed the canteen contractor to replace the bakery products with some proteins and vitamins rich food like fruits, salads, sprouts etc. The decision was welcomed by theparents and students.After reading the above passage, answer the following questions :
(i) What are the values (at least two) displayed by Ritu ?
(ii) Which polysaccharide component of carbohydrates is commonly present in bread ?
(iii) Write the two types of secondary structure of proteins.
(iv) Give two examples of water soluble vitamins.

Q24.(a) Write the product(s) in the following reactions :

chemistry exam question paper

(b) Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds :
(i) Ethanol and Phenol
(ii) Propanol and 2-methylpropan-2-ol
                                                  OR
(a) Write the formula of reagents used in the following reactions :
(i) Bromination of phenol to 2,4,6-tribromophenol
(ii) Hydroboration of propene and then oxidation to propanol.

(b) Arrange the following compound groups in the increasing order of their property
indicated :
(i) p-nitrophenol, ethanol, phenol (acidic character)
(ii) Propanol, Propane, Propanal (boiling point)
(c) Write the mechanism (using curved arrow notation) of the following reaction :

chemistry exam question paper

Q25.(a) Account for the following :
(i) Transition metals form large number of complex compounds.
(ii) The lowest oxide of transition metal is basic whereas the highest oxide is
amphoteric or acidic.
(iii) E° value for the Mn3+/Mn2+ couple is highly positive (+1.57 V) as
compare to Cr3+/Cr2+.
(b) Write one similarity and one difference between the chemistry of lanthanoid and
actinoid elements.
                                                                               OR

(a) (i) How is the variability in oxidation states of transition metals different from that of the p-block elements ?
(ii) Out of Cu+ and Cu2+, which ion is unstable in aqueous solution and why ?
(iii) Orange colour of Cr2O7 2– ion changes to yellow when treated with an alkali. Why ?
(b) Chemistry of actinoids is complicated as compared to lanthanoids. Give two reasons.

Q26.(a) An element has atomic mass 93 g mol–1 and density 11.5 g cm–3. If the edge length of its unit cell is 300 pm, identify the type of unit cell.
(b) Write any two differences between amorphous solids and crystalline solids.
                                                                              OR
(a) Calculate the number of unit cells in 8.1 g of aluminium if it crystallizes in a f.c.c. structure. (Atomic mass of Al = 27 g mol–1)
(b) Give reasons :
(i) In stoichiometric defects, NaCl exhibits Schottky defect and not Frenkel defect.
(ii) Silicon on doping with Phosphorus forms n-type semiconductor.
(iii) Ferrimagnetic substances show better magnetism than antiferromagnetic substances.