General Instructions :
(i) This question paper contains two parts – A and B.
(ii) Part A is compulsory for all.
(iii) Part B has two options – Analysis of Financial Statements and Computerized Accounting.
(iv) Attempt only one option of Part B.
(v) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.
(Accounting for Partnership Firms and Companies)
Q1.Distinguish between ‘Fixed Capital Account’ and ‘Fluctuating Capital Account’ on the basis of credit balance.
Q2.A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3. They admitted C as a new partner. The new profit sharing ratio between A, B and C was 3 : 2 : 3. A surrendered 51 th of his share in favour of C. Calculate B’s sacrifice.
Q3.P and Q were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses equally.Their fixed capitals were < 2,00,000 and < 3,00,000 respectively. The partnership deed provided for interest on capital @ 12% per annum.
For the year ended 31st March, 2016, the profits of the firm were distributed without providing interest on capital.Pass necessary adjustment entry to rectify the error.
Q4.X Ltd. invited applications for issuing 500, 12% debentures of < 100 each at a discount of 5%. These debentures were redeemable after three years at par. Applications for 600 debentures were received. Pro-rata allotment was made to all the applicants.Pass necessary journal entries for the issue of debentures assuming thatthe whole amount was payable with application.
Q5.Z Ltd. forfeited 1,000 equity shares of < 10 each for the non-payment of the first call of < 2 per share. The final call of < 3 per share was yet to be made.Calculate the maximum amount of discount at which these shares can be reissued.
Q6.Durga and Naresh were partners in a firm. They wanted to admit five more members in the firm. List any two categories of individuals other than minors who cannot be admitted by them.
Q7.BPL Ltd. converted 500, 9% debentures of < 100 each issued at a discount of 6% into equity shares of < 100 each issued at a premium of < 25 per share. Discount on issue of 9% debentures has not yet been written off.Showing your working notes clearly, pass necessary journal entries for conversion of 9% debentures into equity shares.
Q8.Kavi, Ravi, Kumar and Guru were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2 : 2 : 1. On 1.2.2017, Guru retired and the new profit sharing ratio decided between Kavi, Ravi and Kumar was 3 : 1 : 1. On Guru’s retirement the goodwill of the firm was valued at < 3,60,000.Showing your working notes clearly, pass necessary journal entry in the books of the firm for the treatment of goodwill on Guru’s retirement.
Q9.Disha Ltd. purchased machinery from Nisha Ltd. and paid to Nisha Ltd. as follows :
(i) By issuing 10,000, equity shares of < 10 each at a premium of 10%.
(ii) By issuing 200, 9% debentures of < 100 each at a discount of 10%.
(iii) Balance by accepting a bill of exchange of < 50,000 payable after one month.Pass necessary journal entries in the books of Disha Ltd. for the purchase of machinery and making payment to Nisha Ltd.
Q10.Ganesh Ltd. is registered with an authorised capital of < 10,00,00,000 divided into equity shares of < 10 each. Subscribed and fully paid up capital of the company was < 6,00,00,000. For providing employment to the local youth and for the development of the tribal areas of Arunachal Pradesh the company decided to set up a hydro power plant there. The company also decided to open skill development centres in Itanagar,Pasighat and Tawang. To meet its new financial requirements, the company decided to issue 1,00,000 equity shares of < 10 each and 1,00,000, 9% debentures of < 100 each. The debentures were redeemable after five years at par. The issue of shares and debentures was fully subscribed. A shareholder holding 2,000 shares failed to pay the final call
of < 2 per share.Show the share capital in the Balance Sheet of the company as per the provisions of Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Also identify anytwo values that the company wishes to propagate.
Q11.Madhu and Neha were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 5. Their fixed capitals were < 4,00,000 and < 6,00,000 respectively. On 1.1.2016, Tina was admitted as a new partner for 41th share in the profits. Tina acquired her share of profit from Neha. Tina brought < 4,00,000 as her capital which was to be kept fixed like the capitals of Madhu and Neha. Calculate the goodwill of the firm on Tina’s admission and the new profit sharing ratio of Madhu, Neha and Tina.Also, pass necessary journal entry for the treatment of goodwill on Tina’s admission considering that Tina did not bring her share of goodwill
premium in cash.
