1.Regular verbs form their past tense and past participle by adding 'ed'.
a.)Walk -- walked -- walked
2.Irregular verbs form their past tense and past participle in a different way from adding ed.
a.)Verbs in which all three forms are the same: cut - cut - cut
b.)Verbs in which two of the three forms are the same: sit - sat - sat
c.)Verbs in which all three forms are different: ring - rang - rung
|It is years since I --- him. He has --- his best days. (See)||It is years since I saw him. He has seen his best days.|
|Of late the custom has --- into disuse. The lot --- upon him. (Fall)||Of late the custom has fallen into disuse. The lot fell upon him.|
|The toast was --- with great enthusiasm. (Drink)||The toast was drunk with great enthusiasm.|
|He --- freely when he had drunk alcohol. Marathi is --- in Maharashtra. (Speak)||He spoke freely when he had drunk alcohol. Marathi is spoken in Maharashtra|
|My patience --- out at last. The inscription has --- away in several places. (Wear)||My patience wore out at last. The inscription has worn away in several places.|
Auxiliary verb: Auxiliary verbs are so called because they help to form the various tenses, moods, and voices of other verbs. The principal ones are be, do, and have.
Modal verbs: These combine with other verbs to express necessity, possibility, intention, or ability. The modal auxiliary verbs are must, shall, will, should, would, ought (to), can, could, may, and might.
|I don't think I (shall, should, can) be able to go||shall|
|He (shall, will, dare) not pay unless he is compelled.||will|
|You (should, would, ought) be punctual.||should|
|I wish you (should, would, must) tell me earlier.||would|
|(Shall, Will, Would) I assist you?||shall|
1.A word that modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another Adverb is called an Adverb.
a.)Rama runs quickly. [ quickly shows how (or in what manner) Rama runs; that is, quickly modifies the Verb runs. ]
b.)This is a very sweet mango. [very shows how much (or in what degree) the mango is sweet; that is, very modifies the Adjective sweet.]
c.)Govind reads quite clearly. [ quite shows how far (or to what extent) Govind reads clearly; that is, quite modifies the Adverb clearly. ]
|We rose very early.||very early|
|He was ill pleased.||ill|
|He is too shy||too|
|I am so glad to hear it.||so|
A Preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else. Example: in, of, off
a.)There is a cow in the field. [ The word in shows the relation between two things - cow and field. ]
b.)He is fond of tea. [ The word of shows the relation between the attribute expressed by the adjective fond and tea. ]
c.)The cat jumped of the chair. [ The word off shows the relation between the action expressed by the verb jumped and the chair. ]
|The dog ran --- the road.||along|
|The river flows --- the bridge.||under|
|The work was done --- haste.||in|
|He is afraid --- the dog.||of|
|I am fond --- music.||of|