IRREGULAR VERBS

1.Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding 'ed'.

a.)Walk -- walked -- walked

2.Irregular verbs form their past tense and past participle in a different way from adding ed.

a.)Verbs in which all three forms are the same: cut - cut - cut

b.)Verbs in which two of the three forms are the same: sit - sat - sat

c.)Verbs in which all three forms are different: ring - rang - rung

Fill in the blanks with the Past Tense or Past Participle of verb given in brackets.

Question Answer
It is years since I --- him. He has --- his best days. (See) It is years since I saw him. He has seen his best days.
Of late the custom has --- into disuse. The lot --- upon him. (Fall) Of late the custom has fallen into disuse. The lot fell upon him.
The toast was --- with great enthusiasm. (Drink) The toast was drunk with great enthusiasm.
He --- freely when he had drunk alcohol. Marathi is --- in Maharashtra. (Speak) He spoke freely when he had drunk alcohol. Marathi is spoken in Maharashtra
My patience --- out at last. The inscription has --- away in several places. (Wear) My patience wore out at last. The inscription has worn away in several places.

Auxiliary Verb and Modal Auxiliary Verbs: Exercises

Auxiliary verb: Auxiliary verbs are so called because they help to form the various tenses, moods, and voices of other verbs. The principal ones are be, do, and have.

Modal verbs: These combine with other verbs to express necessity, possibility, intention, or ability. The modal auxiliary verbs are must, shall, will, should, would, ought (to), can, could, may, and might.

Question Answer
I don't think I (shall, should, can) be able to go shall
He (shall, will, dare) not pay unless he is compelled. will
You (should, would, ought) be punctual. should
I wish you (should, would, must) tell me earlier. would
(Shall, Will, Would) I assist you? shall

Adverb

1.A word that modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another Adverb is called an Adverb.

a.)Rama runs quickly. [ quickly shows how (or in what manner) Rama runs; that is, quickly modifies the Verb runs. ]

b.)This is a very sweet mango. [very shows how much (or in what degree) the mango is sweet; that is, very modifies the Adjective sweet.]

c.)Govind reads quite clearly. [ quite shows how far (or to what extent) Govind reads clearly; that is, quite modifies the Adverb clearly. ]

In the following sentences pick out the Adverbs

Question Answer
We rose very early. very early
He was ill pleased. ill
Try again. again
He is too shy too
I am so glad to hear it. so

Preposition

A Preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else. Example: in, of, off

a.)There is a cow in the field. [ The word in shows the relation between two things - cow and field. ]

b.)He is fond of tea. [ The word of shows the relation between the attribute expressed by the adjective fond and tea. ]

c.)The cat jumped of the chair. [ The word off shows the relation between the action expressed by the verb jumped and the chair. ]

Fill blanks with suitable Prepositions:



Question Answer
The dog ran --- the road. along
The river flows --- the bridge. under
The work was done --- haste. in
He is afraid --- the dog. of
I am fond --- music. of