THE ADJECTIVE

A word used with a noun to describe or point out, the person, animal, place or thing which the noun names, or to tell the number or quantity, is called an Adjective.

1.Sita is a clever girl

2.I don’t like that boy

3.He gave me five mangoes.

4.There is little time for preparation

Adjectives of Quality (or Descriptive Adjective) show the kind or quality of a person or thing;

1.Kolkata is a large city.

2.He is an honest man.

3.The foolish old crow tried to sing.

4.This is a Grammar of the English

Demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or thing is meant;

1.This boy is stronger than Hari.

2. That boy is industrious

3.These mangoes are sour

4.Those rascals must be punished.

5. Yonder fort once belonged to Shivaji.

6. I hate such things.

Degrees of Comparison

1.Rama’s mango is sweet.

2.Hari’s mango is sweeter than Rama’s.

3.Govind’s mango is the sweetest of all.

 

1.The Adjective sweet is said to be in the Positive Degree. The Positive Degree of an Adjective is the Adjective in its simple form. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality of what we speak about. It is used when no comparison is made.

2.The Adjective sweeter is said to be in the Comparative Degree. The Comparative Degree of an Adjective denotes a higher degree of the quality than the Positive, and is used when two things (or sets of things) are compared

3.The Adjective sweetest is said to be in the Superlative Degree. The Superlative Degree of an Adjective denotes the highest degree of the quality, and is used when more than two things (or sets of things) are compared

Positive – Comparative – SuperlativePositive – Comparative – Superlative
Sweet — sweeter — sweetestSmall — smaller — smallest
Tall — taller — tallestBold — bolder — boldest
Clever — cleverer — cleverestKind — kinder — kindest
Young — younger — youngestGreat — greater — greatest

The following take either “er” and “est” or “more” and “most”. :

1.polite, simple, feeble, gentle, narrow, cruel, common, handsome, pleasant, stupid

2.E.g:”She is politer/more polite than her sister.” AND “He is the politest/most polite of them.”

The following Adjectives are compared irregularly, i.e., their Comparative and Superlative are not formed from the Positive:-

Positive – Comparative – SuperlativePositive – Comparative – Superlative
Good, well — better — bestBad, evil, ill — worse — worst
Little — less, lesser — leastMuch — more — most (quantity)
Many — more — most (number)Late — later, latter — latest, last
Old — older, elder — oldest, eldestFar — farther — farthest