Q12.Ashok, Babu and Chetan were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3 : 3. The firm closes its books on 31st March every year. On 31st December, 2016 Ashok died. The partnership deed provided that on the death of a partner his executors will be entitled for the following :
(i) Balance in his capital account. On 1.4.2016, there was a balance of < 90,000 in Ashok’s Capital Account.
(ii) Interest on capital @ 12% per annum.
(iii) His share in the profits of the firm in the year of his death will be calculated on the basis of rate of net profit on sales of the previous year, which was 25%. The sales of the firm till 31st December, 2016 were < 4,00,000.
(iv) His share in the goodwill of the firm. The goodwill of the firm on Ashok’s death was valued at < 4,50,000.The partnership deed also provided for the following deductions from the amount payable to the executor of the deceased partner :
(i) His drawings in the year of his death. Ashok’s drawings till 31.12.2016 were < 15,000.
(ii) Interest on drawings @ 12% per annum which was calculated as < 1,500.
The accountant of the firm prepared Ashok’s Capital Account to be presented to the executor of Ashok but in a hurry he left it incomplete.Ashok’s Capital Account as prepared by the firm’s accountant is given below :
From the above date the partners decided to share the future profits in the ratio of 4 : 3 : 2 : 1. For this purpose the goodwill of the firm was valued at < 2,70,000. It was also considered that :
(i) The claim against Workmen Compensation Reserve has been estimated at < 30,000 and fixed assets will be depreciated by
(ii) Adjust the capitals of the partners according to the new profit sharing ratio by opening Current Accounts of the partners.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners’ Capital Account and the Balance Sheet of the reconstituted firm.
On 1.4. 2015, J.K. Ltd. issued 8,000, 9% debentures of < 1,000 each at a discount of 6%, redeemable at a premium of 5% after three years. The company closes its books on 31st March every year. Interest on 9% debentures is payable on 30th September and 31st March every year.The rate of tax deducted at source is 10%.Pass necessary journal entries for the issue of debentures and debenture
interest for the year ended 31.3.2016.
Q15.Pass necessary journal entries on the dissolution of a partnership firm in the following cases :
(i) Dissolution expenses were < 800.
(ii) Dissolution expenses < 800 were paid by Prabhu, a partner.
(iii) Geeta, a partner, was appointed to look after the dissolution work, for which she was allowed a remuneration of < 10,000. Geeta
agreed to bear the dissolution expenses. Actual dissolution expenses < 9,500 were paid by Geeta.
(iv) Janki, a partner, agreed to look after the dissolution work for a commission of < 5,000. Janki agreed to bear the dissolution
expenses. Actual dissolution expenses < 5,500 were paid by Mohan, another partner, on behalf of Janki.
(v) A partner, Kavita, agreed to look after the dissolution process for a commission of < 9,000. She also agreed to bear the dissolution
expenses. Kavita took over furniture of < 9,000 for her commission. Furniture had already been transferred to realisation account.
(vi) A debtor, Ravinder, for < 19,000 agreed to pay the dissolution expenses which were < 18,000 in full settlement of his debt.
Q16.C and D are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 1. On 31.3.2016, their Balance Sheet was as follows :
On the above date, Sameer retired and it was agreed that :
(i) Debtors of < 4,000 will be written off as bad debts and a provision of 5% on debtors for bad and doubtful debts will be maintained.
(ii) An unrecorded creditor of < 20,000 will be recorded.
(iii) Patents will be completely written off and 5% depreciation will be charged on stock, machinery and building.
(iv) Yasmin and Saloni will share future profits in the ratio of 3 : 2.
(v) Goodwill of the firm on Sameer’s retirement was valued at < 5,40,000.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the firm on Sameer’s retirement.
Q17.VXN Ltd. invited applications for issuing 50,000 equity shares of < 10 each at a premium of < 8 per share. The amount was payable as follows :
On Application : < 4 per share (including < 2 premium)
On Allotment : < 6 per share (including < 3 premium)
On First Call : < 5 per share (including < 1 premium)
On Second and Final Call : Balance Amount.The issue was fully subscribed. Gopal, a shareholder holding 200 shares,did not pay the allotment money and Madhav, a holder of 400 shares,paid his entire share money along with the allotment money. Gopal’s shares were immediately forfeited after allotment. Afterwards, the first call was made. Krishna, a holder of 100 shares, failed to pay the first call money and Girdhar, a holder of 300 shares, paid the second call moneyM also along with the first call. Krishna’s shares were forfeited immediately after the first call. Second and final call was made afterwards and was duly received. All the forfeited shares were reissued at < 9 per share fully paid up.Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of
JJK Ltd. invited applications for issuing 50,000 equity shares of < 10 each at par. The amount was payable as follows :
On Application : < 2 per share
On Allotment : < 4 per share
On First and Final Call : Balance Amount
The issue was oversubscribed three times. Applications for 30% shares were rejected and money refunded. Allotment was made to the remaining applicants as follows :Category No. of Shares Applied No. of Shares Allotted
I 80,000 40,000
II 25,000 10,000
Excess money paid by the applicants who were allotted shares was adjusted towards the sums due on allotment.
Deepak, a shareholder belonging to Category I, who had applied for 1,000 shares, failed to pay the allotment money. Raju, a shareholder holding 100 shares, also failed to pay the allotment money. Raju belonged to Category II. Shares of both Deepak and Raju were forfeited immediately after allotment. Afterwards, first and final call was made and was duly received. The forfeited shares of Deepak and Raju were reissued at < 11 per share fully paid up.Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the company.
(Analysis of Financial Statements)
Q18.Normally, what should be the maturity period for a short-term investment from the date of its acquisition to be qualified as cash
Q19.State the primary objective of preparing a cash flow statement.
Q20.What is meant by ‘Analysis of Financial Statements’ ? State any two objectives of such an analysis.
Q21.he proprietary ratio of M. Ltd. is 0·80 : 1.State with reasons whether the following transactions will increase,decrease or not change the proprietary ratio :
(i) Obtained a loan from bank < 2,00,000 payable after five years.
(ii) Purchased machinery for cash < 75,000.
(iii) Redeemed 5% redeemable preference shares < 1,00,000.
(iv) Issued equity shares to the vendors of machinery purchased for< 4,00,000.
Q22.Financial statements are prepared following the consistent accounting concepts, principles, procedures and also the legal environment in which the business organisations operate. These statements are the sources of information on the basis of which conclusions are drawn about the profitability and financial position of a company so that their users can easily understand and use them in their economic decisions in ameaningful way.
From the above statement identify any two values that a company should observe while preparing its financial statements. Also, state under which major headings and sub-headings the following items will be presented in the Balance Sheet of a company as per Schedule III of the Companies
(i) Capital Reserve
(iii) Loose Tools
(iv) Bank Overdraft
Q23.From the following Balance Sheet of SRS Ltd. and the additional information as on 31.3.2016, prepare a Cash Flow Statement :
Additional Information :
(i) < 50,000, 12% debentures were issued on 31.3.2016.
(ii) During the year a piece of machinery costing < 40,000, on which accumulated depreciation was < 20,000, was sold at a loss of
Q18.What is meant by a ‘Database Report’ ?
Q19.What is meant by a ‘Query’ ?
Q20.Explain ‘Flexibility’ and ‘Cost of installation’ as considerations before opting for specific accounting software.
Q21.Explain any four sub-groups of the Account Group ‘Profit and Loss’.
Q22.Explain the steps involved in the installation of computerized accounting software.
Q23.What is meant by ‘Conditional formatting’ ? Explain its benefits.